Science Career Guide, Salary and Degree Info

Science and the people behind it have made a tremendous contribution to progress in the many facets of living. Finding the cure for diseases, developing technological advancements, and preserving the earth are just some of humankind’s key accomplishments, all thanks to science. Unsurprisingly, science attracts the most ambitious, the brightest, and the most committed students who aspire to build their career in this exciting field.

Science, as a discipline, offers an unlimited number of options to students. It is commonly divided into different forms: life, physical, and applied. To study the sciences means choosing either the broader disciplines like Chemistry and Physics or going gaining in-depth knowledge of specific subjects such as biochemistry or marine biology. Ultimately, you need to know where your interests lie and determine the career path is ideal for you.

By earning a Science degree in any field, you open a myriad of possibilities. A background in Science lets you become a chemist, biologist, geologist, physicist, and many more.

Science as a Degree

The Bureau of Labor Statistics stated that employment of life, physical, and social science occupations are expected to grow 10% from 2016 to 2026, which is faster than the average for all occupations. This is projected to create about 124,800 new jobs. The employment growth takes root from the increasing demand for experts in diverse fields of science, including positions in research, psychology, energy management, and environmental protection.

Students who will take up a science degree should know that this particular field of study involves a lot of hard work, critical and analytical thinking, and creativity. Here they will not only learn how to write and analyze but also to work and discuss with their peers and superiors. Their brains are challenged every day. They have to think of innovative ways to test their hypothesis, solve a problem, and come up with a conclusion.

Science degree holders are expected to contribute to the future of the planet and help improve the lives of people. Their years of study can lead to practical innovation, discovery, and developments in many industries. Others seek to develop their knowledge and understanding of people, nature, and the universe.

To forge a successful career in science, one should take an undergraduate degree that can best give them the necessary knowledge and skills they need to excel in their chosen field. Before they go to college, it is important to weigh what they are passionate about. Science has dozens of subfields, not to mention specializations, that it can be overwhelming to narrow down.

Other science occupations, due to their complex nature, requires a master’s degree. This includes jobs like an epidemiologist, microbiologist, mining engineers, and many others. 

Students who want to enroll in science and engineering degree programs rose to 45% in 2016. There is a significant increase in the proportion of first-year students planning to major in biological and agricultural sciences, contributing to the growth of science enrollees.

Types of Science Degrees

Before students can even think of starting a career in the sciences, they should first know the educational programs they will need to advance in their chosen field. Being a scientist takes years of study and hard work. It means they need to devote a great deal of time to academic pursuits.  Here is a summary of the types of degrees they will be expected to take up:

Associate’s Science Degree

A quicker, less expensive route to a career, an associate degree usually takes students 2 years to complete. In many cases, this type of degree allows students to transfer to a four-year program which will let them earn a bachelor’s degree. A lot of students, however, go straight to work. Chemical technicians and environmental science technicians are just some of the jobs that only require an associate’s degree.

While most of science associate’s degree can pose a challenge, they are designed not to be as in depth as a bachelor’s degree.

Science Bachelor’s Degree

Most entry-level jobs in the science fields require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in their chosen major. The degree is usually an introduction to their chosen scientific field and gradually progresses to more specific topics. The course also introduces students to various scientific concepts, tools, and experimental techniques. It is a four-year degree that is meant to equip students with the right knowledge and experience.

Science Master’s Degree

As the first level of graduate study, a master’s degree usually requires a prerequisite such as an undergraduate degree. It typically covers 36 to 54 semester credit hours and awarded in many fields.

A master’s degree is your key to a higher-paying career and lucrative practice. Some scientific fields also require a minimum of master’s degree from their applicants.

Science Doctorate Degree

If students want to reach their full potential in their career path, it is always a good idea to sign up with a Ph.D. program. A doctorate is awarded to students who completed an original thesis with a significant contribution to their field of study. There are a lot of doctorate programs for most science degrees. A research degree, it is also the highest level of academic degree that one can achieve. For students to complete the doctorate, they need need to successfully defend a dissertation. This is where they can demonstrate their abilities for independent study.

Science Specializations

Taking up a career in the sciences requires you to choose a scientific field. This is one of the best things about the sciences. There are so many specializations that you can choose from and they all depend on your preferences and abilities.

Astronomy

In astronomy, students are tasked to gather data on the characteristics of planets, moons and other heavenly bodies. They are expected to develop, test and analyze data. They also need to compose scientific papers on their findings.  

Biology

For students who are interested in the study of life and living organisms, biology might be the course for them. As a biologist, they will be expected to conduct research on the underlying mechanisms that govern the function of living matter. The best thing about being a biologist is that they can choose the environment they want to work in.

Being a biologist is a specialized course that requires years of study. Students who are thinking of becoming a biologist should be ready to take up the necessary course and accreditation before they can get employed as a professional biologist.

They can also increase their chances of getting more lucrative employment opportunities by pursuing a master’s degree. If they want to teach in a college or university, it is better to pursue a Ph.D. 

Chemistry

Being a chemist is a highly specialized profession. This is where one conducts research and experiments on the properties of chemical substances. Students who dreams of becoming a chemist need a bachelor’s degree at the very least. As a chemist, they are expected to create useful compounds for established chemical products.

Since a chemist is a highly specialized profession, it takes around 4 to 10 years of college and graduate study.

Geology

A geologist studies the earth’s structure and the process that affect them over time. The geologists work is usually varied. Some geologist tasks can span from analyzing collected samples to conventional lab work.

Students who are thinking of becoming a geologist should strive to equip themselves with the right degrees and experience. Should they choose to follow the geologist career path, they can enter various industries such as engineering, mining and teaching to name just a few. They can also do research work for private companies and government organizations. 

Geography

Geography is the study of the earth’s landscape, places, and environment. As a geographer, they will study the physical and human geography. They may be able to specialize towards the end of their degree. These specializations include environment geography, resources geography, geographical information systems and migration and displacement.

The first step to becoming a geographer is to take up an undergraduate degree in geography. They usually cover the basic geographical concepts with study modules in the areas of environment, society, economy and research methods and development.

Once they finish their bachelor’s degree, they can seek employment in the private and public sector or further their knowledge with a post-graduate degree,

Environmental Science

Environmental Science encompasses the physical, environmental sciences and ecology. It gives students an understanding of the world as a whole. It also studies the resources and the effects of the growing population on the environment.

Students who want to take up an entry-level job in environmental science needs a bachelor’s degree in environmental science, or related fields. Further advancement in their chosen field is also made possible by signing up in graduate programs in environmental science.

Astrophysics

Astrophysicists is the study of physics, space and the physical worlds. Students who want to have a career in this field need to develop your skills as early as high school. They will also need to take advanced placement classes in mathematics and science. Once they do start college, they will need to major in astrophysics or at least major in physics with a minor in astronomy. 

Online vs. Brick and Mortar Science Degrees

The era of attending classes on campus is slowly changing. The advancements in technology means that students can now earn their degrees from the comfort of their homes. Universities and colleges have been offering the online option for many students all over the country for years now.

Science degrees are no exception. As long as they are accredited, they are quite similar to traditional university degrees in many ways. The curriculum is the same so students get to learn the knowledge and skills. Their glaring difference is the method of delivery. While classroom lectures are done face-to-face, online ones are delivered through the internet, in the form of lecture notes, webinars, videos, and other online-related medium that maximizes learning.

The beauty of doing a degree online is the flexibility it offers. Students can take their courses at their own pace anywhere. They just need to be careful and disciplined enough to finish the course on time or there will be additional costs.

Brick and Mortar science degrees, however, have the advantage of easy access to professors and other members of faculty whenever they need clarifications or advice. Group learning is also encouraged.

There are cases when online degree programs are a lot cheaper than traditional education. However, some high-quality universities can charge just as much for an online degree as its on-campus equivalent.

Ultimately, the choice between an online degree and traditional degree lies on the student’s lifestyle, financial ability, learning style, and preference.

Students who want more flexibility and less costly experience can choose online programs where they can considerably cut down on dorm and transport expenses. For students who enjoy the dynamics of a traditional classroom where they can interact and learn from and with each other, a brick and mortar degree sounds just right.

Financing Your Science Education

Students who are serious about earning a science degree should remember one thing—it will take a lot of time and cost a sizable amount of money. And seeing as most science programs are provided by top-ranked colleges and universities, they should ready themselves financially. Financing a college education can be a challenge.

Sadly, though, not many would-be scientist are blessed with the financial resources to pursue their desired courses. And because of this, some students borrow money from untrustworthy sources and eventually land themselves in a great deal of debt.

Some aspiring students are hindered by financial constraints. But as daunting as getting an education may be, it is still possible. They just need to look for the right financial options and aid. 

Luckily for many students who want to pursue a science degree, there are a innumerable university and government programs that offer grants, loans, scholarships and financial aid options. If they are really serious about getting a college and even a doctorate degree, they should explore their financial aid options in the best way possible. By doing so, they will be able to arm themselves with the right information and avoid financial pitfalls.

Here are some great financial aid options that they can take advantage of:

Scholarships

If they are looking for financial aid, students’ first stop should always be the scholarships. This is because scholarships were specifically made to help aspiring students to reach their full potential. And seeing as they are planning of taking up a science degree, they will have a lot of great scholarships to choose from.

The best thing about scholarships is that they don’t need to pay their loans back. The only setback to scholarships is the fact that they are merit-based. There is also a need to compete with a lot of other students. If they are interested in getting a scholarship, they should really make sure that their grades and extracurricular credits are up to scratch.

As for sources of scholarships you can reach out to private and public institutions. These scholarships can come from private schools or federal or state governments. The qualifications for these scholarships usually vary from one organization to another.

Some of the notable scholarships for different science degrees include:

  • United Negro College Fund/MERCK Science Research Scholarship Awards
  • Thermo Fisher Scientific Antibody Scholarship Program
  • Hershey Company Tribal Scholarship-Tribal College Students
  • NextStepUSTEM Scholarship
  • Dr. Randy Pausch Scholarship
  • American Geophysical Union
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Science Foundation

Federal and Private Loans

Getting a scholarship can be very difficult. So, for students are not fortunate enough to find a scholarship, they can always try out federal aid and private loans.

Federal loans are loans offered by the federal government to help students or parents pay for a college education. The qualifications for a federal loan is to submit a (FAFSA) Free application of student aid form to the U.S Department of Education. The Department of Education will determine whether or not students are eligible for a loan and how much they or their family is required to pay towards the college bill.

In order to use a federal loan, they must be enrolled in a program offered by an accredited school. 

Aside from the standard FAFSA, there are 5 other types of student loans they should take a look at:

Subsidized Federal Loans

These types of loans are awarded based on financial need. They are regulated by the federal government and are usually acquired from credit unions and the federal government. They are based on the need of the student and are usually long-term.

Unsubsidized Federal Loans

This type of loan is also long-term and based on the need of the borrower. The difference of this loan from other loans though is the fact that the loan interest will be the responsibility of the borrower. These loans carry a low-interest rate and are best for students who don’t qualify for financial aids.

Federal Plus Loans

These types of loans are usually for parents whose children attend college with a full time or halftime undergraduate status. The interest rates are usually low and the repayment usually begins with 60 to 90 days upon disbursement of the loan or after the student graduates.

Federal Perkins Loans

This type of loan is very popular with both graduate and undergraduate studies. These are usually given to students who extremely need them and they have a very low interest rate. The interest is meant to start to accrue nine months after the students drop bellow half-time enrolment or graduation.

Private Loans

Students are also eligible for a private loan. A private loan can be obtained from banks, credit unions, or lending institutions to help cover college expenses. Private loans are usually offered directly to students. Which means it is the student’s responsibility to pay the loan. So if they are really thinking of taking a private loan, they should think things through because it may accumulate as time passes.

Student Grants

It is a well-known fact that a college degree can cost a small fortune. And there have been stories of college students who have gotten into debt because of irresponsible financing. In order to avoid spending a decade of their life paying for college loans, they will need to find a good college financing option. One great option is to try out for a student grant. A student grant is a technically free money given to students to help pay for college expenses.

There are many student grants and they can come from a lot of sources like private and public institutions such as associations, clubs, groups, colleges and local governments. The four main sources of grants are usually federal, state, college-specific and private programs.

Science Career Pathways, Information and Outlook

Starting a career in the field of science can be hard. It is an arduous process that can take years, and it may take some time before they can make a name for themselves or make a substantial contribution to their chosen field. But being a science graduate is totally worth it.

Most science graduates look at careers that use their specialist knowledge, which greatly depends on their specific discipline. Those who have a bachelor’s degree that tackles on natural science’s role in protecting the environment and human health find jobs as environmental scientists and specialists. They can earn as much as $71,130. Epidemiologists, on the other hand, can only enter the profession with a master’s degree. Their median salary is at $69,660.

According to BLS, students with degrees in life, physical and social science has a median annual wage of $66,070, much higher than the median age for all occupations.

Those who studied chemistry has an annual wage of $76,890 in May 2018. The employment outlook for chemists and materials scientists is looking good. It is projected to grow 7% from 2016 to 2026.

As for work environment, science graduates experience it differently. For example, microbiologists mostly work in laboratories and offices. They work full-time and work regular hours. On the other hand, zoologists and wildlife biologists does not only work in offices and laboratories but can also explore the outdoors where they spend considerable time gathering data and studying animals in their natural habitat.

The vast scope of science and its many different forms are the major reasons for its varied yet exciting careers. While most science occupations require them to explore and delve into the unknown, many of these are stable and lucrative.

Take a look at some occupational titles that science graduates will find most suitable for their education.

10 Most Common Science Occupational Titles

Biologist

Degree Requirement: Bachelor’s degree

Salary: $72,220

Chemist

Degree Requirement: Bachelor’s degree

Salary: $78,330

Zoologist

Degree Requirement: Bachelor’s degree

Salary: $63,420

Chemical Technician

Degree Requirement: Associate’s degree

Salary: 48,160

Microbiologist

Degree Requirement: Bachelor’s degree

Salary: $84,810

Biochemist

Degree Requirement: Doctoral or professional degree

Salary: $93,280

Forensic Science Technician

Degree Requirement: Bachelor’s degree

Salary: $58,230

Biological Technician

Degree Requirement: Bachelor’s degree

Salary: $44,500

Medical Scientist

Degree Requirement: Doctoral or professional degree

Salary: $84,810

Environmental Scientist

Degree Requirement: Associate’s degree

Salary: $46,170

Other Science Occupational Titles:

20 Highest Paying Science Careers

Associate Dean of Sciences

The associate dean assists the dean in managing administrative functions of the college of science. They plan college strategic initiatives.

Associate Dean of Sciences Salary: $132,000

Astronomer

A career in Astronomy is a highly specialized one, and not only requires one to have a bachelor’s degree but a master’s and Ph.D as well. Astronomers gather data on the characteristics of planets, moons and other heavenly bodies. They are expected to develop, test and analyze data. They also need to compose scientific papers on their findings.  

Astronomer Salary: $119,580

Certified Petroleum Geologist

They are responsible for studying and examining rock formations and mineral samples to identify new gas and oil deposits.

Certified Petroleum Geologist Salary: $102,500

Atmospheric Scientist

This type of scientists studies the weather and climate. They also examine how these conditions can affect human activity and the earth in general. Entry-level positions require a bachelor’s degree.

Atmospheric Scientist Salary: $94,110

Materials Scientist

Material scientists are responsible for examining the physical properties of manufacturing materials to develop new products or improve existing ones.

Materials Scientist Salary: $99,530

Biochemists and Biophysicist

These science occupational titles study the chemical and physical principles of living things and their biological processes.

Biochemists and Biophysicist Salary: $93,280

Geoscientist

Geoscientists are responsible for the study of the earth’s physical aspects, such as the composition, structure, and processes that will let them learn its past, present, and future. Applicants must have a bachelor’s degree.

Geoscientist Salary: $91,130

Geophysicist

Geophysicists draw from their knowledge in physics, chemistry, and geology to study the earth and its composition. They also explore its atmosphere, internal make-up, oceans, and other fields.

Geophysicists Salary: $90,100

Molecular Biologist

Molecular biologists usually study cell processes and codes in humans, animals, plants, or other living organisms. They make use of their knowledge of chemistry, cell physiology, genetics, physics, and many others.

Molecular Biologist Salary: $86,328

Food Chemist

The duties of a food chemist involve conducting research for the development and improvement and food and beverages. They need to perform tests using methods like merging synthetic and natural food materials.

Food Chemist Salary: 83,190

Nuclear Technicians

Graduates who want to work as nuclear technicians must at least have an associate’s degree. It is their job to assist physicists, engineers, and other professionals in nuclear research and energy production.

Nuclear Technicians Salary: $79,140

Geographer

Geographers specialize in physical geography, human geography, and geospatial technology. They can find a lot of job opportunities in the government, with half of the geographers in the country working there.

Geographer Salary: $76,860

Chemists and Material Scientist

Chemists and material scientists deal with substances at the atomic and molecular levels. They analyze the many ways in which these substances work with each other.

Chemists and Material Scientist Salary: $78,330

Product Development Scientist

Product development scientist are instrumental in researching and developing new production processes for manufacturing systems to improve their overall efficiency and profitability.

Product Development Scientist Salary: $75,200

Research Scientist

Research scientists are responsible for setting up and carrying through experiments to broaden scientific knowledge in one particular area.

Research Scientist Salary: $72,400

Microbiologists

It is the job of microbiologists to learn more about microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites.

Microbiologists Salary: $71,650

Hydrogeologist

The study of location, movement, and quality of water formations below the surface of the earth are conducted by hydrogeologists. Their research is important for construction projects, aquifer protection, and the safe disposal of hazardous waste.

Hydrogeologist Salary: $68,000

Staff Scientist

Staff scientists are responsible for collaborating with and guiding their co-workers, overseeing projects and creating and reviewing procedures. Most of them are hired by a variety of technical, scientific, and government agencies.

Staff Scientist Salary: $67,300

Zoologist and Wildlife Biologist

Their job is to study the physical characteristics of the animals, animal behaviors, and the impacts humans have on wildlife and natural habitat.

Zoologist and Wildlife Biologist Salary: $63,420

Conservationist

It is the responsibility of conservationists to help landowners and governments to find ways to protect natural resources such as soil and water.

Conservationist Salary: $61,310

Part-time Science Jobs

Lab Technician

It is possible for some lab technicians to work part-time. It is their job to collect samples, study and perform tests, and many others.

Scientific Advisor

Some companies and organizations hire scientific advisors on contractual basis. They can work part-time in providing scientific and technical support on projects that need their expertise.

Middle School Science Teacher

There are online schools that hire part-time teachers to help provide virtual education solutions for students worldwide. Science graduates can use their skills and knowledge in teaching them without having to commit to a rigid on-campus schedules.

Science Writer

Many science graduates can find part-time work as science writers for online journals, magazines, and the like. They focus on writing scientific, research-based articles for educational or promotional literature purposes.

Unique Science Careers

Firework Designer

Chemists are not confined to labs and food industries, concocting formulas for amazing products. They are also needed in a surprising yet interesting industry—firework making. Chemists are the ones who design fireworks using chemicals that emit beautiful colors when heated. Since the chemicals can be reactive and sometimes dangerous, this occupation requires a master’s degree or Ph.D. in chemistry.

Scatologist

In order to study animals including their habits and overall health, scientists study the animals’ excrement. This particular specialization is for scatologists. Their contribution to science lead to advances in human medicine.  

Fermentation Scientist

The process of fermentation made beer, wine, bread, cheese, and yoghurt possible. The study of how the microorganisms are used in the process are spearheaded by fermentation scientists.

Volcanologist

Usually a geology specialist, volcanologists are responsible in predicting the timing and severity of volcanic eruptions. This leads to proper evacuation plans for high-risk volcanic areas.

Forensic Anthropologist

Popular in crime dramas, forensic anthropologists combine two disciplines: forensic medicine and the social sciences. It is their job to help solve crimes by identifying and analyzing human remains that are impossible to be investigated through conventional means.

Storm Tracker

Investigating the science of storms, atmospheric scientists can venture into this highly unusual career that specializes in gathering data regarding severe weather occurrences, from hurricanes and tornadoes to thunderstorms and flash floods.

Travel Science Careers

Epidemiologist

Mostly made up of public health scientists, epidemiologists study the potential causes and patterns of human diseases and injuries. Their job requires them to travel to different locations in order to conduct studies and collect data.

Salary: $70,820

Environmental Scientist and Specialist

Since their work involves protecting the environment and correcting environmental hazards, environmental specialists and scientists need to go to different places for fieldwork and monitoring conditions.

Salary: $68,910

Hydrologist

Focusing their research on bodies of water, hydrologists are required to travel a lot as well, especially to locations along bodies of water. They need to collect samples, observe flooding patterns, and evaluate potential water-related projects.

Salary: $68,910

Wildlife Biologist

Wildlife Biologists are responsible for studying groups and species of animals to learn more about their behaviors and habits. This kind of work requires them to perform their studies in the animal’s natural habitat. They sometimes need to travel outside of the country.

Salary: $60,520

Senior Physicist

Studying the various ways that matter and energy interact, physicists may need to go to different observatories, laboratories, or conferences. 

Salary: $114,870

Why should I earn a science degree?

The field of Science is one of the most exciting and multifaceted career paths. This is because the sciences give one a myriad of great opportunities ranging from discovering new scientific concepts to shaping the minds of the next generation. 

But as exciting and fulfilling as having a career in science can be, it is still quite an undertaking. Not only that, it also takes years of study to fully gain any form of competency in the sciences. So before one even thinks of starting a career in the sciences, it is important to prepared for the arduous years ahead.

Now the main question arises: should you try to earn a science degree? The answer is yes. This is because a career in the sciences cannot be built by a simple high school diploma. It is a field with vast disciplines that require superior knowledge and training. A degree in science will not only allow science graduates to help people with their research. It will also give them the chance to change the entire landscape of the sciences with breakthrough discoveries and findings.

In fact, scientists’ contributions extend beyond research and development to the world of business, industry, teaching, and even in the government. Some of them are forming their own companies and managing businesses. Others are venturing into law practice. Those who join the government are instrumental in formulating policies that are rooted in science. All of these sectors require their employees to have a bachelor’s degree at the very least and can sometimes demand more expertise by choosing those with master’s or doctorate degrees.

A bachelor’s degree in the field of science students you are interested in is their best ticket to a successful and fulfilling career. They will also be expected to have a master’s or a doctorate degree before they can think of advancing any further in their chosen field.

Students who are interested in a career in the sciences should be prepared to do a great deal of study and be ready to look for the best graduate school programs possible.

Earning a science degree is all worth it, especially if one looks at the future. It is hard to imagine a world without science. People from this field are responsible for many things that society and humans in general benefit from every day.

The compensation is also a lot better compared to other degrees. The median wage of many science occupations is more than $65,000 annually, a lot higher than the media wage for all occupations of $38,640.

Having a degree in the sciences will give graduates the boost they need when they start looking for employment. It is the norm for employers to check applicants’ educational attainment. It will also prepare them for their job, where years of learning and training from school can be finally put into practical use.

Who are the best for a career in the sciences?

As exciting as it many sound, not everyone can start a career in the sciences. The field not only need mental acumen, it also requires a great deal of hard work, dedication and perseverance. So before students jump onto this career, they will need to make sure that they have what it takes.

To have a career in the sciences, they must be willing to work long hours and conduct painstaking research work. They should be willing to sacrifice hours and hours of your time to reach their goals, from acing exams, conducting research and experiment, defending their findings, and expanding their knowledge on their chosen field.

One of the very first things students should consider when trying to start a science educational path is their interest and passion. When they want things enough, they tend to work for it. Students who want to major in science must have the desire to study the field and narrow down their interest into a specific specialization.

They must know which branch to take. If they want to be a volcanologist, they should tackle geology. If they want to be a microbiologist, biology is the way to go. But it does not end there. Science students must also have the constant thirst for learning. They need to be diligent in pursuing their passion. There is no time for slacking off when rigid coursework awaits.

Another constantly overlooked qualification for science majors are their inquisitive mind. Are they the type who enjoy exploring something new? Do they think out of the box? Their innate curiosity and inquisitiveness can help a lot throughout their journey in a science degree program.

Their minds need to constantly find new ways to look at things. They must know how to think critically. Aside from that, science majors must appreciate the world around them. They should have the ability to study the phenomena around them through systematic observation and experimentation.

What skills do Science students develop or enhance?

The purpose of education is to develop and enhance students’ knowledge and skills. It is no different when it comes to students taking up a science degree program. It is important for them to develop necessary skills that apply to any branch of science, from chemistry and biology to physics and geology.

Students need to focus on honing these skills because it is integral not only in helping them memorize the scientific method and other science-related type of learning but also letting them see how it works when applied. In science, there is a great need to gather and use knowledge and this can only be done if they have the primary science skills that make the task easier.

The first skill students should develop, and which is always emphasized in many schools, is the enhancement of their scientific literacy through investigative activities. This may involve planning, measuring, observing, analyzing data, designing and evaluating procedures and examining evidence.

Basic Science Skills

Observing

The most important basic science skill, the power of observation is something that every science student should learn and develop. Curiosity is innate in many scientists who often observe what goes on around them and question why. When observing, students use their senses for the purpose of gathering information and discovering something worth noting. Observing and gathering information is essential before one can proceed to drawing conclusions, as both of them can be used as supporting evidence for the latter.

Classifying

A skill built from observation, classifying allows students to separate and sort the data they have gathered. This is important in science studies because not everything students discover is the right answer. They need to be discerning enough to examine and weed out data that won’t add much to their cause.

Inferring

Taking an educated guess is a staple in many scientific cases. It is called an “educated guess” because before arriving to that stage, one has made use of observations. In inferring, students must be able to deduce and conclude based on the previous information they have gathered.

Quantifying

The ability to measure accurately is another science skill that every student needs. This means they should also be knowledgeable in mathematics, the language of measuring. Measuring is an indispensable skill in some scientific situations, like that in chemistry where students need to deal with all sorts of chemicals and materials in accurate measure in order to create a perfect concoction. Accurate measuring provide them with more data that they can use when making better inferences.

Forming Conclusions

In the field of science, conclusion is reached through careful reasoning and experimentation. It is a skill that science students need to develop in order to be more accurate. The outcome of their research and experiments relies on this.

Communicating

As in every other major, communication is an important skill. A good communication skill can help students translate their observation and inferences into oral or written form. Discoveries are meant to be shared with the science community and the world.