In previous years, the most awarded undergraduate degrees were in the areas of communication, journalism, visual and performing arts, engineering, biological and biomedical sciences, psychology, social sciences and history, health sciences, and business. Students pursue these fields to gain access to more and better career opportunities.
In the year 2018 saw a spike in the number of graduate enrollees. With a graduate degree, future professionals can choose to specialize in an area of study that captures their interest. They engage primarily in research and are poised to contribute to the field.
While the numbers are optimistic, graduate students take on a heavy academic load, and many of them keep a full-time job while at it; hence, the struggle. Motivation can only do so much, and it all will start to feel like an obligation in no time.
A Harvard study revealed that graduate students are three times more prone to depression and other mental health issues. Besides their underlying psychological conditions, an inefficient education system, and the lack of support from or communication with professors cause graduate students to drop out. Not to mention the pressure for students to find and keep the type of career that measures up to the effort they put in graduate studies.
To avoid these pitfalls, graduate students must be well prepared. They need to be armed with the right tools, mindset, and knowledge to see through to their graduate degree completion.
Here are some of the most proven tips to make it in graduate school. Explore your options using these page jumps!
Clearly defined goals as to your job outlook, earning potential, and long-term
career prospects will take you back to what your graduate study is all about: a
lot of writing and researching. Specialize in the fields of research that address
your learning preferences and interests. To excel in your academics, adhere to standards,
and examine published studies. Carefully strategize to be good at what you do.
Keep a healthy work-study-life balance.
Ask yourself: can I commit to graduate study without sacrificing life outside school or work?
Graduate study demands A LOT from you. Studying, researching, and
writing eventually become the new normal for agraduate student. With full-time
work on the side, you may find yourself squeezing in academic tasks during the weekend,
on holidays, or after-work hours. However, this kind of lifestyle is not
sustainable. It can cause burnout and esven develop strained relationships with
family, friends, and colleagues.
The lack of support from your friends and family can be damaging. While
you would want to put family, financial obligations, and graduate study in the same
priority level, one of these will have to take a back seat. Get your family involved
in the decision-making process. Allow them to see your goals (and your choice to
enroll in graduate school) from your perspective. Let your family know of your
circumstances and explain what is expected of you as a graduate student. Emphasize that ultimately, you can’t do it
without their support.
Create a budget.
Financial unpreparedness takes you to the losing end. Budget planning before
your enrollment can help you avoid unwanted expenses. Make sure you have sustainable
savings to meet family obligations even with your graduate degree the horizon. Is
your university too far from where you live? To save on travel expenses, consider
an accredited online graduate school. You’ll enjoy the convenience without
compromising the quality of graduate education you acquire.
Opting for government-sponsored scholarships, working for your graduate
institution, or having employers pay for your graduate program are some of the
ways to ease the financial burden. Some teacher assistantships can help you accumulate
credits, which means fewer classes to attend and lower payments to make.
Don’t just survive; thrive.
Get enough exercise, maintain proper nutrition, and get lots of sleep. Only
when you make the right plans will you be able to make these a part of your routine.
Deadlines can be quite a challenge to meet, especially when they overlap with
your other obligations, but you can work around them! Keep a strict schedule to
make time for school, work, socializing, family, and yourself. Communicate with
classmates and faculty members regularly to help you ease the feeling of
isolation that comes with keeping a hectic schedule.
Do not get too overwhelmed.
Are your course requirements becoming too much to handle? Take a step
back and breathe deep. It is normal to be overwhelmed by the truckload of
academic tasks; it’s graduate school, after all!
Redirect your negative thoughts to positive things that help you boost your
confidence. Avoid all forms of distraction, such as social media, on meet-these-deadlines
day. Create a smooth workflow to meet your goals without overlapping your schedules.
Take small but sure steps toward accomplishing your tasks on a daily and weekly
basis, as opposed to getting all those papers done all at once.
Utilize every resource you have.
Graduate school is often the lonely road less taken, but you’re not all
alone in it! Share ideas with other students, talk about your challenges with
them and perhaps, find solutions together. If you’re employed, ask your
colleagues and supervisors for help in data gathering for your graduate thesis.
Talk to your professors if you need academic guidance, direction, or advice.
Focus on the idea or solution.
Just because you’re in graduate school doesn’t mean you love everything
about it. The graduate thesis, for one, involves an arduous process nobody can be
truly prepared for! Conducting mini-experiments, checking out relevant research
publications, and asking for your mentor’s help can all make a difference in
finding the answers. Look for opportunities to solve them, and focus on the end
goal of completing your graduate thesis.
Find a good mentor.
A knowledgeable and supportive mentor can make a difference in your
pursuit of a graduate degree. Find a trustworthy advisor who will provide you
with the right insights, direction, and motivation to keep going despite the odds!
Take an active part in the community.
Getting involved in teaching opportunities (assistantships), research,
and other extracurricular activities integrate your academic studies in real-life
situations. This, in turn, can be helpful in writing, evaluating,
recalibrating, revising your dissertation or graduate thesis. Your active involvement
in these activities is also a plus in your credentials.
Masters and doctorate (Ph.D.) students, also known as graduate students, focus on both the creation and conscientious conduct of substantial research in study programs. They work toward reaching their goals in areas of study that help people understand the human environment and navigate its uniqueness, complexities, and challenges.
In seeking to contribute to their field, graduate students also broaden
their understanding and knowledge. As such, they are highly competent professionals
whom society expects to hold remarkable credentials and exhibit expertise. Businesses
and organizations across all industries consider them assets in the workplace.
Similarly, graduate students also excel in setting up their independent
Here’s our feature on how you can be productive as a grad student:
Who are America’s graduate students? A 2017 study revealed that female students comprised 59% or 1.8 million of the total graduate school enrollment and 41% or 1.2 million male students. Graduate school enrollment rates—including in Master’s and PhDs, and specialized graduate programs—is expected to grow by 3% between 2017 and 2028, with up to 3.1 million enrollees.
Skills for Graduate Study
Graduate school is never easy! It takes dedication and commitment, and
demands a lot from students! If you’re considering graduate study, assess
whether or not you’ve got what it takes:
Good academic standing (to qualify for graduate
Commitment to comprehensive research
Optimism and a keen interest in learning
Curiosity and open-mindedness
Excellent work ethics
Honesty in your work
Patience and perseverance
Reliability and maturity
Critical and analytical thinking
Written and verbal communication skills
Willingness to work with instruments and
Ability to organize tasks or co-supervise others
Ability to work independently and with others
How to be Productive in Graduate School
your niche early on.
Decide on your specialized field or niche in graduate school. During the first year, gain as much experience as you can on research and writing. Keep up with the relevant and latest trends in your specialization. As you move closer to the completion of your graduate study, you’ll become increasingly laser-focused on this niche.
At the undergraduate level, one may have thought that time management
is quite tricky. Graduate school is next-level complex! You need to write,
research, and study most of the time, keep a job (to keep you financially
afloat) and go through the stages of early adulthood all at the same time.
A fundamental rule in graduate school is time management. Study smart, for one. If you are taking an aptitude test, skimming your notes might work. Are you sitting for a written exam? Treat your notes like living documents, and spend more time studying.
up a routine that works.
Whether you’re doing basic research or writing your thesis, make it a
habit to record the number of words you used, and the time spent on these
tasks. You can set a word count target, and give yourself a short break or call
it a day as soon as you reach this goal. You can choose to take it a step
further every time you feel like you can do more.
Trying more routines to help you achieve your academic writing goals
for the rest of the calendar year won’t hurt. Map out the steps you need to
make it to that goal and set your completion timeline.
A seven-year plan, for one, may sound complicated, but it’s a surefire way to cope with the unexpected circumstances in your graduate school journey.
to your mentors and accountability partners.
Graduate students must focus on regular accountability. Talk to someone regarding your plans and schedule a virtual or personal meeting with an accountability partner to see how things are going. Applications like Grid Diary will assist you in making this assessment.
Look for committed mentors or coaches who are genuinely after your success. Mentors should be able to help you become accountable, plan what needs to be done, develop strategies, and resolve issues. They can provide practical advice on your project and boost your confidence.
By writing and publishingarticles frequently, graduate students make themselves stand out in the job market. Being a published author of academic journals is always a plus to your credentials.
Write daily! Research indicates that if graduate students commit at
least 30 minutes a day to writing, they make steady progress towards a writing
target and finish the project quickly. Keep a type of “Ph.D. journal”
to help you conceptualize an explore ideas. Record your achievements, big and
small, as well as reminders for your areas for improvement. This journal should
gets you back on track when you feel like you’ve reached a dead-end.
Journal writing is a bit more personal, so you can freely use your
creativity in it.
professional groups and organizations.
Spend quality time with colleagues, friends, and family. It is a must
for your mental, emotional, and physical health. In school, communicate with your
fellow graduate students. Be part of a system of support and social network
that will have you sharing insights or giving and receiving opinions.
Joining an organization
in your field of graduate study widens your professional network. These networks
can send you to academic conferences, or keep you in exclusive groups that help
you in your academic writing. You can constantly get in touch with them online
or better yet, set up a regular time to meet with them!
Beyond boosting productivity in your academic writing and graduate school work, these tips help you thrive in graduate school:
The importance of sleep, exercise, nutrition cannot be overstated! These
three can significantly and positively impact your health in the long run. Do
you enjoy ice skating, rollerskating, dancing, playing video games, or hiking?
Take the time out to do what will relax you and take your mind off the pressure
of being in graduate school.
For graduate students, pulling an all-nighter to squeeze in more time for studying isn’t uncommon. Remember, however, that lack of sleep may cause all types of health problems, just like inadequate exercise and food can be damaging to your health. Take occasional naps during study breaks to regain your strength.
your lifestyle and academics.
Graduate students deal with a plethora of obligations beyond graduate school. It can be extremely difficult to meet them all while engaging in other rewarding areas of living! Achieving this balance may well be one of the biggest challenges!
Acknowledging the different hats you wear as a student, an employee, a
family member, or a friend is crucial to find that balance. Set your priorities
right and avoid conflicting school, work, or family schedules.
Earning your postgraduate degree opens doors for a more challenging and high-paying career in the future. The latest research says it all. In 2017, female students made up the majority of post-baccalaureate enrollees. As of 2015, women held 60% of baccalaureate degrees and 46% of doctoral degrees, according to the National Science Foundation.
As a woman, you can step up your game by seeking out things that will
help you keep on track. You have come a long way since graduating from college,
but gone are days of partying late or skipping classes. You are now a graduate
student. In this day and age, deciding to pursue education higher than your
bachelor’s degree would require planning, but no one can tell you how to live
your life except for yourself.
Besides tons of flashcards, notebooks, pens, and other school supplies, you have to prepare for other grad school necessities. Graduate school life is slightly different than in college and high school years. Expectations and goals are all greater.
Other than the overwhelming tasks and deadlines, some of the biggest challenges you will encounter are time management, procrastination, lack of support, and even stress from uncertainty and the unknown. As you step forward into the next stage of your life, manage and pace yourself well to reach the finish line.
It won’t hurt to get a few tips and read a guide either to help you overcome the challenges.
But first things first, the stuff every female grad student can’t be without! Check out the top 10 on our list—including the brands and products we believe will get you through in grad school:
Laptops have become an essential tool for completing a graduate program. Ladies will need a sleek, slim, and stylish laptop to help them perform multitasking and finish term papers efficiently. However, it is crucial to look for portability, durability, and performance as a laptop is a major investment. The Acer Swift 7 is the world’s thinnest laptop with only 9.95 mm chassis and weighs 890 grams, so you can carry it in your bag all day along with other school supplies without breaking your back. Not only is it incredibly compact, but it also features a 92% screen-to-body zero-frame display for stunning visuals and presentations. It is known for its efficient mobile performance with the built-in 8th Gen Intel® Core™ i7 processor2 for excellent multitasking and multimedia tasks.
This valuable gadget for every female graduate student is thin and
light but sports a full-size, comfortable keyboard with an integrated
fingerprint power button and a battery life of 12 hours for students on-the-go.
It impresses even more with its Nano Sim slot for a 4g-LTE connectivity/ eSim
technology so you can send essential emails and projects anytime, anywhere. In a
world of overwhelming laptop choices, Acer Swift 7 is one of the best for grad
More often than not, graduate students will find themselves running to
and from classes. That is why backpacks would be a lot helpful and convenient.
A great backpack does not only prevent shoulder and back pain as it evens out
the weight between your shoulders but should also be something that fits every
girl’s personality. It should also display a professional image and have enough
space to keep things well-organized.
Ditch the satchel or large purse, and go for the KOPACK Slim Women Laptop Backpack. This backpack is designed for gals who want a stylish bag that is classy enough for interviews and presentations. Not only will you gush for its pretty color, but this backpack is also created with an anti-theft feature to keep your belongings secure. It has a built-in USB charging slot, so you won’t have to whip out your power bank when your gadgets are low on battery. The backpack has luggage straps, a great weight balance, and it fits any 15” laptop, which is perfect for commuting students. It is slim but has more than ten compartments that keep your documents and other things in place. It’s time to stop about the rainy days or water spilling from your cup because this backpack is waterproof. Lastly, its suitcase-style opening makes for an ideal convertible bag for graduate students.
Doing your best to be on top of your work in grad school may mean attending nighttime classes that lead to late-night cram sessions, sleep deprivation, and all other factors that result in unhealthy habits. Your health should be a priority. Having a smartwatch is a worthwhile investment when it comes to this. In addition to helping you keep track of your sleep and fitness, a smartwatch can also help you keep track of your activities on time. Thus, helping manage stress and time. Grad school ladies will love the chic Fitbit Versa that comes in a variety of bold colors. It’s compact and easy to operate with features for fitness metrics, apps, and notifications at a reasonable price.
The Fitbit Versa features a health tracker for females, along with other third-party apps that you can access with a simple tap. This watch is super slim and casual enough to wear during classes and at work. Its customizable clock face and accessories allow you to wear your watch the way you want it. You can even enjoy playing 2048 despite its tiny screen. You can easily register every move you make, record your classes and appointments, and get yourself some help while you study without the distraction of your smartphone. A smartwatch doesn’t just tell the time. Choosing to have one as a necessary tool may mean an easier student life in the future.
A pair of shoes make or break your overall outfit, but when you’re in
grad school, you need to walk around classrooms or campus often, travel from the
workplace to school, even walk or drive from school to your house. You will
work with different advisors, peers, and audience from whom you get your first impressions.
You can’t go wrong with the right shoes in grad school.
In addition to achieving that professional look, you will need to pay attention to your feet. You will get into presentations every once in a while, so you need a good pair of shoes that won’t hamper your movement while giving the presentation. You can go for well-fitting Black Pumps for a classic look or Statement Heels tailored to your style. Ballet flats also give you that effortlessly polished look if your feet are wobbly when walking with heels. You can slip into flats when your feet are tired or when you’re ready to go home after a long day.
With millions of make-up tutorials on YouTube, it’s challenging to find
the best one that fits your daily routine. You need easy and quick make-up to
make you look presentable and put-together despite the late-night study
sessions. Full-face make-up is not necessary for your daily grad school routine;
what you need to feel confident about your looks is an all-weather concealer!
A concealer covers those dark under-eye circles and blemishes caused by all the stress and sleepless nights. The NYX HD Photogenic Concealer Wand has a variety of shade for every girl’s skin tone. It’s one of the best-value concealers in the market that is easy to apply, spread, and blend. It is formulated to create coverage that gets rid of discoloration and redness. But of course, you only apply concealer to the areas in your face that need it. With a touch of a good concealer (in just under 5 minutes), your beautiful peepers can get even more attractive, and you can take your exams without anybody knowing the graduate school work the previous night had you sleep-deprived.
Getting the best printer means you do not have to go to the library or an internet café to print your notes, research, and assignments. Canon Pixma TS9120 is a perfect pick when you want quality, low price, and a convenient all-in-one printer. This compact printer can handle printing capabilities such as photocopying, scanning, and faxing. It sports top-rated printing speeds that you need for that dreaded term paper deadline and the first-class print quality that delivers vibrant photos with smooth textures and detailed graphics. There are built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth for convenient wireless connectivity to your smartphone or laptop. You can also pop in your SD card for printing.
The Canon Pixma TS9120 is available in 3 different colors, controlled with
an adjustable 5-inch colored touchscreen, comes with six individual cartridges,
is compatible with Google’s Cloud Print and Apple’s AirPrint technology, and
even supports CD/DVD/BluRay disc printing. All of these simplify one aspect of
grad school life— allowing you to print stuff you need while juggling classes
and work. This is an excellent choice for your versatile inkjet printer.
Copy texts from books into your laptop the easy way. A pen-sized scanner is remarkably helpful for students who need to take tons of notes and cover heaps of documents in books. You can use it to scan, save, and transfer selected lines, numbers, passages, images, and hand-written scripts. The IRISPen Air 7 Wireless Digital Highlighter Pen Scanner is a best value pen-sized scanner you can get for less than $100. It covers features like its expensive competitors such as portability, Bluetooth connectivity and MAC, PC, IOS, and Android compatibility. Software and an application are provided for an easy setup with any operating system.
The IRISPen Air 7 is is lightweight, so you can keep it in your bag or
conveniently carry it around in your hand. You can scan almost everything,
convert photos into digital files, depending on its OCR solution that
recognizes more than 130 languages, and a text-to-speech feature. This
technology addresses every girl’s concern in maintaining organized files and
documents. Note-taking has never been this easy, and digital highlighting with
this technology saves you time and money.
Portable Hard Drive
As you head off to grad school, you will need the best tech you can get. Besides your gadgets and other devices, a portable hard drive makes it easier for you to store data for school (or work). Consider storage options for all your thesis, term papers, research, photos, and other essential documents.
The Seagate Expansion BackupPlus Slim is perfect for women who are looking for a pocketable and inexpensive hard drive for grad school. It is only .38 inches thick and weighs about 4.8 ounces. This reliable hard drive supports 1tb-2tb storage capacity and has a Sync Plus tool that backs up files with just one click. It comes in different bright colors and styles to match your academic look. It’s lightweight and fits even in the smallest purse.
Whether it is for a presentation or pleasure, you are going to read “a lot” of books in grad school. Pick up or download a bunch of books you need for your graduate program or your daily dose of great novels and fiction.
Thanks to Amazon Rentals, you can explore textbooks on the cheap! How does it work? You choose your rental length and pay for a rental duration selected. Amazon provides you a preview and a seven-day trial to some books. They also offer Free 2-day shipping when you sign up for either an Amazon Student or Prime account, Free Return Shipping, and 15-Day Extension and Discounts for extra semesters. Since it supports different sellers, Amazon has a wide variety of book selections and give the best pricing for each book. You might find yourself puzzled with Amazon’s rental rules at first; you have to review them thoroughly to enjoy this service.
Self-Care Essentials and Practices
It’s not unusual for modern women to have a lot on their plate. Busy
schedules could result in neglecting self-care. The most important thing you
need for surviving graduate school is self-care. Yes, there will be nights you
won’t get enough sleep for doing coursework, writing dissertations, working
with a research team, long hours at the lab, and thesis, but you need to take
care of yourself, keep your sanity and well-being.
Getting an advanced degree could be demanding especially with a job outside the program. Use self-care strategies to manage stress and avoid burnout. You should nourish your mind and body to fuel you throughout your grad school life. A fail-proof self-care practice is eating healthy and drinking lots of water to keep you hydrated. Make sure you get the basics like exercise, sleep, and even social time. Manage your time to keep all these tabs checked. Connecting with family and friends is integral to your well-being. It’s alright to ask for help and build a community that will help you get through tough times and talk about something that is not school-related. The Confidence Code may be the food for thought you never knew you needed!
The field of design is broad and complex, with several branches of
specializations. The majority of students choose to start their design degree
with a core curriculum as they mold and aim for their professional and academic
goals. Design is present everywhere – physical forms, photographs,
illustrations, virtual spaces, and graphics are evident in our daily lives.
Design degrees explore the diversity of the creative field or industry and
enable students to develop strong artistic capabilities and knowledge while
discovering their expertise.
Enrolling in a design-related degree program is challenging but
rewarding. It takes three to five years to finish the program. The set of
coursework found in the design degree equips students with an ideal combination
of theoretical and practical background and skills essential to the field of
design. Design majors enroll courses in different areas of study, such as
studio art, modeling, typography, art history, computer programming, drafting,
and many more things.
For students who have a creative flair, a design degree could open up
several career opportunities to put their musical knowledge and skills to use commercially.
There are a variety of disciplines to choose from – graphic design, fashion
design, game design, interior design, or web design.
Design degrees tend to have fewer discussions or lectures compared to
other academic degrees such as History, English, and Science. Students need to
attend plenty of workshops, design conferences and seminars where they will be
taught in an exclusive group, discover new skills, and collaborate with other
design majors, integrating a much more practical and hands-on approach to
Design as a Degree
Design degree programs can either be wide, narrow, or a combination of
both when it comes to its concept of learning. There are several
specializations to choose, including animation, computer game design, furniture
design, theatre design, graphic design, product design, textiles, fashion
design, and jewelry design, among others.
Each college and university have a different approach to its design
degree programs. Key components of the bachelor’s degree program include
graphic layout, computer-aided design, 3D materials and technologies, typography,
and film making. Design degree programs teach students the fundamentals of
design—from learning how to draw with accuracy through the computer or by hand
up to design theories. Some schools concentrate on the detailed understanding
of design theories, while others emphasize the practical elements of design.
Types of Design Degree Programs
Associate’s Degree in Design
Most vocational schools and community colleges offer 60-credit hour
programs in Design. Depending on the students’ pace of learning, they can
complete this degree in two years. This degree can help students prepare for an
immediate career in the design industry or prepare them for a bachelor’s
degree. Students will learn introductory foundational background in essential
visual art techniques, and they will gain in-depth knowledge of art history and
concepts. The set of coursework typically consists of liberal arts and
humanities areas of study.
Some schools offer advanced studies in a variety of Design fields such
as Graphic Design or Fine Arts and Multimedia. As a result, students will have
the chance to build their portfolios that are key to landing careers. With an
associate’s degree, students who finish this degree program are qualified to
work as a freelance graphic artist, printing technician, multimedia animator,
or even a photographer’s assistant. The courses that will be taken in the
associate’s degree program includes computer-aided drafting, introduction to
art history, drawing and illustration, design principles, sculpture, and
painting, among others.
Bachelor’s Degree in Design
A Bachelor’s in Design provides an introductory background in visual
media, art techniques, and art history as well as more extensive learning of
the students’ chosen area of specialization. This degree program is typically
completed in a minimum of four years depending on the students’ education
timeline, with 120-credit hours required for completion. Fine Arts majors will
have the opportunity to refine their techniques, familiarity with human anatomy
and inanimate things, and an appreciation for art history in watershed format.
Graphic Arts majors will learn creative and professional ways in technology,
best practices, and concepts.
A similar setup is applicable for students majoring in photography,
fashion design, animation, video game design, publication layout, interior
decorating, or any other subdisciplines of the design field. The majority of
subdisciplines provide practical skills and theoretical knowledge to develop
students’ skills and capabilities. Students will build the portfolios of their
works that will be ultimately shown to potential employers for a thriving career
in the field of design. The bachelor’s degree in Design is a practical choice
that will provide students the immediate access to several career
opportunities. Sample courses under this degree program include 3D drawing, art,
and new media, sculptures and ceramics, color and design, basics of design
computer, integration of art and design, and foundation in art history among
Master’s Degree in Design
A master’s degree program in Design is a suitable option for students
who want to become art directors, art historian, restoration specialist, or a
museum curator. It is also the right choice for students who wish to become
professors in the university or an art instructor. This one to two-year-degree
programs will immerse students to become fully equipped with the knowledge and
skills in the chosen area of concentration. A master’s degree program prepares
students’ way of becoming a Ph.D. student in Design. Courses under this level
include critical theory, contemporary issues in art, advanced studies in art
history, typographic methods, and digital photography editing, to name a few.
Doctorate in Design
Students who wish to work in the research field or become educators in
universities or colleges have the option to earn a Ph.D. in Design. Also, it is
valuable for people who are interested in working in advance institutions such
as foundations, museum administrative offices, reputable art associations,
societies, or art collectives. They can also become advisers to a mentor to
complete a research or dissertation work on a specific topic.
Between Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) and Bachelor of Science (BS) in Design
Bachelor of Fine Arts in Design is solely intended for students who want to become art professionals. This degree is integrated with a range of humanities and liberal arts studies.
The Bachelor of Science in Design is suitable for students who intend to combine design and drafting skills for a career in the architecture field. Moreover, it provides educational preparation for advanced studies.
Design is a vast field that choosing a concentration can be challenging.
The array of choices for design is immense, and while design degree programs
offer opportunities in the future, it can be tough to choose which is best for
Typography and Calligraphy
Students who love typography are ideal people who choose this type of
specialization. They can earn excellence income by selling customized pieces or
fonts, creating small print projects such as greeting cards, wall decors, and
other print business. Also, they can design typefaces for applications and
websites. Take as many courses related to this design medium and hone skills by
constant practice. Students can even earn income while they are still studying
by making custom work for friends, families, or clients.
Mobile Application Design
Today, technology has undergone tremendous changes in the last 20 years.
Several mobile applications are developed daily. This is an excellent
specialization to consider for designers who want to earn a good income from
this industry and have an in-depth interest in mobile applications. There is no
need to program these designs through complex algorithms or code; however,
students must only learn user interface design to venture this field. There are
several online tutorials to help students improve their craft for a career in
mobile app design and to keep them updated with the latest trends in mobile
Print Media and Publication
Print designs, marketing, and digital artwork are still popular nowadays,
despite the world going digital. They come from numerous applications such as
marketing campaigns, newspapers, print advertisements, flyers, and magazine
layouts. Students who earn this specialization can work either as a freelance
print designer or in a publication company.
Film and Video
Students who have a passion for video editing, film making, or even
artistic productions can significantly benefit by taking up a concentration in
film and video. They learn how to use technical software applications to create
promotional content from video footages. Furthermore, they hone their skills in
editing clips or videos that trims down footages into segments, frames for
audio, and organizing raw content into a masterpiece.
With the increasing demand for online presence, iconography can be a
challenging yet lucrative field. Icon design is essential for mobile
applications, products, and website applications; therefore, high demand for
such specialization is an excellent option to consider. It requires expertise
in photography and fine art, integrating the authenticity and creativity of
User Interface Animation
Students who love animation and user interface animation can consider
this type of specialization. It is one of the most challenging specializations
of design that requires constant upkeep and creativity. However, working with
movie production or even with mobile application user interface design can help
students land in lucrative career opportunities.
Furniture, color schemes, functionality, aesthetics, lighting, or even
flooring, revolves the career of students who choose this concentration. Their
work mostly consists of all the elements that make up a room or a building.
Students learn how to sketch their ideas or use design software applications
and later on work with engineers, builders, and architects who bring their
masterpiece to life.
Students who love to design accessories and new clothing choose fashion
design as their primary area of study. They learn how to sketch their designs
on papers. Also, they know the textiles, color combinations, and raw materials
to determine the final product of their collection. They study fashion trends
by attending fashion shows and designer events as well as review magazines to
Design Degree Program: Online or Traditional?
There are several associate’s, bachelor’s and master’s degree programs
in design online, which you can enroll, whether full-time or part-time. Online
design colleges or universities are popular options for working professionals
since it is more convenient to fit their coursework around their tight
schedule. Programs like multimedia design, animation, and web design can be
completed 100% because of the nature of the coursework. As such, learning
materials and design assignments can be completed online. On the other hand,
some specializations involving lithography, woodworking, fashion design, and
painting require on-campus attendance since there is a need to access design
studios and materials to get the most out of this degree.
Enrolling in the traditional on-campus learning setup is advised for
students who need more guidance and structure while making most out of the
resources found in the academic institutions. Online design degree programs are
suitable for individuals who are independent self-starters and motivate
themselves despite handling additional responsibilities to earn their degrees
on their own. Another advantage of taking the design degree in a completely
online format is students will likely to save money by eliminating additional
expenses from transportation, housing, art studio fees, parking, and meals from
Financing Your Design Education
Earning a Design degree does not have to be impossible and scary, especially
if there are several opportunities to finance students’ design education.
The first step towards searching for financial aid assistance should be applying for the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or known as FAFSA. Design students can ask for financial help through FFEL Loans, Stafford Loans, PLUS Loans, Direct Loans, and other private companies that offer loan services for education assistance. These loans must be settled within six months after earning the degree with interest and as such, settling these accounts will immediately save students the inconvenience of paying heavily rated fees.
On the other hand, numerous financial aid support opportunities do not
require repayment. The U.S. federal government offers more than 1,000 federal
grant programs such as FSEOG, Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grants, and PELL.
Students may consider a federal work-study program (FWS) to earn income for
on-campus job opportunities and pay their education expenses. Each academic institution
has dedicated Financial Aid Support Systems that readily helps students
regarding their tuition fees and education expenses.
Money-saving scholarships, whether merit-based or need-based, are
commonly recognized as gift aid or grants for providing free tuition assistance
that doesn’t require to be repaid. They are one of the major tuition resources
funding that offers millions of dollars to deserving students each year. Several
organizations offer them; ask your school’s financial aid office for
design-related scholarships for you.
Design Career Pathways, Information,
Choosing a design degree can open several opportunities for different
creative career pathways with a lucrative income. The majority of the people
associate design degree holders as sketch artists, painters, furniture makers,
printmakers, sculptors, graphic designers, musicians, and jewelry makers.
However, the options are not limited to these fields as there are other
high-paying careers such as web designers, interior designers, multimedia
artists, industrial designers, art directors, and screenwriters. Therefore, a
design-related degree is a wise investment for anyone looking for unleashing
their creative capacity.
A highly popular design-related career is Graphic Design.
These people have the talent to create designs for product illustrations,
websites, marketing materials, and brand identities using computer software
applications such as Adobe Creative Suite. They work independently as
freelancers, for a company or in an agency. Graphic designers earn a median pay
of $50,370 per year or $24.21 per hour, according to the Bureau of Labor
Interior designers work with interior spaces in
rooms, residential homes, corporate buildings, condominiums, coffee shops,
restaurants, and other establishments. Their work mainly revolves on flooring,
lighting, color schemes, furniture, interiors, and other elements of design
that make up a room or building. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics,
interior designers earn %53,370 per year or $25.66 per hour, with 66,500 jobs
generated since 2016.
Art directors communicate and manage a team of
design professionals that work in various settings such as public relations
agency, magazines, advertising, or internet-based publications. They earn
$92,780 per year or $44.60 per hour, according to the Bureau of Labor
People who love the fashion industry and love to
make their collections enjoy working as a fashion designer. They provide sample
garments to agents, stylists, and creative directors in the hopes of showcasing
their collections in magazines and publications. They work in apparel
companies, design firms, wholesale, or retail manufacturing establishments, or
their clothing line. Fashion designers earn $72,720 per year or $34.96 per
People who work as animators create animations and
special effects for video games, movies, series and other forms of 2D or 3D
media. They work with a team of artists and animators to bring their ideas to
reality using computer software applications. They earn $72,520 per year or
$34.87 per hour.
Various design-related degrees could establish a career in the following
Marketing and Branding
Film & Television Production
In this era of computers, these top modern-day Design specializations are on high demand:
UX (User Experience) Design
UI (User Interface) Design
Video Game Design
Multimedia Art & Animation
10 Common Design
Salary: $50,370 per year
Education Requirement: In the past, becoming a graphic designer
required a unique portfolio only. Nowadays, clients and employers look for
candidates who are well-educated and hold at least a bachelor’s degree in Graphic
Design programs. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in a different field
may gain graphic design skills from enrolling to courses in art and design. A
creative portfolio is still expected and will help you get hired for the job.
To keep up with the fast-changing technology and keep a well-rounded skill set,
graphic designers acquire certifications and training as well.
Salary: $53,370per year
Education Requirement: While a degree is not a strong need to become an interior designer, most interior design companies prefer candidates with a bachelor’s degree. Degree programs in interior design or a program in a related field with coursework in computer-aided design (CAD), drawing, lighting design, and visual design are acceptable. Prospective interior design students may consult with either the Council for Interior Design Accreditation or the National Association of Schools of Art and Design for accredited design schools and institutions.
Salary: $72,720per year
Education Requirement: The
competitive world of the fashion industry now typically requires a minimum of an
associate’s or a bachelor’s degree in fashion design. These programs may be
combined with another major such as marketing, business, or fashion
merchandising. Fashion designers are expected to be well-versed with textiles,
fabrics, ornamentation, and keep abreast with fashion trends. Hands-on training
and internships are essential in learning skills and acquiring valuable
experiences. Aspirant fashion designers looking for accredited schools and
institutions with top tier fashion design programs may see them on the National
Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD) list.
Education Requirement: The
education needed to be a film or video editor starts with a bachelor’s degree. Aside
from experience and industry connections, film or video editors get into the
industry because they have a bachelor’s degree in film studies, video
production, communications technology, or audiovisual communication. They begin
their careers as assistants or apprentice editors and work through many
experiences to become a lead editor. A master’s degree helps them prepare for
more job prospects and stay atop the industry.
Multimedia Artists and Animators
Salary: $72,520per year
Education Requirement: According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, most employers prefer multimedia artists and animators who hold a bachelor’s degree in any program that offers coursework on two- or three-dimensional designs, new media, digital arts, computer animation, and graphic design. These programs may be computer graphics, art, and design. Multimedia artists and animators work to increase their accomplishments and typically earn a master’s degree to move to a higher position in the company.
Education Requirement: Typically,
advertising designers hold a bachelor’s degree in Graphic or Advertising
Design, Advertising, or Marketing. Some advertising designers begin their
career with an associate’s degree, but earning a bachelor’s degree helps them
land jobs and develop more portfolio of their work. You can obtain a good list
of high-quality art schools and institutions with good advertising programs from
the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD) site.
Salary:$34,000 per year
Education Requirement: Education programs for prospective photographers would depend on their career goals. Some employers take a high school diploma, but some industries require higher education. Say if you want to work for photojournalism or forensic photography industry, then an associate’s degree in Photography might be enough for some companies or some clients. A bachelor’s degree in Photography provides you with more workshops and lets you explore the logistical and technical aspects of the field. For the reason that technology is continuously upgrading especially in photography, one must be able to advance by learning new skills and techniques. Professional certificate programs are available to help you, and these are offered by the Professional Photographers of America.
Salary: $66,590 per year
Education Requirement: Aspiring
industrial designers may be required to have a bachelor’s degree in Industrial
and Product Design, Engineering, Advertising Art, Packaging Science, Visual
Design, and related fields. Coursework should have either computer-aided design
(CAD) or computer-aided industrial design. Additionally, earning a master’s
degree will help build a strong professional portfolio of designs that will
demonstrate skills and help bid contracts for work.
User Experience Designer
Education Requirement: The least degree you can earn to get a job as a UX designer is an associate’s degree in the fields of Visual Design, Communications, Computer Science, and even in Psychology. There is no specific degree for UI/UX designers. Also, many employers prefer a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree. So, developing advanced skills still brings more significant benefits. You can also further build your knowledge and skills by getting into certificate programs. The Interaction Design Foundation offers excellent certificate programs targeting interaction design, computer science, information architecture, user experience, and design.
Craft and Fine Artist
Salary:$48,960 per year
Education Requirement: High school
classes in the art may help you with essential skills such as drawing, sewing, painting,
and woodworking but to get sufficient skills, you need either a bachelor’s or
master’s degree in fine arts. These degrees should be obtained from accredited
colleges and universities. The National Association of Schools of Art and
Design (NASAD) has a complete list of accredited schools and institutions who
offer art and design programs. Independent academies of art and design also
offer art programs, certifications, and training.
Creative Directors plan, oversee, and manage the creative process of all
projects. They are the leads at advertising agencies or marketing companies. They
are responsible for guiding their creative teams, which include directors,
designers, and copywriters. Depending on the company’s goals, the role of
creative directors may change. Working with the team to produce creative ideas,
overseeing client pitches and proposals, meeting with clients or upper
management, reviewing work, and providing feedback to the group are some of the
responsibilities creative directors hold. This position needs ample experience
that runs from five to eight years. Problem-solving and project-management
skills are essential.
Creative Director Salary: $132,770 per year
Furniture designers develop and produce designs for items and different
kinds of furniture. Some of these creative individuals work for the mass
production of furniture and may even work for branded pieces. There are two
kinds of furniture designers. Independent furniture designers work a commission
basis and create designs without having to depend on clients. Commercial
furniture designers create their designs based on the company’s goals and target
market. Responsibilities of furniture designers are preparing detailed plans,
using software packages, evaluating ordering and manufacturing of furniture,
attending workshops, and staying abreast of design trends and developments.
Furniture Designer Salary: $111,441 per year
The challenge of product designers is to take broad ideas and make them
functional and straightforward items or products. These products are used in
our daily lives, may they be industrial or consumer goods. Product designers do
not only design new products but also improve how existing products work. They
have to work and collaborate with engineers, marketing, and manufacturing teams
as well. Responsibilities may include analyzing the development process of new
products, developing a comprehensive specification and documentation necessary
to other teams, presenting drafts through sketches, storyboards and
architecture blueprints, producing prototypes, testing the functionality of products,
and gathering feedback from clients, upper management, engineering, and other
teams. The work environment for product designers is usually in bright studios
Product Designer Salary:
$106,766 per year
Design managers drive efficiency and manage a team of design, graphics,
and drafts team or department. These managers are tasked to develop design
strategies, ensure technical resources are utilized efficiently, oversee
quality checking and approval procedures are observed, coordinate with other
teams and various parties of production and design, escalate the potential
issue to the upper management, and lastly, track and evaluate the feedback of
design performance. They work standard office hours and full-time.
Design Manager Salary: $94,926
Art directors generally have to manage a team of designers working on a
creative project for visual styles and images in the fields of film and
television, publishing, marketing, product packaging, web design and more. Art
directors have responsibilities to meet with clients to discuss brand
objectives and target, hire and train designing staff, collaborate with other
teams in the art department in developing creative visual elements, establish
budgets and timelines, research market trends and consumer need, and track
campaign performance. Most employers look for a master’s degree for this
position. Art directors usually work in a fast-paced environment and have very
high social interaction skills since they work with customers and client staff
regularly. They have to work under pressure to meet deadlines every week or
Art Director Salary: $92,780 per
User Experience Designer
User experience designers’ main concern is how a particular product
“feels.” They have to possess a strong empathy for the user and have excellent
analytical abilities to identify user needs and solve problems. These are
possible through research and testing. UX designers are responsible for
developing wireframes and task flows premised on user needs, understanding
product specification and user psychology, develop prototypes based on customer
needs, create a strategic design on new functions and features, collaborate
with other designers and developers, and gather feedback after conducting
tests. They must be experts in standard UX software like Sketch, Framer, OmniGraffle,
InVision, UXPin, and Balsamiq.
User Experience Designer Salary:
$90,697 per year
Architects design residential and commercial buildings and the spaces
around them. They plan, design, and oversee the construction. They may also
restore and redesign old or existing buildings to make room for new facilities.
Their tasks may include developing ideas based on client specification and
needs, produce detailed blueprints, ensure budget and timelines are met,
coordinate with contractors, do site visits, and attend regular meetings with
other colleagues and professionals involved in the construction or project.
Most of them work in offices with occasional visits to clients and project
location. Employers may vary from private construction companies, government
agencies, and other organizations.
Architect Salary: $77,799 per year
Advertising designers develop ideas for advertisements and work to
bring these advertisements to life and different channels. These advertisements
can involve television, web content, print, newspapers, magazines, books, or
promotional giveaways. This is done by creating or choosing eye-catching designs
through visual concepts comprised of shapes, drawings, computer-generated
objects, or photographs. Other design team members may also produce these
concepts, so coordination and interaction are essential to this job.
Advertising designers work to sell a product or service. They have to do market
research on customer needs, edit and manipulate presentations according to the
client’s needs, and determine which layout or design will be most appealing to
Advertising Designer Salary: $73,182
Fashion designers have a strong sense of aesthetics, a sense of balance
and proportion, and a keen eye for color and detail. They design and assist in
the production of clothing range, shoes, and accessories. Some may work as a
generalist while some prefer to specialize in an area like women’s wear,
sportswear, haute couture, high-street fashion, menswear, and more. They decide
what color, style, size, fabrics, and trims to work on. Their responsibilities
include creating an idea and developing a design, planning and formulating
ranges, coordinating with other members of the team, reviewing product or
style, presenting mood boards or storyboards to potential clients and lastly,
keeping track of the latest trends on fashion.
Fashion Designer Salary: $72,720 per year
Multimedia Artists and Animator
Multimedia artists and animators, through the use of multiple technologies,
create animation, special effects, and other visual images for television,
movies, video games, and different sorts of media. The animations are usually
created in a two- or three-dimensional models. Multimedia artists and animators
are tasked to develop sophisticated graphics and animation through computer
programs and illustrations. They manipulate light, color, shadow, movements,
and texture of an object to make characters appear real. Applying story
development, creating storyboards, working with other team members, research on
upcoming projects, and meeting with clients, directors, actors, other designers
to check timelines and update on deadlines are some of the responsibilities of
multimedia artists and animators. Motion picture agencies and video industries
hire most of them while some are employed by software publishers, advertising
agencies, and related services.
Multimedia Artists and Animators
Salary: $72,520 per year
Video producers are leaders who are in charge of getting things done in
a film or video production. They must possess the creative ability and as well
as strong entrepreneurial skills. Video producers work on the project from
start to finish. They begin with selecting artistic elements for multimedia
content, then hire editors, actors, stylist, videographers, and other team
members needed for the production team. Once video producers organize the crew
and staff, they then delegate specific tasks to each of them. Video producers
also have to ensure that the projects are kept within the budget, actualize
expenses, secure business and location permits, plan video shoots and
schedules, record and edit video projects, and even write scripts or design
graphics. To become a video producer, one must hold a long-term experience in
Video Producer Salary: $71,680 per year
Interior Design Project Manager
Interior design project managers primarily oversee the project from conception to completion. They are responsible for planning, budgeting, organizing, and execution of the project. Their ultimate goal is to ensure the safety and welfare of the clients who will occupy the space they are working on. They have to make decisions, delegate tasks to interior designers and other members of the team, consult with clients about the area, design, and other preferences. They also need to ensure that the execution of the project adheres to the building code, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and that preparation of contracts for clients approval is carried out.
Interior Design Project Manager
Salary: $68,119 per year
Industrial designers work with other industry professionals in creating and manufacturing industrial products like home appliances, toys, cars, sports equipment, materials, and supplies. They have to hold a formal education and apply art, business, and engineering techniques to create or design such products. Industrial designers should develop designs by sketching, rendering, and prototypes. They have to regularly do meetings with other professionals like engineers and other designers to help them with the decision-making process. Other tasks include identifying manufacturing partners and resources, continuously developing new ideas and design, evaluating the feasibility of plans, and maintaining expertise on product design ensuring adherence to International Organization of Standardization and Good Manufacturing Practice.
Industrial Designer Salary: $66,590 per year
Graphic Design Manager
These senior-level employees are responsible for supervising a graphics
design team in an organization or company. Graphic design managers oversee the
development of designs, concepts, and layouts. They have to present these
design projects to stakeholders or the upper management for support and
approval. They have to delegate tasks to art designers, graphic designers,
production designers, and other professionals needed in the execution of the
project. Like most managers, they need to meet with clients or art directors to
prepare and know their preferences on the project. Product logos, websites, and
illustrations are the essential elements in the execution of the project.
Ensuring organized and up-to-date files are maintained, training and mentoring
junior designers, and ensuring strict adherence of design guidelines are some
of the other responsibilities of graphic design managers.
Graphic Design Manager Salary: $63,503 per year
Motion Graphic Designers
Graphic designers develop designs through visuals, while motion graphic
designers do the same with movement. Animators present concepts through a
storyline while motion graphic designers give life to ideas or elements that
usually don’t have any. Motion graphic
designers create elaborate designs for a broad array of media such as the web,
television, smartphones, and electronic devices. They also collaborate with
editors, producers, and other designers to work on a project and solve
technical issues. Research and analysis on best techniques for motion graphics,
maintaining best practices in organizing files, versioning control, and naming
convention, being knowledgeable about the current graphic designs are some of
the tasks and responsibilities they need to handle.
Motion Graphic Designer Salary: $63,373 per year
Apparel Technical Designers
Apparel technical designers have become essential members of the
fashion industry. They primarily take over a new design idea and work to ensure
that products meet brand standards. They see to it that garments or accessories
align with product specifications. Designers with pattern-making skills are best
qualified for this job. Apparel technical designers have to engage in quality
control by attending product fittings, ensure specific characteristics for the
brand like displaying the company’s logo, work and coordinate with advertising
and marketing teams to produce effective advertisement on the product. Making a
recommendation about pattern improvements, consulting pattern makers in
creating new designs, and maintaining documentation for pattern designs are all
part of an apparel technical designer’s tasks.
Apparel Technical Designer
Salary: $61,317 per year
Set and Exhibit Designer
Set and exhibit designers work to design special exhibits and physical
sets for movies, television, and theater sets. To do this, they have to
collaborate with directors, writers, and research team to identify appropriate
styles and setup. They may also have to read scripts and do research on
architectural styles to get more ideas on what the final set design should be. Their
tasks may include estimating set-related costs, including construction and
materials, selecting appropriate furniture, and designing wall and floor
coverings. They also prepare the floor plans and delegate specific work such as
sketching and illustrating. They incorporate security systems into exhibit
layouts. Group discussions and meetings are essential in this job. Set and Exhibit Designerswork either in an office-style or warehouse-style
Set and Exhibit Designer Salary:
$61,020 per year
Digital design is a specialty in graphic design. This may include
multimedia presentations, email and web ads, social media collateral, digital
signage, pitch decks, and more. Digital designers mainly apply graphic design
principles in creating digital graphic communication. Their responsibilities
may include designing and developing microsites, electronic media, and rich
text emails, design HTML email and newsletter, collaborate with digital
photographers and illustrators, and finally, staying up to date with the
digital trends. Digital designers must be knowledgeable with HTML coding,
Flash, InDesign, Illustrator, and other software packages essential to digital
Digital Designer Salary: $59,698 per year
Illustrators create original pieces of artwork through still drawings
for the advertisements published in books, magazines, packaging, greeting cards,
and newspapers. Illustrators either work on various projects or focus on one
area. It is crucial for these creative professionals to know and understand the
target audience and the concept of art appropriate for these audiences. They
have to seek approval from the upper management or even stakeholders before
working on the final idea for the project. Other responsibilities may include
refining designs using illustration software, setting budget and timeline,
ensuring the color and quality standards are met, formatting images through
computer-aided design software, and keeping track with new designs and
software. Some illustrators work either home or in a studio.
Illustrator Salary: $58,370 per year
Textile designers design and create patterns for knitted, printed, and
woven textiles. The textile design may include clothing and accessories,
fabrics and furnishings, upholstery, and even industrial equipment. Some
textile designers may be involved with a variety of textile while some work in
a specialty area. They produce sketches
and samples for presentation to customers, upper management or stakeholders,
assessing production standards, use software applications for print machines,
identify color arrangements, source fabrics, and materials, attend trade shows
and exhibits, ensure projects are completed on time and budget, and keep up to
date on textile design trends. Most textile designers may have to work extra
hours for meetings. Textile designers are mostly found in factories, smart
design studios, or at the office.
Textile Designer Salary: $58,334 per year
Sculptors create three-dimensional pieces using stone, wood, plaster, marble,
concrete, metal, and even blocks of ice. They design and construct their artwork
using techniques and methods in carving, metalworking, whittling, chiseling, or
shaping. They utilize tools such as chisels, mallets, gouges, and other hand
tools to create the object. Most sculptors work freelance and do not have to
depend on someone else. Some work for commission-based pay and make a piece for
a person or a company. They may also
teach sculpting, reach out to galleries to showcase their work, and select
materials for new projects.
Sculptor Salary: $57,520 per year
Jewelry designers are professionals who were trained to design and make
jewelry using a variety of materials such as gems, stones, precious metals, and
crystals. These trained professionals create accessories for the ears, neck,
hands, feet, and toes. They may create these accessories for mass production or
produce a few of them for clients. They have to discuss client’s range of
options, sketch out ideas by hand, 3D modeling, 3D construction or using
computer-aided design (CAD) software, adjust to mount to ensure a perfect fit,
and meet client expectations. Working hours for employed jewelry designers are
typically regular and do not require shifts while freelance jewelry designers
have the flexibility to work hours that suit them.
Jewelry Designer Salary: $57,485 per year
Interior designers work to set up interior spaces by making them functional,
safe, and aesthetic. They determine space requirements, select colors, light,
and furniture to set up a room, read blueprints, and are well informed with
building codes and inspection regulations. They are responsible for defining
project requirements, sketching preliminary designs, sourcing materials, and
furnishings, preparing final plans, ensuring client expectations are met,
producing samples and mood products, and collaborating with other designers,
architects, engineers, and constructors. Research about industry changes and
trends are also essential to succeed in this type of job.
Interior Design Salary: $53,370 per year
Video editing is crucial in the entertainment and marketing industry. It
puts all shots into their proper sequence and gives the perfect flow of the
film. The primary responsibility of film and video editors is to edit and
assemble recorded raw materials, videos, graphics, audio and texts into a
qualified finished product ready for transmission, advertisement, broadcasting
or distribution. Film and video editors arrange footage and match sound files,
decide which shots are kept and which ones make the cut, add graphics and
titles, capture studio-quality photographs and videos, work with other member
of the creative team, present final product to the management or producers, and
manage all aspects of recording and editing. Film and video editors make use of
editing software to produce films that suit the audience expectations or
Film/Video Editor Salary: $50,584 per year
Videographers operate video cameras and other related equipment in
capturing important events, production of video documentaries, scouting video,
and production of television programs. They wear more than one hat. They can be
directors, sound man, and editor. Videographers may direct people to capture
certain angles and actions, edit these captured videos, and use audio mixing and
lighting equipment for field or studio productions. They are responsible for
completing preventive maintenance reports on videos and other production
equipment, negotiating to price with clients and tracking time and schedule
spent in shooting, directing, editing and post-production process.
Videographer Salary: $50,584 per year
Graphic designers create visual concepts for print, digital, and mobile
platforms. Their job may vary widely depending on what type of project they
need to work on. Graphic designers establish a working relationship with
clients to determine their goals, budget, and expectations. They also develop design
ideas and layouts for product illustrations, logos, and websites. They prepare drafts
and sketches based on the client’s preference and work with the creative
directors and the marketing team to decide on the final design. Graphic
designers are typically hired by advertising agencies, large print companies,
multimedia companies, and television and broadcasting companies.
Graphic Designer Salary: $50,370
An art professor’s career falls under a broad category. Art professors
not only teach art classes but also include drama and music classes. These
professionals are also artists who contribute to the knowledge and skills
acquired by undergraduate and graduate students. They work in colleges and
universities, and most of them are tenured and are awarded a lifetime of
employment. They can also teach art history, the basic principles of art, and
art restoration. They supervise and assist students in their artwork, encourage
creativity, and provide feedback and evaluation on student’s performance. If
they are not in the classrooms, you can find them in art studios.
Art Professor Salary: $49,465 per year
Craft and Fine Artist
Most craft and fine artists try to work with art away from traditional methods
like sculpting, painting, or drawing. They produce or reproduce hand-made
objects by using a variety of techniques for sale and exhibition. Materials or
objects used may be glassware, textiles, pottery, metal, and wood. Craft and
fine artists create pieces that are designed to be functional. These
professionals shape, cut or join materials, use visual techniques for color,
space, composition, and perspective, select which materials to use, create
sketches and templates or models to guide their work, and display their work at
auctions and galleries.
Craft and Fine Artist Salary: $48,960 per year
Production artists are tasked to evaluate the final product or design.
Aside from collecting, processing and uploading files, production artists
review final copy or content in print or digital form. They ensure that the client’s
expectations are met by checking standards in color, font, production quality,
and more. They have to possess skills in graphic design and fine arts as these
will help complete a great deal of work. They have to put finishing touches,
change the layout, get rid of redundancy in the final product, catch typos,
spot size, resolution, and font errors. Getting into this job means being under
constant pressure and deadline. They are expected to know how specific software
work, such as Dreamweaver, Microsoft Project, and Macromedia Flash.
Production Artist Salary: $47,563 per year
Kitchen and Bath Designer
Kitchen and bath designers are interior designers who specialize in
designing kitchens and bathrooms. Before materials are bought, kitchen and bath
designers have to visit the site and do a survey while communicating with
clients. They have to ensure that clients approve of the patterns, color,
design, and materials they have proposed. Their responsibilities include
planning a layout by using sketches and blueprints, be involved in sourcing,
purchase, freight, and delivery, handle a team of designers for large-scale
projects, ensuring the project is completed on time and kept within the budget,
and looking after the documentation and files of all the phases of project
Kitchen & Bath Designer
Salary: $35,060 per year
Part-time Design Jobs
Photo retouching refers to making some changes on the photos that need
to be improved, and they manipulate the looks of the subject of the picture.
Some photo retouchers are hired to work flexible or short periods of hours,
depending on the number of tasks assigned in one project or photo. They are
expected to provide support or assists the senior photographer or editor,
contributing their expertise in innovating image flow processes.
Floral designers can design a wide variety of floral arrangements,
recommend flowers and greenery based on the customer’s budget and collaborate
with other floral artists to determine which type of arrangement is appropriate
for the occasion, event or location. They may work flexible hours like creating
a single arrangement for special occasions or provide floral displays for rooms
or office spaces. Some floral designers are hired with long-term contracts with
companies having to call for their services weekly or monthly.
Ceramics designers, also known as ceramicists, work with clay,
porcelain, bone china to create designs for pottery items, wall and floor
tiles, figurines, sculpture, homeware, tableware, and cookware. They research
and find new materials for their designs, decide on decorative techniques,
prepare for sales or exhibition, and develop artistic business plans. They may
work for manufacturing companies or work independently as freelancers. Some
part-time ceramics designers work for art schools and universities to teach a
few courses on ceramic art.
Cake decorators are craft artists who work to make cakes, tarts,
pastries, and other baking orders look deliciously appealing. Attention to
detail and steady hands are necessary skills they must possess. They have to
assist pastry chef in shaping dough portions, prepare ingredients, manage the mixing
of icing and sugar ornaments, and perform all finishing touches and labeling of
the products. Some companies hire them for part-time positions or work only on
Furniture designers create and develop design concepts for various
furniture and fixtures at home or an office. Creative and commercial skills in
marketing, finance, and sales are crucial for this type of job. These designers
sketch and create prototypes, 2D, or 3D models using computer-aided design
(CAD) software. They also have to spend a lot of time experimenting with
different materials, techniques, and software to produce innovative designs for
furniture. Most of their time, they work in a studio or workshop and attend
client meetings and trade shows. Some may work for established designers and
work irregular and flexible time, with work in evenings or on the weekend.
Stained Glass Artist
Stained glass artists create weatherproof artwork on glasses like
windows of religious buildings, glass domes of art institute buildings,
libraries, homes, and more. They draw cartoons, prepare glass fabrication,
research on stresses, symbolism, and history of their design concepts, possess
knowledge and skills in glass cutting, assemble wax pieces, paint, stain, and
fire glass to fuse and stabilize colors. They may also need to install the finished
product and restore damaged glass objects. Most stained-glass artists are
self-employed and get to work on a project depending on the client’s timescale.
In addition to the abovementioned responsibilities of product designers,
they have to consider factors about products such as buyers, quality and safety
features, reliability, and environmental-friendly features. Some may work from
nine to five with extra hours to meet deadlines, but some work as freelancers
or with contract work, so opportunities for part-time positions are available.
10 Unique Design
Picture Framer/Picture Frame
A picture frame designer works to design and make frames by cutting out
or assembling moldings. He/she discusses the design to clients, advises on the
materials, work out the cost, set up woodworking machines, fix artworks,
documentation, memorabilia, and photos into the frame and package the finished
product. These designers combine their technical and craft skills to do the
Inker and Opaquer
An inker and opaquer mainly trace drawings and sketches prepared by
cartoonists. He/she reverses celluloid (film) and brushes a thin coat of
special paint on the reverse sides to render the drawing opaque. Also,
preparing the artwork for heavy screen toning using pen techniques and painting
on the opposite side of the celluloid using specified colors are parts of their
duties. Inking can be done traditionally or with the use of computers. Using
technology in inking makes the job easier and faster.
Kinetic Sculpture Artist
A kinetic sculpture artist creates sculptures that involve motion. The
artwork may sway in the breeze, swing from side to side, moved by powered
magnets or vibrate with a motor. He or she comes up with an innovative idea to
put up a unique kind of sculpture or masterpiece. Some pieces are installed
outside of a building, parks or in particularly famous spots.
An art repairer or conservator is responsible for repairing damaged
artworks like paintings, textiles, ceramics, cultural objects, and historical
artifacts. This job involves not only repairs but also a lot of research on the
appropriate techniques to use when repairing objects, especially antiques,
where the original art form should not be altered. Examination of the art
object’s condition, authenticity, and method of preservation and working with
the repair team are some of the responsibilities of an art repairer.
Body Paint Artist
Body paint artist creates designs and uses human skin as their canvas
for artistic expression. He or she uses water-based paints to create or draw
images. The color lasts for about a few hours to a day. A body paint artist may
work in film or entertainment industry. He or she may work in a science fiction
film or television programs to transform actors into different characters. Some
may work for the professional modeling or photography industry. Spray tanners
and makeup artists are also types of body paint artists.
A color expert specializes in choosing color themes and color
combinations on paper, paint, floor coverings, furnishings, and draperies of
homes, offices, and other establishments. He or she has to check the client’s
home or building from room to room, discuss color options and provides the
client with the required color information or chips. A color expert who holds a
degree in art or design embraces more opportunities in the industry.
A landscape designer is responsible for maintaining the outdoor aesthetics
of properties such as buildings, houses, and schools. He or she uses creativity
to design a pleasing and functional outdoor area, plan and sketch details,
performs assessment on plants, soil’s current condition, lighting, view and the
architectural style of the building, works out fees, ensures the projected
designs match with the client’s needs, and prepares specifications for garden
contractors. A landscape designer usually works with flexible hours that
include weekends and evenings, depending on client’s timescale.
Professional Food Photographer
A professional food photographer captures appetizing food images for
restaurants, catering companies, and food producers. Some of them work with
food stylists or be part of a team for food organizations. He or she must not
only possess excellent photography skills but also has to hold the culinary
background. A food photographer has to pick the freshest and the best-looking
food items. The challenge is to reveal the visual elements of the food as a
means to stir the senses of smell and taste of viewers. Some food photographers
work with art directors as well.
A font designer designs develops and creates fonts to meet a client’s
need. Some work as freelancers and some work for font design companies. He or
she may also redesign and recreate character sets within the company, maintains
high-quality typography, support digital designers and advertising teams in
matters of design elements, and ensure every letter or character is tweaked
individually until it is developed. One must be well-versed with font software
such as Adobe Illustrator, FontLab, FontCreator, Glyphs, and InDesign as these
will help in building a vast portfolio.
Glass blowing is an ancient form of art that uses equipment such as
blowpipes, furnaces, baking kilns, engraving plates, stencils, and needles. It
is labor intensive and is best for individuals who can work in a potentially
hazardous environment. A glass blower uses blowing techniques in handling
molten glass and other tools or materials like metals to obtain final shapes.
This job requires a specific skill set which can be acquired by getting into
fine arts programs that offer a concentration in glass and glass blowing
Top Travel Design
Traveling Body Paint Artist
Most body paint artists travel to the location of the event or
production. If you work in the entertainment industry, your job may involve traveling
to the film location. When you work for a magazine and advertising agencies,
you join photo shoots on site. Some of these artists travel across the globe to
participate in competitions and to discover more inspiration for their art.
Professional Sandcastle Sculptor
Sand sculpture is the practice of creating visual art by using wet sand
and compaction. Sand artist or sculptors make use buckets to fill with water,
barber’s brush, paintbrushes, leveling tool and more for sandcastle success.
Most of these sculptors produce significant kinds of statues or reliefs and
typically work at the beach. This profession may involve a lot of traveling
since there are a lot of places to discover and share sand sculpting tradition
with. Some sand sculptors are hired for
special events, and some are invited to showcase their talent and skills in
competitions and art galleries.
Fashion designers, especially the famous and flagbearers of fashion, do
a lot of traveling. They have to attend fashion runway shows, fashion week, and
exhibit held in other countries. Traveling is also essential to keeping up with
the trends in style. Some designers travel to source supplies and materials for
their designs. They do promotions in local and international events. It’s one
of the perks of being a fashion designer.
Art directors work for
television and movie production, magazines and multimedia companies. They may
have to travel to the location of production where they can do the filming and
editing. For print production, they may have to on site to oversee and support
Fashion and Textile Curator
Fashion and textile curators learn from other people’s clothes,
accessories, and textiles. Their goal is to present different perspectives from
around the world and expand the historical narratives of these collections. They
collect and care for these items in storage or a museum. Liaising between
museums, external agencies, collectors, donors, and artists is a big
responsibility that curators have as they have to ensure that their objective
aligns with others’. Traveling to different countries to find particular collections
and holdings complete the exhibition and research programs of curators.
Most travel videographers cover and create incredible content for
travels, travel agency promotions, and even for tourism agency of the
government. They are paid to travel and take the best videos and produce them
for distribution in social media, television, and films. Their lifestyle is
about living in different countries, places, or destinations. They get to
immerse themselves in different cultures which contribute to their concepts and
What are the skills you gain on a Design Degree?
Students gain a wealth of skills and capabilities due to the technical
nature and characteristics of the design degrees, preferred by numerous
employers within the design industry. Design majors develop skills in
illustration, animation, use of 3D modeling software applications, and other
production techniques that are essential to many career opportunities. Whether
you apply for a job prospect in your specialization or try your luck in other areas
of discipline in the Design industry, several of the skills you acquire are useful,
marketable, and transferable.
The valuable skills you will develop as you progress yourself within the
design studies include:
What will I study on my Design Degree?
The majority of the students’ time will be mostly on learning a variety
of technical skills. Depending on the chosen concentration or specialization,
such capabilities could range from practicing technical drawing to developing
their craft on several game development applications. Students will learn
several theories varying from one degree to another; however, they will have an
in-depth understanding about contemporary practices in the design field or art
history, whether it revolves learning about the development of printing
techniques or critical processes of furniture design.
The modules will depend on the chosen design degree. Typically, students
will study the following areas of study:
Design for Online and Print
Graphic Design Theory
Introduction To Art and Media
Basic Moving Image
Principles of Visual Communication
However, on a different design-related degree such as product design
degree, students will likely to study the following:
2D and 3D Media
Applications, Properties, and Limitations of Materials
Design Communication Theory
Despite there are several educational institutions that offer the same
type of design degree program, it is most likely that the set of coursework
they offer are different.
What kind of Accreditation should my Design Degree have?
Students must never waste their time and financial resources on a Design
degree that will not be considered by potential employers seriously. It is vital
to make sure the college or university chosen must have the proper
accreditation and reputation before they will proceed.
The majority of higher education disciplines have accreditation status,
which makes it critical in determining where to earn your design degree.
Another essential factor of enrolling in an accredited academic institution is
the eligibility of financial aid. These schools must be certified by an
association recognized by the Department of Education to be able to qualify to
provide financial assistance among its students. Having an accreditation means
the school has an initiative of maintaining its standards as well as look for
ways to improve and advance its status within the current field.
The accrediting sectors are categorized into regional and national
accrediting bodies. Regional accrediting organizations indicate greater
credibility, reputation, and merit. When you are searching for a potential
college or university to obtain a design degree, you must consider the ones who
have verified status from the following regional accrediting institutions:
Aside from regional or national accrediting agencies, there are
program-specific accreditations that add up more value and credentials to your
design degree. Some companies will require that your design degree is earned
with a set of coursework that is accredited by program-specific agencies.
The good news is, accreditation is not strictly a requirement for your Design degree. In some cases, the regional accreditation from the school is more than enough. As such, the National Association of Schools of Art & Design (NASAD) maintains national design-related undergraduate and graduate degree programs. The association has awarded more than 350 academic institutions, indicating that these institutions maintain the standards of quality and curriculum set by NASAD. As such, it suggests the program credibility of the school.
The absence of this program-specific accreditation is not a big deal. If
your chosen school has regional certifications by one of the six agencies
listed above, it is considered legitimate, and future employers will take your
earned Design degree seriously.
Is there a
need for a Design foundation course?
A unique way to enhance your portfolio is to obtain a certification in Design.
Some certifications or courses typically last one year and allow students to
try different areas of the design before ultimately choosing a concentration or
specialization. These foundational courses will enable you to weigh down your
options and discover which field of design you are interested in studying.
These Design disciplines include:
Fashion and Textiles – Make-up, Fashion Design, Costume Design
Fine Arts – Sculpture, Painting
Graphics and Illustration – Game Design, Animation
3D Design – Architecture, Interior Design
Taking up such foundational courses allow you to build a strong
portfolio which will help you in your future job prospects. As such, it is one
of the great ways to try out different design disciplines, discover what you
are passionate about and create a range of work and art pieces. However, it is
not mandatory to have one if you are already determined about your interest and
the quality of your portfolio.
Who are suitable for a Design Degree?
Students who are searching for ways to enhance or spark their creative
interest while getting a Design education are best suited to pursue the Design
degree. There are several areas of concentration to showcase their creative
talents as printmakers, photographers, animators, UI UX designers or
illustrators to name just a few of several design-related positions.
As a design major, you will indulge in a variety of several visual media
such as sculpting and painting. You will obtain a comprehensive understanding
of various techniques of shading. You will be immersed in art history, and
learn the eras and movements that brought world-class artists and masterpieces
Therefore, a Design degree is suitable for people who have an in-depth
passion, interest, and appreciation for creative endeavors. It is one of the
practical choices of degree programs in today’s job market. There is an
increasing demand for multimedia artists, video creators, illustrators, visual
storytellers, animators, web designers, and many others.
Options to a Design Degree
Students who consider a Design degree but are more inclined to art as a
form of greater self-expression and experimentation can pursue Art as a degree.
If the entertainment side of it interests you, film making and broadcasting,
audio and music technology, film and television production and animation are
If students who are more interested in the modern elements of design as
well as the structural aspects, they can find choices in an engineering-related
However, if students have a combined interest in structure and
aesthetics, an architecture-related degree program may be an appropriate choice
Science and the people behind it have made a tremendous contribution to
progress in the many facets of living. Finding the cure for diseases, developing
technological advancements, and preserving the earth are just some of humankind’s
key accomplishments, all thanks to science. Unsurprisingly, science attracts
the most ambitious, the brightest, and the most committed students who aspire
to build their career in this exciting field.
Science, as a discipline, offers an unlimited number of options to
students. It is commonly divided into different forms: life, physical, and
applied. To study the sciences means choosing either the broader disciplines
like Chemistry and Physics or going gaining in-depth knowledge of specific subjects
such as biochemistry or marine biology. Ultimately, you need to know where your
interests lie and determine the career path is ideal for you.
By earning a Science degree in any field, you open a myriad of possibilities.
A background in Science lets you become a chemist, biologist, geologist, physicist,
and many more.
Science as a Degree
The Bureau of Labor Statistics stated that employment of life, physical, and social science occupations are expected to grow 10% from 2016 to 2026, which is faster than the average for all occupations. This is projected to create about 124,800 new jobs. The employment growth takes root from the increasing demand for experts in diverse fields of science, including positions in research, psychology, energy management, and environmental protection.
Students who will take up a science degree should know that this
particular field of study involves a lot of hard work, critical and analytical
thinking, and creativity. Here they will not only learn how to write and
analyze but also to work and discuss with their peers and superiors. Their
brains are challenged every day. They have to think of innovative ways to test
their hypothesis, solve a problem, and come up with a conclusion.
Science degree holders are expected to contribute to the future of the
planet and help improve the lives of people. Their years of study can lead to
practical innovation, discovery, and developments in many industries. Others seek
to develop their knowledge and understanding of people, nature, and the universe.
To forge a successful career in science, one should take an
undergraduate degree that can best give them the necessary knowledge and skills
they need to excel in their chosen field. Before they go to college, it is
important to weigh what they are passionate about. Science has dozens of subfields,
not to mention specializations, that it can be overwhelming to narrow down.
Other science occupations, due to their complex nature, requires a
master’s degree. This includes jobs like an epidemiologist, microbiologist,
mining engineers, and many others.
Students who want to enroll in science and engineering degree programs rose to 45% in 2016. There is a significant increase in the proportion of first-year students planning to major in biological and agricultural sciences, contributing to the growth of science enrollees.
Types of Science Degrees
Before students can even think of starting a career in the sciences,
they should first know the educational programs they will need to advance in
their chosen field. Being a scientist takes years of study and hard work. It
means they need to devote a great deal of time to academic pursuits. Here is a summary of the types of degrees they
will be expected to take up:
Associate’s Science Degree
quicker, less expensive route to a career, an associate degree usually takes
students 2 years to complete. In many cases, this type of degree allows
students to transfer to a four-year program which will let them earn a
bachelor’s degree. A lot of students, however, go straight to work. Chemical
technicians and environmental science technicians are just some of the jobs
that only require an associate’s degree.
While most of science associate’s degree can pose a challenge, they are
designed not to be as in depth as a bachelor’s degree.
Science Bachelor’s Degree
Most entry-level jobs in the science fields require a minimum of a
bachelor’s degree in their chosen major. The degree is usually an introduction
to their chosen scientific field and gradually progresses to more specific
topics. The course also introduces students to various scientific concepts,
tools, and experimental techniques. It is a four-year degree that is meant to
equip students with the right knowledge and experience.
Science Master’s Degree
As the first level of graduate study, a master’s degree usually requires
a prerequisite such as an undergraduate degree. It typically covers 36 to 54
semester credit hours and awarded in many fields.
A master’s degree is your key to a higher-paying career and lucrative
practice. Some scientific fields also require a minimum of master’s degree from
Science Doctorate Degree
If students want to reach their full potential in their career path, it
is always a good idea to sign up with a Ph.D. program. A doctorate is awarded
to students who completed an original thesis with a significant contribution to
their field of study. There are a lot of doctorate programs for most science
degrees. A research degree, it is also the highest level of academic degree
that one can achieve. For students to complete the doctorate, they need need to
successfully defend a dissertation. This is where they can demonstrate their
abilities for independent study.
Taking up a career in the sciences requires you to choose a scientific
field. This is one of the best things about the sciences. There are so many
specializations that you can choose from and they all depend on your
preferences and abilities.
In astronomy, students are tasked to gather data on the characteristics
of planets, moons and other heavenly bodies. They are expected to develop, test
and analyze data. They also need to compose scientific papers on their
For students who are interested in the study of life and living
organisms, biology might be the course for them. As a biologist, they will be
expected to conduct research on the underlying mechanisms that govern the
function of living matter. The best thing about being a biologist is that they can
choose the environment they want to work in.
Being a biologist is a specialized course that requires years of study.
Students who are thinking of becoming a biologist should be ready to take up
the necessary course and accreditation before they can get employed as a
They can also increase their chances of getting more lucrative
employment opportunities by pursuing a master’s degree. If they want to teach
in a college or university, it is better to pursue a Ph.D.
Being a chemist is a highly specialized profession. This is where one
conducts research and experiments on the properties of chemical substances.
Students who dreams of becoming a chemist need a bachelor’s degree at the very
least. As a chemist, they are expected to create useful compounds for
established chemical products.
Since a chemist is a highly specialized profession, it takes around 4 to
10 years of college and graduate study.
A geologist studies the earth’s structure and the process that affect
them over time. The geologists work is usually varied. Some geologist tasks can
span from analyzing collected samples to conventional lab work.
Students who are thinking of becoming a geologist should strive to equip
themselves with the right degrees and experience. Should they choose to follow
the geologist career path, they can enter various industries such as
engineering, mining and teaching to name just a few. They can also do research
work for private companies and government organizations.
Geography is the study of the earth’s landscape, places, and
environment. As a geographer, they will study the physical and human geography.
They may be able to specialize towards the end of their degree. These
specializations include environment geography, resources geography,
geographical information systems and migration and displacement.
The first step to becoming a geographer is to take up an undergraduate
degree in geography. They usually cover the basic geographical concepts with
study modules in the areas of environment, society, economy and research
methods and development.
Once they finish their bachelor’s degree, they can seek employment in
the private and public sector or further their knowledge with a post-graduate
Environmental Science encompasses the physical, environmental sciences
and ecology. It gives students an understanding of the world as a whole. It
also studies the resources and the effects of the growing population on the
Students who want to take up an entry-level job in environmental science
needs a bachelor’s degree in environmental science, or related fields. Further
advancement in their chosen field is also made possible by signing up in
graduate programs in environmental science.
Astrophysicists is the study of physics, space and the physical worlds.
Students who want to have a career in this field need to develop your skills as
early as high school. They will also need to take advanced placement classes in
mathematics and science. Once they do start college, they will need to major in
astrophysics or at least major in physics with a minor in astronomy.
Online vs. Brick and Mortar Science Degrees
The era of attending classes on campus is slowly changing. The
advancements in technology means that students can now earn their degrees from
the comfort of their homes. Universities and colleges have been offering the
online option for many students all over the country for years now.
Science degrees are no exception. As long as they are accredited, they
are quite similar to traditional university degrees in many ways. The
curriculum is the same so students get to learn the knowledge and skills. Their
glaring difference is the method of delivery. While classroom lectures are done
face-to-face, online ones are delivered through the internet, in the form of
lecture notes, webinars, videos, and other online-related medium that maximizes
The beauty of doing a degree online is the flexibility it offers.
Students can take their courses at their own pace anywhere. They just need to
be careful and disciplined enough to finish the course on time or there will be
Brick and Mortar science degrees, however, have the advantage of easy
access to professors and other members of faculty whenever they need
clarifications or advice. Group learning is also encouraged.
There are cases when online degree programs are a lot cheaper than
traditional education. However, some high-quality universities can charge just
as much for an online degree as its on-campus equivalent.
Ultimately, the choice between an online degree and traditional degree
lies on the student’s lifestyle, financial ability, learning style, and
Students who want more flexibility and less costly experience can choose
online programs where they can considerably cut down on dorm and transport
expenses. For students who enjoy the dynamics of a traditional classroom where
they can interact and learn from and with each other, a brick and mortar degree
sounds just right.
Financing Your Science Education
Students who are serious about earning a science degree should remember
one thing—it will take a lot of time and cost a sizable amount of money. And
seeing as most science programs are provided by top-ranked colleges and
universities, they should ready themselves financially. Financing a college
education can be a challenge.
Sadly, though, not many would-be scientist are blessed with the
financial resources to pursue their desired courses. And because of this, some
students borrow money from untrustworthy sources and eventually land themselves
in a great deal of debt.
Some aspiring students are hindered by financial constraints. But as
daunting as getting an education may be, it is still possible. They just need
to look for the right financial options and aid.
Luckily for many students who want to pursue a science degree, there are
a innumerable university and government programs that offer grants, loans,
scholarships and financial aid options. If they are really serious about
getting a college and even a doctorate degree, they should explore their
financial aid options in the best way possible. By doing so, they will be able
to arm themselves with the right information and avoid financial pitfalls.
Here are some great financial aid options that they can take advantage
If they are looking for financial aid, students’ first stop should
always be the scholarships. This is because scholarships were specifically made
to help aspiring students to reach their full potential. And seeing as they are
planning of taking up a science degree, they will have a lot of great
scholarships to choose from.
The best thing about scholarships is that they don’t need to pay their
loans back. The only setback to scholarships is the fact that they are
merit-based. There is also a need to compete with a lot of other students. If
they are interested in getting a scholarship, they should really make sure that
their grades and extracurricular credits are up to scratch.
As for sources of scholarships you can reach out to private and public
institutions. These scholarships can come from private schools or federal or
state governments. The qualifications for these scholarships usually vary from
one organization to another.
Some of the notable scholarships for different science degrees include:
United Negro College Fund/MERCK Science Research Scholarship Awards
Thermo Fisher Scientific Antibody Scholarship Program
Hershey Company Tribal Scholarship-Tribal College Students
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Science Foundation
Getting a scholarship can be very difficult. So, for students are not
fortunate enough to find a scholarship, they can always try out federal aid and
Federal loans are loans offered by the federal government to help students or parents pay for a college education. The qualifications for a federal loan is to submit a (FAFSA) Free application of student aid form to the U.S Department of Education. The Department of Education will determine whether or not students are eligible for a loan and how much they or their family is required to pay towards the college bill.
In order to use a federal loan, they must be
enrolled in a program offered by an accredited school.
Aside from the standard FAFSA, there are 5 other
types of student loans they should take a look at:
Subsidized Federal Loans
These types of loans are awarded based on financial
need. They are regulated by the federal government and are usually acquired
from credit unions and the federal government. They are based on the need of
the student and are usually long-term.
Unsubsidized Federal Loans
This type of loan is also long-term and based on
the need of the borrower. The difference of this loan from other loans though
is the fact that the loan interest will be the responsibility of the borrower.
These loans carry a low-interest rate and are best for students who don’t
qualify for financial aids.
Federal Plus Loans
These types of loans are usually for parents whose
children attend college with a full time or halftime undergraduate status. The
interest rates are usually low and the repayment usually begins with 60 to 90
days upon disbursement of the loan or after the student graduates.
Federal Perkins Loans
This type of loan is very popular with both
graduate and undergraduate studies. These are usually given to students who
extremely need them and they have a very low interest rate. The interest is
meant to start to accrue nine months after the students drop bellow half-time
enrolment or graduation.
Students are also eligible for a private loan. A
private loan can be obtained from banks, credit unions, or lending institutions
to help cover college expenses. Private loans are usually offered directly to
students. Which means it is the student’s responsibility to pay the loan. So if
they are really thinking of taking a private loan, they should think things
through because it may accumulate as time passes.
It is a well-known fact that a college degree can cost a small fortune.
And there have been stories of college students who have gotten into debt
because of irresponsible financing. In order to avoid spending a decade of
their life paying for college loans, they will need to find a good college
financing option. One great option is to try out for a student grant. A student
grant is a technically free money given to students to help pay for college
There are many student grants and they can come from a lot of sources
like private and public institutions such as associations, clubs, groups,
colleges and local governments. The four main sources of grants are usually
federal, state, college-specific and private programs.
Science Career Pathways, Information and Outlook
Starting a career in the field of science can be hard. It is an arduous
process that can take years, and it may take some time before they can make a
name for themselves or make a substantial contribution to their chosen field.
But being a science graduate is totally worth it.
Most science graduates look at careers that use their specialist
knowledge, which greatly depends on their specific discipline. Those who have a
bachelor’s degree that tackles on natural science’s role in protecting the
environment and human health find jobs as environmental scientists and
specialists. They can earn as much as $71,130. Epidemiologists, on the other
hand, can only enter the profession with a master’s degree. Their median salary
is at $69,660.
According to BLS, students with degrees in life, physical and social science has a median annual wage of $66,070, much higher than the median age for all occupations.
Those who studied chemistry has an annual wage of $76,890 in May 2018. The employment outlook for chemists and materials scientists is looking good. It is projected to grow 7% from 2016 to 2026.
As for work environment, science graduates experience it differently.
For example, microbiologists mostly work in laboratories and offices. They work
full-time and work regular hours. On the other hand, zoologists and wildlife
biologists does not only work in offices and laboratories but can also explore
the outdoors where they spend considerable time gathering data and studying
animals in their natural habitat.
The vast scope of science and its many different forms are the major
reasons for its varied yet exciting careers. While most science occupations require
them to explore and delve into the unknown, many of these are stable and
Take a look at some occupational titles that science graduates will find
most suitable for their education.
10 Most Common Science Occupational Titles
Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Requirement: Associate’s degree
Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Requirement: Doctoral or professional degree
Forensic Science Technician
Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Requirement: Doctoral or professional degree
Requirement: Associate’s degree
Other Science Occupational Titles:
20 Highest Paying Science Careers
Associate Dean of Sciences
The associate dean assists the dean in managing administrative functions
of the college of science. They plan college strategic initiatives.
Associate Dean of Sciences Salary: $132,000
A career in Astronomy is a highly specialized one, and not only requires
one to have a bachelor’s degree but a master’s and Ph.D as well. Astronomers
gather data on the characteristics of planets, moons and other heavenly bodies.
They are expected to develop, test and analyze data. They also need to compose
scientific papers on their findings.
Astronomer Salary: $119,580
Certified Petroleum Geologist
They are responsible for studying and examining rock formations and
mineral samples to identify new gas and oil deposits.
Certified Petroleum Geologist Salary: $102,500
This type of scientists studies the weather and climate. They also
examine how these conditions can affect human activity and the earth in
general. Entry-level positions require a bachelor’s degree.
Atmospheric Scientist Salary: $94,110
Material scientists are responsible for examining the physical
properties of manufacturing materials to develop new products or improve
Materials Scientist Salary: $99,530
Biochemists and Biophysicist
These science occupational titles study the chemical and physical
principles of living things and their biological processes.
Biochemists and Biophysicist Salary: $93,280
Geoscientists are responsible for the study of the earth’s physical
aspects, such as the composition, structure, and processes that will let them
learn its past, present, and future. Applicants must have a bachelor’s degree.
Geoscientist Salary: $91,130
Geophysicists draw from their knowledge in physics, chemistry, and
geology to study the earth and its composition. They also explore its
atmosphere, internal make-up, oceans, and other fields.
Geophysicists Salary: $90,100
Molecular biologists usually study cell processes and codes in humans,
animals, plants, or other living organisms. They make use of their knowledge of
chemistry, cell physiology, genetics, physics, and many others.
Molecular Biologist Salary: $86,328
The duties of a food chemist involve conducting research for the
development and improvement and food and beverages. They need to perform tests
using methods like merging synthetic and natural food materials.
Food Chemist Salary: 83,190
Graduates who want to work as nuclear technicians must at least have an
associate’s degree. It is their job to assist physicists, engineers, and other
professionals in nuclear research and energy production.
Nuclear Technicians Salary: $79,140
Geographers specialize in physical geography, human geography, and
geospatial technology. They can find a lot of job opportunities in the
government, with half of the geographers in the country working there.
Geographer Salary: $76,860
Chemists and Material Scientist
Chemists and material scientists deal with substances at the atomic and
molecular levels. They analyze the many ways in which these substances work
with each other.
Chemists and Material Scientist Salary: $78,330
Product Development Scientist
Product development scientist are instrumental in researching and
developing new production processes for manufacturing systems to improve their
overall efficiency and profitability.
Product Development Scientist Salary: $75,200
Research scientists are responsible for setting up and carrying through
experiments to broaden scientific knowledge in one particular area.
Research Scientist Salary: $72,400
It is the job of microbiologists to learn more about microorganisms such
as bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites.
Microbiologists Salary: $71,650
The study of location, movement, and quality of water formations below
the surface of the earth are conducted by hydrogeologists. Their research is
important for construction projects, aquifer protection, and the safe disposal
of hazardous waste.
Hydrogeologist Salary: $68,000
Staff scientists are responsible for collaborating with and guiding
their co-workers, overseeing projects and creating and reviewing procedures.
Most of them are hired by a variety of technical, scientific, and government
Staff Scientist Salary: $67,300
Zoologist and Wildlife Biologist
Their job is to study the physical characteristics of the animals,
animal behaviors, and the impacts humans have on wildlife and natural habitat.
Zoologist and Wildlife Biologist Salary: $63,420
It is the responsibility of conservationists to help landowners and
governments to find ways to protect natural resources such as soil and water.
Conservationist Salary: $61,310
Part-time Science Jobs
It is possible for some lab technicians to work part-time. It is their
job to collect samples, study and perform tests, and many others.
Some companies and organizations hire scientific advisors on contractual basis. They can work part-time in providing scientific and technical support on projects that need their expertise.
Middle School Science Teacher
There are online schools that hire part-time teachers to help provide
virtual education solutions for students worldwide. Science graduates can use
their skills and knowledge in teaching them without having to commit to a rigid
Many science graduates can find part-time work as science writers for
online journals, magazines, and the like. They focus on writing scientific,
research-based articles for educational or promotional literature purposes.
Unique Science Careers
Chemists are not confined to labs and food industries, concocting
formulas for amazing products. They are also needed in a surprising yet
interesting industry—firework making. Chemists are the ones who design
fireworks using chemicals that emit beautiful colors when heated. Since the
chemicals can be reactive and sometimes dangerous, this occupation requires a
master’s degree or Ph.D. in chemistry.
In order to study animals including their habits and overall health,
scientists study the animals’ excrement. This particular specialization is for
scatologists. Their contribution to science lead to advances in human medicine.
The process of fermentation made beer, wine, bread, cheese, and yoghurt
possible. The study of how the microorganisms are used in the process are
spearheaded by fermentation scientists.
Usually a geology specialist, volcanologists are responsible in
predicting the timing and severity of volcanic eruptions. This leads to proper
evacuation plans for high-risk volcanic areas.
Popular in crime dramas, forensic anthropologists combine two
disciplines: forensic medicine and the social sciences. It is their job to help
solve crimes by identifying and analyzing human remains that are impossible to
be investigated through conventional means.
Investigating the science of storms, atmospheric scientists can venture
into this highly unusual career that specializes in gathering data regarding
severe weather occurrences, from hurricanes and tornadoes to thunderstorms and
Travel Science Careers
Mostly made up of public health scientists, epidemiologists study the
potential causes and patterns of human diseases and injuries. Their job
requires them to travel to different locations in order to conduct studies and
Environmental Scientist and Specialist
Since their work involves protecting the environment and correcting
environmental hazards, environmental specialists and scientists need to go to
different places for fieldwork and monitoring conditions.
Focusing their research on bodies of water, hydrologists are required to
travel a lot as well, especially to locations along bodies of water. They need
to collect samples, observe flooding patterns, and evaluate potential
Wildlife Biologists are responsible for studying groups and species of
animals to learn more about their behaviors and habits. This kind of work
requires them to perform their studies in the animal’s natural habitat. They
sometimes need to travel outside of the country.
Studying the various ways that matter and energy interact, physicists
may need to go to different observatories, laboratories, or conferences.
Why should I earn a science degree?
The field of Science is one of the most exciting and multifaceted career
paths. This is because the sciences give one a myriad of great opportunities ranging
from discovering new scientific concepts to shaping the minds of the next
But as exciting and fulfilling
as having a career in science can be, it is still quite an undertaking. Not
only that, it also takes years of study to fully gain any form of competency in
the sciences. So before one even thinks of starting a career in the sciences,
it is important to prepared for the arduous years ahead.
Now the main question arises:
should you try to earn a science degree? The answer is yes. This is because a
career in the sciences cannot be built by a simple high school diploma. It is a
field with vast disciplines that require superior knowledge and training. A
degree in science will not only allow science graduates to help people with their
research. It will also give them the chance to change the entire landscape of
the sciences with breakthrough discoveries and findings.
In fact, scientists’
contributions extend beyond research and development to the world of business,
industry, teaching, and even in the government. Some of them are forming their
own companies and managing businesses. Others are venturing into law practice.
Those who join the government are instrumental in formulating policies that are
rooted in science. All of these sectors require their employees to have a
bachelor’s degree at the very least and can sometimes demand more expertise by
choosing those with master’s or doctorate degrees.
A bachelor’s degree in the
field of science students you are interested in is their best ticket to a
successful and fulfilling career. They will also be expected to have a master’s
or a doctorate degree before they can think of advancing any further in their
Students who are interested in
a career in the sciences should be prepared to do a great deal of study and be
ready to look for the best graduate school programs possible.
Earning a science degree is
all worth it, especially if one looks at the future. It is hard to imagine a
world without science. People from this field are responsible for many things that
society and humans in general benefit from every day.
The compensation is also a lot
better compared to other degrees. The median wage of many science occupations
is more than $65,000 annually, a lot higher than the media wage for all
occupations of $38,640.
Having a degree in the
sciences will give graduates the boost they need when they start looking for
employment. It is the norm for employers to check applicants’ educational
attainment. It will also prepare them for their job, where years of learning
and training from school can be finally put into practical use.
Who are the best for a career in the sciences?
As exciting as it many sound, not everyone can start a career in the
sciences. The field not only need mental acumen, it also requires a great deal of
hard work, dedication and perseverance. So before students jump onto this
career, they will need to make sure that they have what it takes.
To have a career in the sciences, they must be willing to work long
hours and conduct painstaking research work. They should be willing to
sacrifice hours and hours of your time to reach their goals, from acing exams,
conducting research and experiment, defending their findings, and expanding
their knowledge on their chosen field.
One of the very first things students should consider when trying to
start a science educational path is their interest and passion. When they want
things enough, they tend to work for it. Students who want to major in science
must have the desire to study the field and narrow down their interest into a
They must know which branch to take. If they want to be a volcanologist,
they should tackle geology. If they want to be a microbiologist, biology is the
way to go. But it does not end there. Science students must also have the
constant thirst for learning. They need to be diligent in pursuing their
passion. There is no time for slacking off when rigid coursework awaits.
Another constantly overlooked qualification for science majors are their
inquisitive mind. Are they the type who enjoy exploring something new? Do they
think out of the box? Their innate curiosity and inquisitiveness can help a lot
throughout their journey in a science degree program.
Their minds need to constantly find new ways to look at things. They
must know how to think critically. Aside from that, science majors must
appreciate the world around them. They should have the ability to study the
phenomena around them through systematic observation and experimentation.
What skills do Science students develop or enhance?
The purpose of education is to develop and enhance students’ knowledge
and skills. It is no different when it comes to students taking up a science
degree program. It is important for them to develop necessary skills that apply
to any branch of science, from chemistry and biology to physics and geology.
Students need to focus on honing these skills because it is integral not
only in helping them memorize the scientific method and other science-related
type of learning but also letting them see how it works when applied. In
science, there is a great need to gather and use knowledge and this can only be
done if they have the primary science skills that make the task easier.
The first skill students should develop, and which is always emphasized
in many schools, is the enhancement of their scientific literacy through
investigative activities. This may involve planning, measuring, observing,
analyzing data, designing and evaluating procedures and examining evidence.
Basic Science Skills
The most important basic science skill, the power of observation is
something that every science student should learn and develop. Curiosity is
innate in many scientists who often observe what goes on around them and
question why. When observing, students use their senses for the purpose of
gathering information and discovering something worth noting. Observing and
gathering information is essential before one can proceed to drawing
conclusions, as both of them can be used as supporting evidence for the latter.
A skill built from observation, classifying allows students to separate
and sort the data they have gathered. This is important in science studies
because not everything students discover is the right answer. They need to be
discerning enough to examine and weed out data that won’t add much to their
Taking an educated guess is a staple in many scientific cases. It is
called an “educated guess” because before arriving to that stage, one has made
use of observations. In inferring, students must be able to deduce and conclude
based on the previous information they have gathered.
The ability to measure accurately is another science skill that every
student needs. This means they should also be knowledgeable in mathematics, the
language of measuring. Measuring is an indispensable skill in some scientific
situations, like that in chemistry where students need to deal with all sorts of
chemicals and materials in accurate measure in order to create a perfect
concoction. Accurate measuring provide them with more data that they can use
when making better inferences.
In the field of science, conclusion is reached through careful reasoning
and experimentation. It is a skill that science students need to develop in
order to be more accurate. The outcome of their research and experiments relies
As in every other major, communication is an important skill. A good
communication skill can help students translate their observation and
inferences into oral or written form. Discoveries are meant to be shared with
the science community and the world.
There was a period in time where accountants wore green visors and used adding machines to get the job done. Today, accountants have swapped these for sophisticated technology that can be utilized anywhere, at any time.
Complex as the
work may seem, accounting is all about extracting gathering, computing, and interpreting
numerical data which businesses and organizations of all types and sizes across
industries can’t do without. Individuals with an Accounting degree will find
their skills useful in the government, non-profit organizations, and private companies.
to students who are interested in business and investments. Holders of this
degree find fulfillment in using their knowledge to reach the objectives of
their own business or the company they work for.
Accountants are gifted
in the mathematics arena. That said, this degree is for anyone; it’s not just
for geniuses. If you are highly interested in accounting work and possess strong
analysis and communication skills, you can always pursue the degree.
Accounting as a Degree
For you to become
marketable, you need not only demonstrate a well-balanced understanding of Accounting
but also act upon the current business climate. Aside from taking this major,
consider taking a minor subject on History or Political Science as these
programs tend to widen your perspective about the financial markets.
degree is composed of a 120-credit hour of elective, required, and specialized
courses. Students usually earn their degree within four years of full-time
study. Part-time students typically take longer ranging from four to seven years
(depending on the limitations schools may impose to complete their requirements).
For students with
a different degree, you can take a 30-credit hour program of accounting courses
to earn your degree. This is a good alternative for working professionals who plan
to change careers or enhance their knowledge of this niche.
To get an entry-level job as an accountant, a bachelor’s degree or similar is a prerequisite. In some states, accountants without college credits but with experience are already considered as professional accountants, but opportunities may be limited. Some use these entry-level jobs as work experience while earning their degree part-time.
certifications such as Certified Public Accountant (CPA) usually have a higher
job prospect. Graduate students may also pursue other fields such as Information
Technology, Advanced Financial Accounting, Business Ethics, Economics, and
Business Statistics to complement their accounting degree. It gives students the
chance to diversify their portfolio for employers to find attractive.
Students pursuing a CPA licensure need to pass a national exam and other state requirements to get accredited. Students need to accomplish another 150 semester hour coursework on top of the usual four-year bachelor’s degree hence the necessity for discipline and grit for you to achieve this level. The CPA examination is categorized into four parts where you need to pass the exams one at a time. Once you’ve taken this path, you may also need to attend seminars and workshops so you can keep your license.
There are several
options to explore if you’re planning to pursue accounting as a degree.
The Bachelor of Science in Accounting (BSACC) covers technical and analytical methods in Accounting where you also get to touch on advanced mathematics. This is typically an entry point for those who plan to get into corporate accounting, governmental accounting, and accounting information systems.
In the U.S, higher job opportunities are experienced in several industries including accounting services. Students can choose the Bachelor of Science (B.S), Bachelor of Business Administration in Accounting (BBA), and Bachelor of Accounting (BAC).
The Bachelor of Science in Business Administration with a concentration in Accounting (BSBA) is intended for students interested in the ‘number crunching’ aspect of businesses. Students get to learn about business practices and management on top of topics such as accounting, marketing, information technology, and business-society relationships.
The Bachelor of Business Administration in Accounting (BBA) is almost similar to BSBA with fewer math requirements. This may be ideal for students who are looking to learn the basics of accounting for businesses with a higher concentration of the curriculum focused on business-related topics such as economics and business law.
The Bachelor of Accounting/Accounting (BAC) coursework is intended for students who have high mathematical and analytical skills. It’s usually considered an entry for those taking advanced degrees like a Master’s degree in Accounting or Business Administration.
Here are some basic
accounting courses you’ll likely encounter:
Accounting Information Systems
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
going for an undergraduate or graduate level, you need to pick a specialization
to narrow down your efforts and excel best the field that best suits you. In selecting
your specialization, you need to be focused on an industry that you see
yourself pursue in the future.
This specialization prepares students to put to practice accounting methods in the realm of legalities and investigations. This type of specialization will usually require 150-credit hour coursework where you need to take the CPA after completing the program. From here, you need to take another exam to become a Certified Forensic Accountant (Cr.FA). You will encounter topics such as introduction to the legal system, corporate governance, fraud examination, and legal elements of fraud in your study.
For students planning to take on the corporate arena, taking a specialization in Tax Accounting will help them develop their accounting skill in tax return preparations for corporations, organizations, and private companies filed in the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Here, you will encounter everything about income tax, individual income tax, corporate and business tax, state, local, and international tax as well as gift, trust, and estate tax courses. You will also encounter tax law and ethics.
Management and Technology Assurance
Aside from the
basic accounting courses, students will be trained to use computer-assisted
auditing techniques (CAAT). CAAT will help students derive accounting solutions
used for organizations and big companies. You will encounter technical aspects
of these accounting programs and learn computer courses such as flow charts,
computer network theories, maintenance of information system, and data-flow
This is an emerging specialization where students are taught to deal with company management and internal auditing of its books using sustainable solutions. You are expected to help managers solve problems focused on environmental implications and keep track of ecological assets. Just like CPA certification, students need to be a Certified Professional Environmental Auditor (CPEA) to becoming a legitimate environmental accountant. All CPEAs are regulated by the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE).
If you’re looking for job positions in a corporate company, you will want to take this specialization. You will encounter topics on corporate finance and reporting, economics, and management. Along with basic accounting courses, you will also understand federal regulations as well as documenting and reporting financial sheets communicated to the Board of Directors (BOD), shareholders, consumers, and the government, particularly the U.S Securities and Exchange Commission.
your accounting core courses, students will be taking management electives for
this specialization. You will need to learn how to supervise accounting
departments or do the accounting work aside from being the manager. You will be
given a broader education on business-related courses necessary for advancing
into leadership positions in a corporation (i.e., Chief Financial Officer) or
public organizations. Common topics you may encounter include managerial
control in hospitality operations and cost accounting and management control.
If you’re planning to ride the economic trend, specializing in sports could be your best choice. Statistica’s data showed that sports revenue amounted to US$11,974 million this 2019 YOY (year over year) and expected to swell to US$15,501 million by 2023. Students are taking this specialization on spectator sports business. You may be given a background on the dynamics and systems of a specific sport including how to manage salaries and bargaining agreements. This may serve as an entry point to take a Master’s degree in Business Administration in Sports Management.
Online vs. Brick
and Mortar Accounting Degrees
universities are offering various degrees, including graduate and Ph.D. levels,
to help distant learners and working professionals study part-time through an
online platform. In choosing the kind of platform to accomplishing your degree,
it should be in line with your academic goals, personal fulfillment, and lifestyle.
some students may learn better if they’re in a classroom setting so they can
discuss more unfamiliar topics. For some with mathematics acumen or necessary
flexibility in earning their degree, an online class may be a good option.
The top factors to
consider before deciding to enroll in the program include proper mindset, chosen
specialization or field of interest, the best school and location, and adequate
financing. Earning a degree in Accounting is no easy feat; it’s best to plan and
research ahead of time!
One of the
primary reason students choose on-campus degrees is the community and college
life. University life is something college students would not want to miss. So
if you’re a freshman taking up an accounting degree in a physical school, this allows
you to create networks and be part of the community. If you prefer to study
with a group, learn more through interactions, and study with a group, going
for a traditional school might be the right option for you.
in a physical class get immediate feedback during the study. In an online setting,
you might not be able to get instant feedback mainly if lectures are
pre-recorded. It may also be a challenge for students to raise questions for
online classes since most of these lectures are structured with a time-limit (though
you can reach them through a virtual portal). Teachers are also more likely to
pay more attention to student queries in a traditional classroom setting compared
its online counterpart.
There are often fewer
distractions when you’re enrolled for an on-campus accounting degree. Your
environment is set-up for learning conducive for focusing and studying. Classroom
settings are also ideal for flowing discussions where you get an immediate response
about a particular topic or discourse with other students which widens the debate
for further investigation.
taking an accounting class, you’ll likely ask questions about the fundamentals,
financial ratios, and accounting principles taught more clearly if it’s done
through the visuals. Though an online class provides this, accounting topics
can become complicated to those who are not mathematically inclined.
It’s not cheap
earning a degree. Hence, you allot money and time to accomplishing it. When
you’re taking a degree on-campus, you need to stick to a schedule. Currently,
some universities provide hybrid classes where some classes may be done online,
but practicums are done on-campus. For full on-campus courses, you will need to
set aside a schedule so you can hit the targeted schedule for accomplishing requirements.
Online Campus / Virtual Classes
For the most part, online classes are intended for distance learners looking to earn a degree abroad (particularly in the U.S) or adults with work commitments.
to take their classes online because of the convenience it offers. You’re not
restricted to a specific number of days in attendance per week to accomplish tasks
or sit in lectures. Online classes will only require your laptop (or desktop),
a headset, and a stable internet connection. It won’t matter where you take
your lectures provided that you take them accordingly since some schools set
them every week. Taking online classes also cuts down costs for logistics and
accommodations especially if your school is on a different state or country.
When you miss a
class on-campus, your GPA score usually takes a hit hence the necessity to take
your class promptly. An online campus is not restricted by this rule only that
you take them weekly (for most schools). When there’s an emergency or overtime
for work, this won’t be a problem on your end.
encounter people of different ages, race, and background when you take an
online platform. This may also be an excellent platform to get connected with
people from different parts of the globe.
and out-of-state students also find this a convenient way to take their
education further without giving up their current work or personal commitments.
Most of these online campuses have financial aid available to ease tuition fees for those seeking assistance. Whether you’re opting for a traditional or online degree, there are various ways to get financial help to pursue your education.
School grants are given as ‘free’ gift to eligible students. These don’t need to be repaid but require you to finish all the requirements stipulated in your program. Grants usually come with higher expectations like maintaining a particular GPA score to continue receiving the funds.
Loans are often
the most suitable type of financial assistance. You can borrow money through the
government (Free Application for Federal Students Aid or FAFSA), institutional
loan, or bank loan. If you’re opting to go for FAFSA, you will be required to
pay back the amount you loaned, but the government pays back its interest. With
private loans, you may encounter certain restrictions and requirements with
higher interest rates.
also offer scholarships. The requirements for the application can range from outstanding
academic accomplishments, sports, leadership, or arts. Private awards are given
to exceptional students with an extraordinary level of skill or intelligence. A
full commitment to excelling academically and earning a high GPA score are typically
required of Accounting degree scholars.
Students who are already committed to work may opt to go for Work-Study programs that serve as an alternative to financial assistance. Students are allowed to find part-time jobs within or without their schools in exchange for their education through this program.
Veterans and military personnel planning to take a new career path or enhance their skills set may want to look into Veteran Education benefits. Some schools with Yellow Ribbon or GI Bill programs provide financial help or credit transfers using your previous military courses, training, or experience. This may help cut down the time and money to accomplish your degree.
Pathways, Information, and Outlook
According to BLS, accountants and auditors have an expected growth of 10 percent from 2019 to 2026. Enrollees in numerous U.S-based universities and schools have shown an increasing number of students taking this course. Furthermore, data showed increasing demand to hire accounting graduates from as early as 2000 where accounting firms are hiring accountants predominantly for skills in auditing, taxation, financial auditing, and assurance services.
While this career
has a promising outlook, entry-level accountants work is not ‘glamorous.’
Routine tasks are expected. Eventually, you’ll get better at in time. What was taught
in school may not always be applicable in the real-world setting so learn the
trade fast to succeed in this industry. Expect things to be challenging at
first but make the most to accumulate new skills as you along. Also, it’s
expected that longer working hours happen during tax periods and yearly
Students with a
bachelor’s degree in Accounting may also get the opportunity to advance to senior
positions such as supervisors, financial manager, internal audit manager, commercial
vice president, top executive, and chief cost accountant. Accountants who excel
in their craft often become partners with other accountants and create a
and efficient communication are two essential characteristics of accountants.
They need to solve problems in a structured method and be able to relay it from
technical to layman terms (especially if you’re working in a company where there
are lots of clients and shareholders).
The annual wage for accountants (and auditors) are estimated around $70,500 as of May 2018 with finance, insurance, and company management as top paying industries. With cloud computing becoming fast staples in most companies, demand for accountants may be reduced unless he or she can efficiently wade through these types of technology.
Common Accounting Occupations
This is the most common route for accounting graduates. A tax accountant’s job is to look into financial records and taxes for an individual, private companies, corporations, or organizations. You’ll need to assess if the company is running efficiently and profitably. On average, entry-level accountants earn $42,650 per year. You should obtain at least an undergraduate in Accounting for this position. CPA credentials can boost your opportunities of landing better jobs and making more.
accountants are categorized into public accountants, management accountants,
and government accountants. In any of these, you need to have a strong foundational
knowledge of taxation laws. You also have to be adept in dealing with financial
accountants perform a broad spectrum of tasks aside accounting such as
consultations and audits for individuals, corporations, and government
entities. They conduct tax reform consultation and make recommendations for tax
advantages, income returns, and similar tax matters concerning businesses and
To become a public accountant, you’ll need to be a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and have your financial reports checked by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for annual and quarterly reports. A popular Public Accounting specialization is Forensic Accounting that involves investigating embezzlements and frauds and testifying in court.
Accountants are also known as private or corporate accountants. Though your
function will be similar to that of a public accountant, the reports you’ll be
making will be for internal purposes and not for public use. You will work on
budgeting, costing, and performance evaluation. You will work closely with
asset managers who set allocations for various securities for maintaining or
upgrading business profitability.
Accountants examine and maintain government finances. They also audit private
businesses or individuals to ensure that revenues from their taxes are
allocated and used in accordance with the law.
Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
The primary function of a CFO is financial management. This is a senior position where you will be managing risks, do financial planning, and keep financial records. You also assess cash flows, business performances, market opportunities, and risks. As CFO, you oversee the financial performance of all company departments, including IT, Human Resources, Accounting, and Finance.
reports are directly communicated to the CEO for evaluation and implementation
of plans. Entry-level financial managers that are future CFOs earn an average
of $99,500. Higher positions that involve corporate financials make $181,500
become a CFO, you’ll need to have an undergraduate degree in Accounting with at
least five years of relevant work experience.
auditor’s primary task is to check an organization’s financial sheets for
accuracy and regulatory compliance. You will test and validate the consistency
of accounting methods used by internal accountants. External auditors are
tasked to check for financial information and techniques on behalf of another taxing
entity or government agency. Internal auditors ensure the validity of their accounting
methods and find ways to improve the organization’s financial situation.
To become an auditor, you will need to have an undergraduate degree in accounting or finance. CPAs have higher opportunities for job employment. On average, entry-level auditors earn roughly $43,650 per year.
controller’s primary responsibility is to manage Accounting department
personnel. Being in a senior management position, the controller looks into the
financial activities of the company and reports these assessments directly to
the CFO. Some smaller companies combine the job of a CFO and a controller.
become a controller, you will need to have at least an undergraduate degree in
accounting. On average, controllers earn at least $74,000 per year.
a regular accounting job, a cost accountant’s task is to measure all costs
needed to produce a good or deliver a service. You will determine the fixed and
variable budget for these services and products such as overhead costs, R&D
(research and development), equipment costs, depreciation costs, and marketing.
The data will be used for budget allocation, financial projection, and expense evaluation.
You will likely work directly with other senior accountants and develop
strategies in reaching business goals for the company.
become a cost accountant, have at least a bachelor’s degree in finance or
accounting and relevant work experience. Entry-level Cost Accounting positions pay
around $66,340 per year.
managers assess and evaluate the financial health of the institution with a
high capacity to foresee risks and opportunities in various industries. You should
have an extensive background in statistics, analytics, and research as you will
be planning for the direction for the company’s investments with long-term
success in mind. You will be doing reports of these investigations and relay it
to upper management for evaluation.
Financial managers need to have at least an undergraduate degree in accounting to be qualified. Entry level financial managers earn roughly $67,620 with senior positions earning you around $208,000 per year.
This is a specialized field in Accountancy where the principles of Accounting and Law intertwine. As a forensic accountant, you will investigate unusual or suspicious financial activities of an individual, a private company, or an organization. Forensic accountants are specially trained in unearthing financial frauds. You will likely be hired by the government in tracking people and groups in question. In conducting the investigation, Forensic Accountants reconstruct details of the financial sheets and testify in court with these findings.
academic background in Accounting or Finance and Law will get you the job.
Forensic Accountants earn anywhere between $69,000 and $102,000 per year.
Certified Public Accountant
A Certified Public Accountant (CPA) can take on positions such as business consultant, public or private accountant, or auditor. You will be handling tax preparations, financial consultations, and corporate financial data. Because of their extensive training, CPAs are qualified for senior positions such as Chief Financial Officer or Financial Manager. The CPA exam is a four-part series that needs to be undertaken after graduating from accounting (whether as an undergraduate or graduate level). CPAs earn an average of $70,500 per year.
Accounts Payable Specialist
account payable specialist does the work of a clerk but specializes in outgoing
payments. You process payrolls and invoices, process check requests, give out
payments, and keeping records of these payments. Considering the nature of the
job, accounts payable specialists need to possess high attention to detail and
comfortable using accounting tools or software.
An undergraduate Accounting is a prerequisite for entry-level positions. You will earn $34,500 to $44,500 per year with this job.
bookkeeper, you will sort through numerous financial accounts. You will document
all transactions in the general ledger. You will create financial statements
and other reports that are necessary for taxation or upper management
information. Some bookkeepers do this on a per-project basis or as freelancers
for small businesses and individuals.
To become a bookkeeper, you’ll need to have at least some certification or undergraduate degree in accounting. Bookkeepers earn $25,260 to $61,650 per year.
Other accounting jobs that may be suitable for
Accounts Receivable Specialist
Highest Paying Accounting Careers
Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
is a senior position in the finance department with higher authority and more responsibilities.
CFOs are expected to be highly skilled and capable of taking on executive level
tasks such as planning for the organization’s long-term financial advancement,
reporting to other executives, and budgeting. CFOs are also tasked to oversee
big data and use modern technology such as analytics and artificial
intelligence. CFOs carry an MBA degree or any finance-related graduate degree, a
CPA accreditation, and at least 15 years of relevant experience.
Director is directly under the supervision of a VP of Finance and works primarily
with managers and employees in developing finance-related plans. You will have
a lot of latitude experience in this level hence a rich learning field for
those aspiring to become a CFO. You will be in charge of implementing financial
policies, oversee financial tasks such as tax reforms, budgeting, and credit,
and report to executives on the achievements and projections of these finances.
To become a finance director, you will need to have at least an MBA or MAcc
(Master’s in Accounting) for an entry-level position.
of Finance, you will lead and set financial plans according to the organization’s
goals. Other tasks involve strategizing debt finance, managing budget, and
evaluating the overall financial health of the company and communicating this
to the upper levels. You may also need to negotiate for contracts and other
investments for the benefit of the company. A VP of Finance position doesn’t
usually require a graduate degree in Accounting but earning one or an MBA makes
you better qualified for the job.
A financial manager heads the Finance department in maintaining the quality of outputs and credibility of financial reports. You will monitor staff accountants and other financial analysts. Working on a budget set periodically (e.g., quarterly or yearly), you will see about properly allocating budgets for projects and investigate in case that budget overshoots. Your reports will be sent to upper management.
As a financial manager, you are expected to have an in-depth understanding of accounting and financial, business, and economics concepts. This position typically requires at least five years of relevant experience. Highly competent financial managers hold a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) accreditation.
tax managers specialize in foreign regulations, cross-cultural backgrounds,
business practices, and transportation and logistics. This position is crucial
in pushing local businesses to a global scale. As such, international tax managers
are experts in trade regulations both in the US and foreign markets. As more firms
are merging and acquiring other companies abroad, global tax management becomes
crucial. To be qualified for this position, you need to have graduate-level
education in accounting, business, or international finance.
today is different compared to how it’s done in the Industrial Age. Individuals
who have a flair for creativity, and are skilled in programming are fit for Accounting
Software Development work. Equipped with knowledge in accounting tasks, your
job is to create solutions for the accounting personnel to significantly reduce
company expenses involving time and workforce.
Internal audit managers primarily evaluate the company’s finances. You will be in charge of risk assessment and compliance with the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing. You keep the organization’s finance departments up-to-date with relevant laws and recommend strategies to adjust to new taxation and other financial rules. To become an internal audit manager, you need to have relevant working experience and an undergraduate degree in Accounting or Finance.
account manager reports to the VP of Finance. You will run a specialized group that
looks into the organization’s accumulated assets and liabilities. Businesses
with extensive inventories, equipment, and multiple suppliers need a cost
account manager for evaluation purposes. You will make reports and deliver
results in controlling costs, increasing profitability, and creating strategies
in managing the company’s resources.
of an undergraduate degree in Accounting, Finance, or Business will be considered
for this role. Individuals with a Master’s in Accounting or Business may be
favored more than those without.
controllers are given critical jobs in the finance department, particularly in big
corporations. For smaller businesses, the corporate controllers are usually the
CFOs. You are considered the “oil” in the system as you ensure that all
financial matters are handled correctly. Your findings and reports will be used
by top management to make business plans and projection.
controllers usually have Accounting, Business, or Finance degrees under their
belt. Dual degree holders with CPA accreditation are better qualified for
to the Controller, Assistant Controllers ensure that the finance department keeps
up with procedures and practices. You will also evaluate reports and budget
plans as you oversee employees in the department.
Assistant Controllers need to have an undergraduate degree in Finance or Accounting
with a leadership background.
The number of personal financial advisors will rise by 15% until 2026. With more Americans getting wealthier, the job of personal financial advisors become even more critical. They are highly trained in wealth management to cushion clients against hard times. As a financial advisor, you will need to be knowledgeable in the financial market, accounting, and the law (for estate planning).
Build your credentials by becoming a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). If you’re considering consultation work, you should establish credibility in the field.
manager’s primary job is supervising accountants in that company. You will be
doing the work of manager so a background in management will be essential in
this case. As an experienced accountant, you will be handling reports on a
weekly to yearly basis, check financial data for accuracy, and ensure that the
accounting department is delivering results on time. You will need a master’s
degree in accounting or finance to get this position.
financial analysts can work in any industry. Considering the company is a
medium to big enterprise with a finance team, your task will be to check and
create recommendations to help improve profitability and cut down expenses. You
will be leading the group in strategizing with the people directly involved
with the money flow of the company ensuring all allocated resources are
maximized with minimal risks involved. You must have keen attention to detail,
determined to check for errors and points of improvement, and directly report
your finding with the VP of Finance, CFO, or director of finance. You will need
a bachelor’s degree in finance or accounting with relevant years of experience
as a financial advisor to get an entry-level position.
accountant is an entry point to gathering experience for this profession. You
often work in a firm catering to specific industries and handle basic accounting
tasks such as accounts payable and accounts receivables, budgeting, reporting,
and handling profit-loss documents. You will be more familiar with how the
accounting world works in real life scenarios and work (and learn) from
individuals with years of experience in their field of expertise. An
undergraduate degree in accounting is a pre-requisite for this job.
According to BLS, the demand for accounting graduates in the workforce is projected to be 10% until 2026. Accounting professors are those who provide up-to-date education to students who are on the path to becoming accountants themselves in the workforce. A graduate degree in Accounting with relevant work experience are typically required. Some professors are required to finish a doctorate program before being accepted in an institution to teach.
All U.S financial institutions follow the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) of 1970 setting standards for recording money transactions and reporting signs of money laundering. An AML officer is highly knowledgeable about the law, banking transactions and regulations and skilled analysts in transactions dealing with terrorism-related dealings. AML officers have high levels of inquisitiveness and a good foundation for research and law. You will need to have years of finance-related work experience with a graduate degree in accounting (forensics background) or finance.
The reality is that technology is becoming a staple in any company. Individuals with dual degrees in accounting and IT may find lucrative jobs as an IT accountant. You will need to be up-to-date on the latest technology and trends, investigate as to the kind of problem the finance department is facing, and create a solution using technology. Some IT accountants develop tools for specific companies or solve particular problems in the finance sector. If you’re a natural problem-solver, this may be the kind of industry you’d want to be in.
As a budget analyst, your task is to assess the financial status of the company and make recommendations in maximizing profits. Your in-depth knowledge of budgeting will help companies allocate money appropriately for more efficient spending. You will also be collaborating with the finance team in planning, improving, and monitoring budget and expenditure. An undergraduate degree in accounting, economics, and statistics is necessary for entry-level positions.
Sports are still America’s favorite pastime gathering crowds beyond its borders. From football to basketball, fans line-up outside stadiums to see their team win the game. The sports market is still moving on an uptrend with over 80 billion projection by the year 2022. Technology has also gotten some traction for sports fans through eSports. Spectator accountants may work under a company or per project basis. You will still do basic accounting tasks such as filing tax returns, preparing financial records, and have it reported to management, and recommend improvements. Most companies pick applicants with a graduate degree in accounting or business.
Auditors are those that check for financial records for reliability and accuracy. Depending on the institution, you could be working as an internal (company-based), external (third-party institutions checking other company records), government, and forensic. You will be tasked to evaluate a company’s financial sheets for frauds, making sure that taxes are observed accordingly, and economic methods and protocols are in accordance with law and regulations. Auditors must hold a bachelor’s degree in Accounting for entry-level positions. Those with CPA accreditation will find better job prospects.
government regulations are crucial to any organization. A compliance officer’s
main task is to help the companies comply on rules and regulation set for their
industry by the government such as environmental regulations, maintaining
professional business ethics in its dealings, and keeping personnel up-to-date
with new laws being passed out. To become a compliance officer, you need to
earn a graduate degree in business law or ethics with a dual degree or relevant
education in accounting or finance.
Forensic accountants are special ‘agents’ of the government in investigating financial anomalies whether that of a corporation or an individual. Some of the biggest frauds are done by skilled accountants who are good at ‘faking’ documents to make the company look profitable and dupe shareholders. This is a demanding job that requires accuracy, integrity, and extensive knowledge in accounting, finance, and business law. Entry level positions may require at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting.
Government accountants are those that work for a government agency. You may land an accounting job for a local, state, or federal agency. Your task will be to oversee procurements, evaluating contracts, and assessing budgets transacted for that specific agency. You should be knowledgeable of the fund accounting processes as these are budgets are already noted for particular government activities. A government accountant may require a bachelor’s degree in accounting as a prerequisite.
analysts are good at weighing the pros and cons of individual ventures and
investments. You will need to be exceptionally good in analyzing economies and
taking risks when an opportunity is presented. As a risk analyst, you will
likely work in a bank or insurance company. You will be assessing client
information, interpreting financial statements for credit reports, and maintaining
quality control for auditing. An undergraduate degree in Finance or Accounting is
needed for an entry-level position.
reality that businesses may often face unpaid credits from bills to suppliers.
As a credit analysis manager, your task is to ensure the company pays or
settles all credits on time. You will have to settle (or negotiate) all
payments with specific entitles or corporation to prevent any overshooting of
the set budget or going into court settlements. Credit analysis managers need
to have an in-depth background of corporate law, businesses, and finance or
accounting. Big companies prefer candidates with years of experience in
management and a graduate degree in forensics, law, or management.
Managerial accountants are those that look into the internal accounts of the company, which includes payroll, budgeting, asset management, auditing, and statement receivables. You will be doing reports for these evaluations hence the necessity for relevant work experience as a pre-requisite for the role. You will be in a leadership position that lets you handle teams, monitor for quality control, and look for market opportunities. Essential pre-requisites are a bachelor’s in finance, business, or accounting, preferably with a Certified Management Accountant accreditation. However, a keen sense in the economy and market analysis will also give you an edge for this job.
management is a specialized job in the finance department overseeing that all
taxes comply. Tax managers make sure that all federal and state taxes are
managed such corporate income tax, sales, and use tax. You will also be
expected to file reports periodically stating your evaluations for government
purposes. You will need to have an undergraduate degree in accounting or
finance and some relevant experience in tax work.
handle financial transactions between the company and the government. You will
need to be familiar with accounting basics such as debit and credit and
handling ledgers. Bookkeepers are very
attentive to the spending and profit of the business and usually coordinate
with other personnel in the finance department. For small businesses, bookkeepers
need to have a bookkeeping certification or an accounting background from work
clerks are responsible for keeping records of the business’ payrolls,
receivables, and payables. Unlike bookkeepers, accounting clerks work for big
companies. You should at least be familiar with the fundamentals of accounting
and the use of technology, especially accounting software. It’s essential that
you’re keen to learn and understand the tool used by the company to make sure
that your tasks are done efficiently and on time. Entry-level accounting clerks
only need to have a background in accounting or on-the-job training and a high
AP/AR clerk is responsible for looking into revenues and invoices (the AP and
AR transactions going to and out of business). This job requires high attention
to detail since you’ll be working on numbers, verifying information, and
getting all payments and receivables on schedule. Clerks working in big
companies may need to be highly skilled in data entry and research capabilities
with strong organizational skill. You will need at least a bachelor’s in Accounting
to land a job as an AP/AR clerk.
Consider this your ticket to ‘glamour’ land. Corporate entertainment accountants are CPA accredited professionals who work directly for movie studios and production institutions. You’ll be rubbing shoulders with famous movie makers, producers, and yes, the possibility of getting selfies with top celebrities in the movie and music industry. You will likely look into financial statements and work on budgets, the accuracy of embedded numbers, and royalty distributions, to name a few. While this work may have its perks, expect long working hours. On average, corporate entertainment accountants earn $55,000 per year.
Considered the ‘Sherlock Holmes’ in the financial industry, forensic accountants unearth questionable financial statements whether for company verification or government investigation. You will likely work with government agencies in uncovering frauds and terrorist transactions. Forensic accountants have high attention to detail and critical thinking to solve embezzlement and other fraudulent methods. CPA accreditation and a background in finance, law, or accounting will land you a promising career in this field.
Entrepreneurs in the U.S have been steadily rising and providing jobs for locals and abroad. From small to large businesses, entrepreneurial accountants are essential in helping these companies flourish and move forward in their endeavors. Just like an accountant, your task is to help companies in evaluating risks, finding opportunities, maximizing resources, and preventing unnecessary expenses. Pay for this type of job will vary, but those with certifications and work experience in a specialized field may earn better salaries.
The Internal Revenue Service is an agency from the government dealing with taxes. Your job as an IRS agent is to ensure that these entities, whether private or corporation, pay their taxes accordingly, follow regulations, and pay it on time. An IRS agent goes after tax violators where it can get physically demanding hence the necessity for being physically fit for the job. You will also be trained for firearm use for safety purposes. To become an IRS agent, an accounting background will be an advantage.
software is widely used in various organizations, personal use, and corporations.
An accounting software developer is a maverick in creating software solutions
for number-crunching issues unique to these companies. You will collaborate
with the finance team and investigate financial statements and reports. It is
essential that you have a background in researching, programming, and accounting
when you take on this role.
may find themselves lucrative and fulfilling careers in the non-profit
organization sector. Accountants may find themselves working in organizations
that deal with animal rights, saving the environment, or helping the homeless
get a better chance in life. Some accountants use this platform to land higher
paying jobs in the future. If you’re considering an enriched entry-level position
as an accountant, this may be an excellent place to start. Better opportunities
and salaries are given to those with CPA accreditation, graduate-level degree,
or those with dual degrees.
this is not a typical accounting job, ballot tabulators for significant awards
are accountants. The Heisman Trophy, a prestigious football award, is tabulated
by accountants from Deloitte andTouche. Accountants also do Oscars and
Grammy ballot tabulations. Certain firms are chosen for this task and will require
the firm to keep the results private.
Public Accountant (CPA) / Auditor
CPAs almost always have essential roles to fill in in every agency. CPAs are accredited accountants that have taken on a rigorous four-series exam making them valuable human assets for companies. If you carry this accreditation, you may be required to travel to verify financial records, methods, and accounting procedures for publicly-listed companies as an auditor. You may be required to travel from one state to another to observe processes and deliver evaluations. International travels are not far if you happen to work for big firms and look into foreign businesses outside the country.
Consultant / Banker
consultant, your years of experience are valuable, and your insights will help
businesses flourish with your recommendations. Investment bankers or
consultants help companies in merging or acquiring individual companies. Some companies
may be reaching out to you for consultation outside your hometown so frequent
traveling may be necessary for this job.
The wealthy among nations have been growing. Money managers are those that manage securities and investment for their high profile entities. Experienced money managers are often called to fly out of the state or country for clients that need money manager to secure and trade investments to get better profit returns. Money managers are those with fiduciary control over individual or corporate investments. In some cases, money managers are called portfolio or investment managers.
like auditors, bank examiners also monitor agencies except that they monitor
loans, credit unions, banks, and savings. You will be required to evaluate
banking practices and procedures within that organization and send reports to
agencies asking for it. Bank examiners often travel outside the country to
ensure the quality of bank practices and regulations are carried out of the
same company outside its hometown.
and Acquisition (M&A) Analyst
called an M&A analyst, these individuals specialize in merging of
businesses from America to that of nearby countries or states. Some local
companies may take on international trades and do business outside the U.S
hence the importance of this type of service. M&A analysts have a deep understanding
of the global market to guide them in acquiring or merging with potential
software developers is a specific industry for those that carry dual degrees in
both programming and accounting. Some companies may offer developers to visit
them in their hometown hence the necessity for frequent traveling. As an
accountant developer, you will need to research into current markets, assess
the needs of the company, and develop software to solve issues faced by the finance
department. Some software developers may be asked to educate the accounting
staff in using the program as well.
this may be a unique career, fleet managers are in charge of selecting vehicles
and ensuring all goods are delivered on time within established budgets. It’s
the kind of job that requires critical thinking, use of software programs, and
relevant experience in operations. While it’s not significantly number-crunching
work, companies abroad may require you to fly out of the country and manage processes
for their business. You will be handling profit-loss accounting using the
software and see if there are emerging patterns to improve or minimize losses.
should I have to be a successful accountant?
highly organized. Considering ‘organization’ is a key quality of an accountant,
you need to have this ability because you’ll face piles of figures and data.
When you have a good, reliable, and efficient system, you won’t have to waste
time getting to the next step and get timely results.
Accountants pay high attention to detail especially if you want to specialize in forensics. It is a meticulous job where you need to pay close attention to erroneous and ‘suspicious’ figures.
A good accountant requires consistency since you’ll be dealing with a lot of numbers and computations. When you make a mistake, ‘overhauling’ your work could take a considerable amount of your time. Inaccurate results may cause shareholders to doubt the credibility and profitability of a company because of inaccurate computations hence leading to loss of support and opportunities. You need to be patient, pay attention, express commitment, and work hard.
Accountants pay high attention to detail especially if you want to specialize in forensics. It is a meticulous job where you need to pay close attention to erroneous and ‘suspicious’ figures. A good accountant requires consistency since you’ll be dealing with a lot of numbers and computations. When you make a mistake, ‘overhauling’ your work could take a considerable amount of your time. Inaccurate results may cause shareholders to doubt the credibility and profitability of a company because of inaccurate computations hence leading to loss of support and opportunities. You need to be patient, pay attention, express commitment, and work hard.
It’s also an
accountant’s responsibility to know their clients and their goals. Aside from
excellent number-crunching skills, you need to understand the sector and industry
of your client or company. As an accountant, you bring value to your client’s
business by giving them recommendations for them to grow, expand, and make the
most of the market’s opportunities.
accountants have excellent communication skills. Your goal is to help your
clients understand what the numbers represent and how they can improve it. When
you were in school, you can easily communicate with your classmates because you
speak the same “language.” But when you become a professional accountant, you
need to disclose information into words understood by many.
time well is another characteristic of an accountant. Since you’ll be juggling
multiple tasks, you need to be strategic in planning and executing those tasks.
With a structured system is in place, you can effectively allocate time to research,
analyze, and execute those plans according to your set schedules. Back jobs
cost time and money. Furthermore,
clients will be happier when things are done faster and still get accurate
becoming more dominant in the daily lives of accountants, taking a basic IT
course might help give you an edge against other accountants. You will be faced
with various applications and software hence the necessity to learn whenever you
have the opportunity. Those who adapt faster will be given more opportunities
to sharpen their skills so you can better perform in the job.
goes hand in hand with ethics. Some businesses may get into a bind and feel
that the best way out is to break the law. When you have strong values and work
ethics, you can maintain the company’s sustainability and still follow the right
another crucial attribute of an accountant. Faced with rapid shifts in
technology, constant learning is a must for you to keep updated with the latest
tools. If there’s a learning opportunity, never miss the chance to do so.
will best complement my Accounting degree?
getting a minor or another major, it all depends on the industry you’d like to
pursue after graduation or if you decide to take another career shift.
Taking a minor in language may help you gain a new skill. Two-thirds of top executives speak at least two languages. Aside from cultural sensitivity, it also keeps you from misleading biases that may influence your decisions. This may also be an additional touch-up on your resume considering bi-linguists are better at mental juggling. It would also mean that you can negotiate with overseas business partners for expansions or joint ventures. Most of U.S companies prefer employees with dual languages mainly English and Spanish.
Multi-lingual CPA’s may find better opportunities as an account manager of an international company. It would also be a lucrative jump to start your private practice providing auditing, tax services, and accounting services to small business owners locally or overseas.
Taking a business
administration will give you a better insight into law, communication, ethics, and
marketing. Your education in international markets may also appeal to big
corporations on top of your accounting acumen. Your skill will help businesses
identify errors and improve outputs/profits, lessen the impact of losses, and
pitch business ideas.
With two degrees
under your belt, you can also do consultations hence giving you the freedom to
work at your own pace.
Businesses today work inherently with technology. A computer information system degree will help you wade through the latest technology in creating accurate financial projections and insights. Data is a big thing in any industry across the board. Accountants with an IT background may be looked on with more favor than those without.
another major that might complement an accounting degree. With the financial
markets always on the constant move, economists with a mathematical background delve
into deriving relevant results suitable for economies locally, nationally, or
internationally. Your skills and knowledge will become an asset particularly in
the government and private companies looking into international expansion.
If your passion
is teaching, you may want to look into education. Obtaining an education major could
help develop a framework for educating and persuading your audience. Your goal
is efficiency, clarity, and relatability. By having these two majors, you will
have broader job opportunities in the academic, research, and marketing
If your field is
into number-crunching and you’d want to know more about the financial markets,
taking finance with your accounting degree would only make sense. Equipped with
the fundamentals of accounting and finance, statistics, business principles,
and marketing, you will have the ability to work in any industry in assessing
and developing the organization’s strengths and weaknesses. You will have the
ability to weigh in risks and make financial decisions to improve profits and
Almost similarly to finance is mathematics, Finance primarily deals with financial markets and investments. Mathematics tackles statistics and calculus needed for making financial summaries of the company’s funds. This will be a plus on your resume if you’re considering technical jobs in the finance industry.
internships work with an Accounting degree?
If you’re taking
this course as an undergraduate, you may need a spring internship in the
institution you are enrolled in. A bachelor’s degree in accounting serves as an
entry-level platform for future accountants or preparation for higher education
if you plan to pursue a graduate degree or Ph.D.
Internships are vital
to helping students put to practice in real-world situations what they learned
in school. As part of the curriculum, students need to gain enough experience
necessary for professional accounting tasks.
To become a
professional accountant, earn at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting. Taking
an associate’s degree is not enough to cover all subjects necessary to prepare
you for full-time accounting jobs. Typically, full-time students earn their
degree in four years with around 120 to 150 credit hours to your degree.
programs usually consist of business, non-business, and business elements. For
some schools, only those pursuing graduate level accounting will undergo
of an internship from a particular company, you will have an idea on the kind
of tasks accountants do. If you happen to land an internship in a large
company, there’s a higher tendency they will hire you after graduation.
However, if you’re having a hard time finding employment, you will have enough
connections during the internship to lead you to other job opportunities.
corresponding academic credits added to your degree. However, if your school
doesn’t require you to do this, you can still apply for one on your own. This
will be a plus on your resume or lead you to a job in the future as most employers
find graduates who underwent internships more favorable.
Considering that accounting
degrees are available online, internships may differ from those taken
Students may take
their internships from accredited institutions near home. This would be
beneficial for students planning to practice their profession in their community.
internships may be available, but these are usually subject to school
regulations. Online students who struggle with managing their time, especially
with a course as part of their schedules, can serve as interns during work
vacation days and the weekends.
also be a way to add credit to your requirements, but this may vary per
institution. If your school doesn’t require you to take an internship and you’d
want to, it is best to ask about credit transfer eligibility. Many academic
institutions regularly present potential internship opportunities.
internships may be available and are suitable for those pursuing a
specialization on technology. For this to work, you have to be self-reliant and
comfortable with doing emails, Web conferences, and phone calls.
How do I prepare
for a CPA exam?
Prior enrolling in
an accounting specialization, it’s best to check the passing rate for graduates
taking the CPA exam. As this is considered an “enduring and rigorous” series of
exams, taking some time to research will help you in the long run.
a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) license, employers are likely to give you
better job opportunities considering your skill and knowledge. Aside from a
better job (and pay), CPAs have rewarding careers with better options.
Accounting graduates planning to take a CPA exam (also known as the Uniform CPA Examination) further enhance your knowledge on this subject. Prior taking the exam, the National Association of State Board of Accounting (NASBA) stipulated that students need to accomplish all necessary education (bachelor degree as a minimum requirement) and internship requirements (if applicable). If you’ve only acquired a 120-credit hour program, an additional 30 credit may be necessary before taking the CPA exam.
To obtain the
license, you need to take a four-part exam. However, you don’t take all four
parts at once. A Content Specific Outline will be provided to guide you on what
to expect for the exams. Exam tutorials and resources will be provided to help
you navigate through the study course.
“One size doesn’t
fit all” also applies to learning. While reading may work for some, some might
find interaction a better approach. Every moment counts so optimizing your
study method might help you get ahead of preparations.
Look for study materials
or review centers offering CPA study courses. Some students prefer to study from
accounting teachers, experts, and fellow reviewers in preparation for the exam.
Check for passing rates. Ask for the program format for this four-part exam.
Assess for money-back guarantee and return policies. Search for reviews and see
what others are saying about the program.
Online shops such
as eBay and Amazon may have some used review materials at a lesser price. If
you’re opting to shop online, make sure that you’re getting the latest
resources for this four-part exam. Set aside time for studying. Commit to 400
to 500 hours per month or 30 hours every week for the 16 weeks to stay on track
and make the most of your time. Despite its similarities with Accounting tests,
CPA exams cover a lot more material at less time to learn it all.
opportunity you can to learn. There are audio materials available that you can
listen during commute time or when you’re taking a walk. While you might not be
able to absorb everything, you can get the most of your study time during these
contemplating of pursuing higher education, choose either from a graduate
degree of the same program or a complementary one (such as Business
Administration or Finance) after you finished all the exams. Though CPAs primarily
work as public accountants, you also have opportunities to engage in business
valuation, taxation, international accounting, and personal financial planning
for private companies.
What are the
benefits of earning a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) credential?
are contemplating taking a CPA exam because of the opportunities it presents
after getting licensed. The demands and commitment needed to achieve this is no
easy feat hence the necessity to assess if you’re really up for the challenge.
aware by now that this requires advanced education, most commonly combined with
the undergraduate and graduate accounting program, as part of the preparatory
stage. However, some students are taking this after fulfilling their
undergraduate program for a smoother transition.
Other factors may
include the respect and prestige you’ll get. CPA holders are often considered
as the ‘elite’ group of accountants as they hold a high level of accounting proficiency
and skills than those without.
According to AICPA, here are several reasons why taking the CPA exam might help you advance your career. With new compliance standards, booming healthcare industry, use of digital technology, hiring people for organizational fit and skills, and utilizing project professionals (one-time but labor intensive accounting tasks such as merger and acquisitions), CPA holders are likely to land lucrative careers where the demand is high, but the supply is low. Currently, the most in-demand jobs in the U.S market are controllers, senior financial analysts, managers, and general accountants, payroll managers, and accountants with more than three years of work experience.
On average, CPA
holders in the U.S earn $56,000 per annum with entry-level positions ranging at
$45,000 to $75,000 per annum. Licensed CPAs are also likely to make 10 percent more
compared to those without the license. For some states, you will be required to
get at least two years of accounting work experience to be eligible for the CPA
During the first
years of your work as an entry-level accountant, you will be exposed to various
challenges and information. This is the best time to gauge and see which
department you’re likely to excel so that when you take the exam, you’ll know
which direction to take afterward. Some graduate students may be considering
taking the exam (or are already studying for the CPA exam) during their 2nd
to the 3rd year of work experience.
CPAs can either
take public accounting or private accounting (or corporate/management
accounting). Public accountants are likely to earn more than those practicing
in the private sector. If you’re contemplating on public accounting, you can
choose auditing or assurance, advisory, IT audit or assurance, and taxation. While
the demands for this job may be challenging, public accounting generally promises
with higher pay and better benefits than private practice.
For private accountants, you may be required more than just a CPA license. Some companies need CMA (Certified Management Accountant), and CIA (Certified Internal Auditor) licenses to be eligible for the job. Entry-level positions for this practice include internal auditor, accounts payable, chief financial officer, financial analyst, and corporate accountant to name a few. Most graduates opt to practice in a private company since transitioning to more rigorous accounting work is easier.
If you are working for a larger company, expect a higher pay with more significant responsibilities. International companies such as the ‘Big 4’ accounting firms may provide exceptional benefits, perks, and privileges. But with smaller firms, employees are given more flexibility with access to management. Some CPA holders work for smaller firms to get more say on the benefits and possibly get higher positions as the firm grows.
Every country has a system that controls crime and imposes penalties on those who violate the laws of the land. In the U.S., it is known as the Criminal Justice system. It is a set of legal and social institutions for enforcing criminal law according to a defined set of procedural rules and limitations. This system is often divided into separate entities-the federal, state, and military Criminal Justice systems. There are also different systems that govern the crimes of adults and juveniles.
the Criminal Justice system, one will find significant subsystems consisted of
one or more public institutions and their workforce, from police and law
enforcement agencies, trial and appellate courts, and the prosecution and
public defender offices to probation and parole agencies, custodial
institutions, and the department of corrections. Each jurisdiction has its own
set of sentencing guidelines commission.
who want to be a part of the Criminal Justice system can build their career by
studying Criminal Justice. Often used interchangeably with criminal law and
criminology, Criminal Justice refers to the interdisciplinary study of the
police, criminal courts, correctional institutions, and juvenile justice
Students who are interested in working in this field will be glad to know that the Criminal Justice employment outlook is looking good. It also compensates well. A probation officer, for example, can earn as much as $51,410 annually.
Criminal Justice as a Degree
exciting field with many sub-fields, a Criminal Justice degree is the best
choice for those applying for most sought-after jobs in the Criminal Justice
system, from criminal investigator to a law enforcement officer.
focus of your Criminal Justice degree depends on the type of career you want to
pursue after college. Some courses tackle the Criminal Justice system itself,
technology in forensics, corrections system, the court and its relation to law
enforcement, and the Criminal Justice theories.
Justice students complete courses in Statistics, Psychology, and Criminology. Most
programs let students choose their areas of interest. It can be in the
paralegal studies; others aim to master forensic science. A Criminal Justice
degree is also a good foundation for those who want to become a police officer
and climb the ladder leading to positions like that of a detective.
and post-graduate degrees are offered to Criminal Justice students. Generally,
the program curriculum focuses on preparing students to understand the ins and
outs of the system and the institutions involved. Courses emphasize ethical
concerns, social, and behavioral influences on crime and delinquency.
are expected to choose their preferred electives, which can build their career
track specializations in different areas of Criminal Justice, including
corrections, juvenile justice, law enforcement, legal studies, international
justice, or management and administration. Some schools encourage practical
experience. Hence they offer internship programs which place students in roles
that involve navigating the justice system.
of the coursework that students can expect to learn in the Criminal Justice
Theory and Practice of Criminal
Drugs and Society
Crime in America
Principles of Investigation
Criminal Law and Procedure
Statistics in Criminal
Research Methods in Criminal
Criminal Justice Internship
who want to take up a degree program in Criminal Justice are usually asked to
submit their application form and other necessary documentation requirements to
the university or college of their choice. Some are required to undergo placement
testing before they can be admitted.
helps if aspiring students have an interest in the aspects of the law, the
psychology behind criminal behavior and the law enforcement agencies operate.
This degree requires you to learn all of that and more, after all.
justice doesn’t just limit you to police work, however; the field includes
forensic science and psychology, paralegal work, counter-terrorism, cyber-crime
prevention, and information security.
Types of Criminal Justice Degrees
field of Criminal Justice is becoming competitive. Qualified applicants take
advantage of the growing industry. Many organizations and agencies prefer
applicants with a college degree for many key positions. Having a degree in Criminal
Justice is a definite advantage in this day and age, opening up a wealth of
employment opportunities. There are several types of Criminal Justice degrees,
and each has different benefits. Here are the different levels that you can
Most positions in the law enforcement field require minimum educational attainment. Usually, a high school diploma can suffice. However, times are changing. More and more agencies are now seeking applicants with an associate degree, at the very least. In an associate’s degree, students will be able to learn all about the fundamentals of law enforcement, court systems, corrections, theories of crime causation, and crime control policies. All of these can help them acquire fundamental knowledge on the Criminal Justice system and help navigate the complexities of law enforcement.
is where they learn Criminal Justice terms and examine relevant courses like the
role of law enforcement, Criminal Justice policies, U.S. court and correctional
systems, and forensic science fundamentals.
bachelor’s degree level, on the other hand, can be the best ticket to many
different Criminal Justice positions, like those in law enforcement and private
investigations. They can also work as probation officers, FBI agents, and as
members of judicial courts. Just like in an associate degree, a bachelor’s
degree program covers the basics of Criminal Justice, although in a more
in-depth approach. Students can choose their specializations, such as law enforcement,
legal systems, or corrections. They are also encouraged to acquire practical
experience through internship programs.
of the topics they will cover include:
Justice system for minors
Criminal parole and probation
Relationship between law
enforcement, judiciary, and corrections
Social and Criminal Justice
Application of social justice
you want to explore the depths of Criminal Justice more and develop expertise
in a particular field, it is ideal for taking up a master’s degree. This degree
level considers an associate’s or bachelor’s degree as prerequisites. Most
graduates with a master’s degree in Criminal Justice go on to become officers
in court or Criminal Justice instructors. Others choose the path of social
this program, students focus on developing their research skills and
theoretical knowledge. They look at illegal behavior more thoroughly, examining
the factors that can influence it, mentally, physically, and socially.
Students can expect to cover the following topics in this program: philosophical and historical foundations of justice, applied statistics in Criminal Justice, Criminal Justice analysis, forensic identification and profiling techniques, data analysis in criminology, and survey of criminology theories.
like any other doctoral programs, a doctorate in Criminal Justice is most
suitable for those who want to teach university-level Criminal Justice courses.
It is, understandably, more intense and concentrated than a master’s degree
program. Students deal with comprehensive exams, and complete a dissertation.
of the most common subjects for doctorate programs are criminal psychology,
diplomatic relations, homeland security, and many others.
Criminal Justice Specializations
and agencies work together to fulfill their function in the Criminal Justice
system. There is a wide range of specializations within the field, from the
police and other members of the law enforcement organizations to the court
system, caseworkers, and corrections officers. Those who are interested in
building their Criminal Justice must examine their options. What stage of the
system is most suitable for you? What is your interest in the Criminal Justice
you want to follow a career that deals with investigating and prosecuting
crimes, a specialization in that particular field can set you straight to your
chosen path. Having a specialization can help you develop the required and
relevant skills needed for a specific position. This will tailor your courses
to your goals.
gain a better understanding of case management the complex dynamics of
addiction and offender treatment, a specialization in the corrections field can
help students. This is where they learn all about the goals and philosophies
essential in correctional interventions. It also helps them come up to sound
decisions when it comes to criminal sentencing and penal sanctions.
scene investigation allows students to explore the sciences behind law
enforcement practice and crime-scene investigations. This specialization, known
as Forensic Science, focuses on defining the cause and manner of a person’s death.
A forensic scientist may also be tasked to notify the victim’s next of kin,
interview witnesses, and interpret crime-scene photography.
Security and Crisis Management
this specialization, students will be able to work in developing a solid
foundation in Criminal Justice that can help them dig deeper into crisis
management, ethical issues, critical infrastructures, terrorism, and homeland
security. They will learn the specific techniques for protecting critical
infrastructures, intelligence gathering, and technologies that are essential in
preserving the protection of the homeland.
course aims to arm them with foundational knowledge across a range of
discipline, from risk analysis, emergency plans, and strategic communications
to national security and public policies that govern homeland security and risk
rewarding field of law enforcement allows students to explore the relationship
between the police force and the communities they are serving. This
specialization tackles the fundamentals of Criminal Justice, from police ethics
and public policy to developing programs that empower communities in reducing
crime. Students who specialized in this program will be able to create
knowledge in police theory, law enforcement practice, and organization
from positions in law enforcement, corrections, and other public fields, your Criminal
Justice degree can also give you opportunities in social work and forensics.
Online vs. Brick and Mortar Criminal Justice Degrees
the field of Criminal Justice is continuously growing, universities have been
offering the program to allow students to build their chosen career. Whether
you want to enter the police academy or become a private investigator, a Criminal
Justice degree is a good investment. With the emergence of technology, it
becomes even easier to acquire an associate’s, bachelor’s, or master’s degree
for Criminal Justice. Students also have the option to earn it online.
But which is better, online or brick and mortar Criminal Justice degree?
For those who want discipline and interactive learning, they can go for a traditional Criminal Justice degree. This method of learning lets them interact with their classmates and develop teamwork. Many of the on-campus Criminal Justice programs are accredited. Some of the most acclaimed schools offering a degree in Criminal Justice include Rutgers University in Newark with a B.S in Criminal Justice. There are also the University of Iowa, West Virginia University, and George Mason University.
Those who are already working might find it hard to juggle their school and career. Fortunately, online degree programs are available for working adults who want to explore the field of Criminal Justice or further their education for better chances at promotions. Online degree programs are flexible and do not necessarily require their presence on-campus all the time. They can earn a degree at their own pace, too. Some of the notable online schools offering Criminal Justice degree programs are Arizona State University, the University of Massachusetts in Lowell, University of Louisville, and Ball State University.
Financing Your Criminal Justice Education
Federal student loans, which include direct subsidized and unsubsidized loans, provide lower interest rates than private loans. Some loan plans are exclusive to Criminal Justice students and graduates, such as the NDSL/Perkins Loan Cancellation program that allows up to 100% loan cancellation for full-time law enforcement or corrections officers.
Scholarships and grants from schools, private companies, and the government are made available to Criminal Justice students. An example is the COAG (Constitutional Officers Association of Georgia) and Anderson Criminal Justice Scholarship.
Criminal Justice Career Pathways, Information, and Outlook
There is nothing more exciting and equally daunting than deciding on your career path. The field of Criminal Justice is vast and varied. It can be challenging to pick the best one that is most suitable for your goals and qualifications. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the job outlook between 2016-2026 for careers in Criminal Justice is growing 7% faster than average. As of 2016, there 807,000 number if Criminal Justice jobs.
is also projected that jobs will be most plentiful for professionals who hold a
master’s degree in a discipline with industry application. Graduates can seek
positions in the local, state, or federal law enforcement agencies. Some of the
skills and training that they should hone include know-how in computer science,
forensics, psychology, cyber crimes, accounting, and even finance.
Criminal Justice graduates enter the field of law enforcement and corrections. Others
go on to become professors in esteemed universities while some choose to serve
as social workers.
10 Common Criminal Justice Occupations
Unlike many programs
in liberal arts and social sciences, the criminal justice degree program emphasizes
real-world applications and is in demand by public and private sectors.
Students under this degree program have extensive training as well as earn
practical skills, allowing them to have the education and skills crucial to
landing a career.
Obtaining a criminal
justice degree can prepare you to get employed for several career opportunities
within the field of criminal justice. While the most common or large population
of professionals in the criminal justice field are police officers, there are
numerous job options that you may want to explore from computer forensic
specialist to FBI agent. Given the fact that there are several opportunities
for you in the field, you can find the right career for you that will match
your salary expectations, skills, interests, and passion. It is one of the best
disciplines for people with a broad set of skills.
Professionals in the Criminal
Justice field use their knowledge and training in sociology, political science,
psychology, and criminal justice to establish successful careers in the
justice field is a vast field. As a result, there are many professions to
choose from. However, this list explores ten common criminal justice
occupations, together with a longer list of related occupations.
maintain public safety and order, collect pieces of evidence from crimes,
pursue and arrest people who commit crimes. They are responsible for the
prevention, investigation, and report on suspicious activities. Police officers
either work for the Federal, local or State agencies adhering to a strict code
of conduct regarding their roles and responsibilities while maintaining the law
and integrity of their police powers. An associate or a bachelor’s degree in
criminal justice or law enforcement is preferable by most private companies or public
sectors. Several medical examinations, written and physical fitness tests, as
well as training, are required for employment qualifications.
Starting Salary: $38,850/year
Security guards are
sought after wherever there are properties and people to protect. They monitor
and patrol establishments, buildings, residential areas, and other places to
prevent or stop crimes, theft, or violence. A security guard may also monitor
employees as they are in and out of the building, ensuring the safety of
everyone in the company. The majority of them have high school diplomas and are
employed immediately in entry-level positions. However, some pursue additional
training and education, such as an associate’s degree to land a more top paying
Starting Salary: $28,963/year
advocates offering clients personal or business courses of action with the alignment
of research, laws, and judiciary decisions. They represent parties in criminal
trials advising their clients regarding legal rights and obligations. These
people can specialize in a specific field of law such as criminal law,
intellectual property, international law, or environmental law, among others.
Lawyers earn a bachelor’s degree, study three years of law school to prepare
for bar examinations and some licensing programs as a requirement of the
practice of their profession.
Starting Salary: $74,980/year
FBI Agents are one
of the highest paid professionals in the criminal justice field. They are
highly trained individuals who investigate spying activities, terrorism, cybercrime,
public corruption, civil rights violation, crimes, and weapons of mass
destruction. Before becoming an FBI agent, individuals must undergo extremely
rigorous hours of training in academics, operations, firearms training, and
case exercises. FBI Agents have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited
institution. There are numerous career opportunities that these professionals
can start with, including Intelligence Analysis, Finance, and Accounting,
Information Technology, Engineering, or Applied Science, to name a few.
Starting Salary: $56,980/year
Judges are influential
decision makers, often having to make a conclusion or verdict based on the pieces
of evidence presented during trial hearings. They are responsible for making
sure that lawyers comply with the rules and leading trial procedures. Also,
these people preside over court hearings, uphold the rights of individuals
involved in legal processes, and manage legal proceedings. Judges are elected
or appointed by the public or the government.
Before becoming a
judge, they earn undergraduate studies of any degree; however, the majority of
them hold degrees in business or commerce, economics, history, or political
science. After receiving an undergraduate degree, they proceed with graduate
studies by earning a Juris Doctor degree in Law, completing three years of
study at a law school accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA).
Prospective lawyers with JD degrees must pass the Bar Exam and later on work as
attorneys before acquiring their judgeship. Lawyers must be appointed to become
judges. Opportunities in continuing education are required on most judges
throughout their profession to stay up-to-date with the fundamentals of law.
Starting Salary: $104,000/year
work with offenders who have served their time in prison for serious crimes,
supervising people who have been released from jail and remanded to parole,
demonstrating ethical behavior and compliance with the policies and conditions
of parole. They help offenders join fitting support programs and treatments
such as anger management or substance abuse. They enlist them to house
assistance and vocational programs so that they can be employable. To become a
probation officer, a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, social work,
psychology, or any related field is required. There are additional training and
certifications needed to become a probation officer such as firearm
certifications or a valid driver’s license.
Starting Salary: $43,862/year
supervise inmates who have been jailed and are being held for trial procedures.
They are in charge of those who have been convicted of serious crimes and
serving time in prison, penitentiary, or reformatory. They document inmates’
behavior and anything unusual during their shift, inspect all areas of the
prison or institution, guard against prisoner escapes, and maintains order in
the institution. Corrections officer can establish their careers with only a
high school diploma. However, prospective candidates earn an associate or a
bachelor’s degree in criminal justice to seek career advancement. In some
federal sectors, corrections officer must obtain a bachelor’s degree or three
years of professional experience in a related field.
Starting Salary: $42,000/year
Crime Scene Investigator
Investigators work at crime scenes, taking photographs, creating an illustration
of the crime scene and jotting down detailed information about the crime scene.
They investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing physical evidence as well
as collect tissue, body fluids, and hair from a crime victim. Crime scene
investigators collect and analyze all the pieces of evidence in the objective
of providing accurate information that will help in convicting the person of a
crime. They are meticulous about details and able to prepare reports, forms,
and written documentation about their findings. Prospective candidates must
earn a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice or any related field such as
chemistry or biology.
Starting Salary: $58,230/year
help catch and convict suspects in criminal matters. They handle pieces of
evidence from crime scenes for police departments for investigation. They
collect pieces of evidence and analyze these in a laboratory and summarize
their reports and findings in written documentation. Forensic scientists can
specialize in biochemistry, blood spatter patterns, fingerprinting, handwriting
analysis, or chromatography. They may find work in federal, local or state law
enforcement agencies, hospitals, and crime laboratories. Also, they use laboratory
facilities to analyze evidence collected at the crime scene to determine if
certain substances and objects are related to the victim and the suspect.
Forensic scientists usually hold a bachelor’s degree in the natural sciences or
a master’s degree in forensic science. Employment awaits candidates who undergo
extensive training on laboratory equipment use.
Starting Salary: $54,990/year
to solve the reasons behind the motive of the crime or predicts when the next
crime will be committed. They use their understanding of psychology and human
behavior in combination with knowledge and background of demographics and crime
rates to untangle the root cause of criminal activity. They are a type of
sociologist, working on preventing crimes and profiling types of crimes.
Criminologists usually have a bachelor’s degree in criminology, psychology or
sociology. However, a master’s degree in behavioral science or any related
field is preferable by many federal and private industries.
Starting Salary: $43,487/year
Other Criminal Justice Occupations
Indeed, the field
of criminal justice is broad; thus, there are several opportunities suitable
for everyone’s interest and goals. It is an exciting field of study for people
who have a specific set of skills. If you are interested to know other criminal
justice-related professions, we have listed other occupations that will broaden
up your horizon.
30 Highest Paying Criminal Justice Careers
The criminal justice field offers a wide selection of career
opportunities. The federal, local, and state government agencies provide
numerous job openings in the related field. Also, private sectors offer
employment opportunities for prospective candidates. Some criminal justice job
opportunities require a college degree, while some only require a high school
diploma. However, salaries and career advancements are directly related to
earning an undergraduate or graduate degree. Depending on your preference and
passion, wages should not be the primary indicator of a fulfilling career in
the criminal justice field. There are several factors, such as lifestyle,
interest, work conditions, and work benefits.
Our list provides the top 30 highest paying criminal justice jobs,
including their salaries and roles.
Lawyers have one of
the most lucrative salaries in the criminal justice field. They can work
anywhere either from small courts or in multi-district litigation. Some of them
establish their law firms, while some work for large firms. They represent
their clients in civil and criminal trials regarding their rights and
obligations. To become a lawyer takes a lot of time and resources; however, the
rewards are fulfilling and worth it. Lawyers can specialize in a specific field,
including insurance, criminal law, international law, bankruptcy or
environmental law among many other concentrations.
Lawyer Salary: $163,000/year
Secret Service Agents
dedicate their lives to protecting the lives of dignitaries and work in
unraveling a fraud investigation for government sectors. The nature of their
job mainly involves case investigation without compromising the safety and
security of the majority. They have one of the most dangerous professions in
the criminal justice field. Secret service agents are often involved in
traveling for work assignments. Also, they learn protocols which revolve
protection of the common good or government properties at the highest level.
They undergo personal background examinations and may need to carry a weapon
for their safety.
Service Criminal Investigator
Service Criminal Investigators usually investigates financial issues such as
money laundering and fraud. However, when tax evasion becomes a deliberate act,
the criminal investigator is sent by the internal revenue service criminal
investigators to facilitate. These professionals must have familiarity with the
techniques used in the forensic exploration of internet banking systems and
automated systems. They must have the capabilities to analyze and interpret
complex financial data.
Service Criminal Investigator Salary: $115,871/year
Specialists own magnifying lens that hovers fingerprint fragments that are
essential in carrying out their specific roles and responsibilities. They can
reconstruct the profile of criminals through the use of latest technologies,
combining all the pieces of information or details to come up with written
documentation that will serve as strong evidence to the perpetrators of the
crime. Fingerprint specialists may testify in courtrooms during trial
Specialist Salary: $105,211/year
Judges lead trial
hearings and ensure lawyers comply and abide by the rules and regulations of
the court. They are responsible for making important decisions, creating a
verdict based on the pieces of evidence presented during the trial. Judges
start their careers as lawyers, allowing them to gain experience and practice
their profession. Nominations from the public or government sectors are the way
to become a judge after years of study and professional experience.
Judge Salary: $104,000/year
Customs Border and Protection Officer
Customs Border and
Protection Officers inspect and screen individuals as well as inspect goods
crossing in and out of the U.S. borders. They have good judgment and a careful
eye for unusual or suspicious activities or physical appearances. Customs
border and protection officers are familiar with the laws and regulations which
cover what items are allowed to take in and out of the United States.
Furthermore, they must be comfortable in questioning and apprehending
Customs Border and
Protection Officer Salary:
Information Security Officer
Officers are firewall experts who know the assessment and protection of
security systems for organizations. They are people who enjoy keeping up to
date with the latest technological innovation in infrastructures and network
security. Also, these people ensure the safety and security of the system and
its compliance with specific standards.
Security Officer Salary:
Federal Protective Service Officer
Service Officers have a great sense and knowledge about federal buildings and
facilities that require continuous protection and safety measures. They receive
training to understand the vulnerabilities of building facilities and ensure
safety from terrorist attacks. These people promote the safety and security of
the building facilities, providing the installation and maintenance of security
systems and fire alarms. Moreover, they organize emergency preparedness drills,
create contingency plans, and employ a K-9 aided team to preserve the safety of
establishments or specific areas.
Service Officer Salary:
Crime Scene Supervisors
collect and gather pieces of evidence at a crime scene as well as supervise a
team of crime scene technicians who work with them. They have extensive
knowledge with the ins and outs of gathering evidence at the crime scene. They
are knowledgeable with fingerprint lifting, and taking photographs of blood
spatters for investigation. Crime scene supervisors write documentation and
reports of findings created by their team. Also, they possess excellent
communication skills as well as the ability to follow standards.
Enforcement Agents are responsible for detaining and expelling foreigners who
violate the laws and policies of U.S. borders. They protect the country by
overseeing terrorist and drug smugglers. They process and transport individuals
suspected of malicious transactions within their jurisdiction. There are times
these professionals learn a foreign language.
Customs Enforcement Agents (ICE Agents) prevent smuggling activities of any
kind between the United States and international borders. Often, they apprehend
criminals who transport illegal guns or drugs in the country. Also, they
control and prevent illegal migrants from entering the U.S.
Customs Enforcement Agent Salary: $86,047/year
Prison wardens are
responsible for overseeing the entire area of prison facilities operations.
They must have an overview of the cost and maintenance of prison upkeep and
maintenance as well as supervising on the grounds, cafeteria, and the staff.
One of their responsibilities includes monitoring inmates who are released or
detained. Also, they must have an in-depth understanding and background of
psychology and excellent communication skills with a sense of order and
Service Internal Security Inspector
Service Internal Security Inspectors see to it that no corruption, fraud, and
anomalies within the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). They make sure that
employees have a high level of integrity and honesty within the department.
These people investigate misconduct or any illegal transactions involving
people who are in the IRS, including corrupt employees and bribery. Also, they
conduct a background check of all prospective IRS workers.
Service Internal Security Inspector Salary: $73,000/year
Specialists locates and investigates illegal activities and transactions that
have taken place in digital settings such as laptops, computers, or mobile
devices. They are meticulous people who can conduct reports and documentation
that are important for interrogatory interactions. These people may interview
criminals or showcase pieces of evidence during trial hearings.
Investigators is to check and verify whether a particular set of processes
within the government sector is fully compliant with ethical standards. They
eliminate and correct all kinds of fraud and inefficiency in the governmental
offices. Moreover, they verify financial records of departmental processes to
ensure there are no discrepancies in the office.
FBI Agents are highly
trained individuals who have numerous responsibilities, working to protect and
defend the U.S. in a multitude of probable capacities. They work against civil
rights violations, violent crimes, public corruption, cybercrime, significant
thefts, or terrorism. They are part of an organization that values integrity
and commitment to the foundation. FBI agents are one of the few glamorized law
enforcement positions in the country, maintaining its reputation and
credibility at the highest level. The majority of them studied political science,
criminal justice or engineering, while a few of them completed a degree in law.
FBI Agent Salary: $68,209/year
Administration Agents evaluate evidence and collaborate internationally to stop
dangerous criminals who supply the country with illegal drugs. They investigate
massive criminal activities related to drug imports, and related crimes in the
U.S. DEA agents facilitate drug intelligence programs and are accountable for
criminal arrests. They have risky roles and responsibilities as they may work
in dangerous or remote areas. A DEA agent’s job requires a bachelor’s in
criminology, criminal justice, or any related field.
Administration Agent Salary: $65,000/year
conduct interviews with the criminals’ family members or identify pieces of
evidence gathered by the police department. They are often called by the police
department to assist them in figuring out the person responsible for the crime
or how it took place. Criminal profilers have the capabilities to break down
basic data or evidence to establish personal or psychological profiling of the
criminals and how the crime was committed.
Criminal Profiler Salary: $62,888/year
Customs Inspectors are
people who quickly notice suspicious behaviors and telltale signs of
individuals who smuggle in illegal weapons or drugs. They make sure that people
and goods crossing the borders of the United States do not harm or pose any
threats to the country. In exceptional cases, they undergo training to work
with canine units to complete their roles and responsibilities. Moreover, they
work with law enforcement agencies and Homeland Security.
U.S. Postal Inspectors
evaluates and investigates incidents that involve the U.S. postal service. They
check people who send illegal substances through the mail. If the letter looks suspicious,
U.S. postal inspectors are not allowed to open it without a search warrant.
U.S. postal inspectors must possess excellent analytical thinking skills and
sincere interest in protecting the common good.
Inspector Salary: $61,503/year
Policy Advisors work with senior officials within the government in preventing
domestic violence or human trafficking. They provide assessment and counseling
of employees regarding criminal justice policies on the federal, local, or
state level. Criminal justice policy advisors assess old processes and develop
new and improved programs to satisfy the needs of society. The majority of them
have excellent verbal and non-verbal communication, providing solutions and recommendations
through written proposals as well as the ability to see how the system works.
Examiners are interested in keeping up-to-date with the latest innovations and
computer technologies. They trace criminal activities on deleted computer files.
They are experts at knowing how to reveal and restore deleted or hidden files.
Digital forensic examiners must be able to work alone and work long hours on a particular
assignment. They often require education and certifications in computer and
digital forensics programs or criminal justice.
Examiner Salary: $60,618/year
and assess pieces of evidence and clues related to the crime and put together
the pieces of information to establish a report and findings. They must know
how to interpret unique clues on DNA samples and traces of evidence in a
discharged firearm. They rely on scientific approaches, not psychic abilities,
to solve the mysteries involved in a specific crime. They need to have
excellent communication and analytical skills.
Criminalist Salary: $59,926/year
Border Patrol Agent
Border Patrol Agents
are dedicated to providing safety and security of borders from illegal migrants
and terrorist activities. They must be familiar with different devices that
track unlawful entry to the U.S. Border patrol agents’ primary role is to be
vigilant and alert of any unwanted physical activities within the borders of
the country. The majority of them are usually assigned in remote areas.
Furthermore, they must be able to screen people while vested in firearms.
Border Patrol Agent
Officers determine the prison sentence of convicted individuals. They receive
training in psychology and use their capabilities and understanding of human
behavior when screening and interviewing inmates. Classification officers
verify and assess prisoners’ records and background altogether in making
assessments or profiling. They must have an excellent sense of judgment to
assess and comprehend criminals’ records.
Officer Salary: $57,471/year
Analysts are experts in understanding and evaluating information that will
uncover terrorist groups and activities harming the security of the United
States. They have a strong background in cultural and anthropological aspects
of terrorist groups threatening the country. Also, they present mitigation
plans and excellent strategies to discover a series of developing terrorist
activities. These people possess excellent logical skills and must be updated
on international affairs as well as they often speak and understand multiple
Analyst Salary: $56,000/year
identify and subdue suspected illegal immigrants in the U.S. They know the
rules and regulations which define an illegal immigrant status. Deportation
officers also work with Homeland Security to make sure all related matters and
paperwork are adequately handled. Deportation officers must have a few years of
professional experience in the standard law enforcement field.
Crime Lab Analyst
Crime Lab Analysts
have one of the most exciting jobs in the criminal justice field. They
integrate the sciences and showcase their knowledge and capabilities in a
forensics laboratory. They study and analyze pieces of data or information
extensively from crime scenes to prove the innocence or guilt of people who are
involved in criminal behavior. They produce written documentation based on DNA
results or molecular biology. Also, some of them may provide their results or
testify in court hearings.
Crime Lab Analyst
Criminologists have an
in-depth understanding of psychology and human behavior with a background in
demographics and crime rates to uncover the root causes of such action. They
discover the mysteries why these crimes have been committed or predict when the
next crime will likely to happen. Some of them work in the crime prevention
field, understanding the crime based on psychological approaches or
are people who maintain peace and order within the prison facilities or
detention establishments. They assign people who will be in charge of inmates
within the jails. They monitor transactions and records of inmates’ visitors
and related activities. They are always on alert for illegal activities and
exchange of drugs and weapons within the facilities. People with vigilance are
suitable for this position.
Officer Salary: $34,964/year
Part-time Criminal Justice Jobs
As a criminal justice degree holder, you have the countless
opportunities and possibilities to get a career as a real-life counterpart of
superheroes and crime-fighting guys in movies. In the real world, the criminal
justice field can also offer job security.
If you are looking for extra income opportunities, apply for these part-time
positions offered by private companies and government sectors:
Faculty Criminal Justice
Hospice Social Worker
Criminal Justice and Criminology Temporary Part-Time Faculty
Case Manager Criminal Justice Field
Adjunct Instructor – Criminal Justice
Client Services Specialist – Criminal Justice
Medical Social Worker
Criminal Justice Records Management Systems Administrator
Criminal Justice Technician
Security Operations Manager
Public Safety Assistant
Child Forensic Interview Specialist
Criminal Justice Clinician
Part-Time Case Manager
Paralegal Studies Adjunct
Visiting Faculty, Criminal Justice
10 Unique Criminal Justice Careers
Criminal Justice careers are traditionally found in security
departments, law enforcement agencies, courtrooms, and the FBI/CIA. However, there
are unique and not commonly known criminal justice careers that you might find
exciting to work. The majority of these professions required additional
extensive training to be qualified, but earning a bachelor’s degree is a
stepping stone towards a fulfilling criminal justice career.
Arson Investigators are partly detectives and partly fire investigators.
They are people who arrive at the scene after a fire incident to identify the
cause of the fire and identify whether criminal activity is involved.
Blood Spatter Analysts are people who locate and collect blood samples
and study blood patterns to provide insights and investigative reports related
to the crime. They take photographs, handle biohazardous content, write
documentation, and testify in the trial procedures.
Polygraph Examiners operate lie detector examinations that hook
criminals before asking that person a series of questions related to the crime.
They conduct lie detector tests that measure the subject’s heart rate and other
physical indicators of them telling the truth or otherwise.
Criminal Profilers are detective workers who use their knowledge of
psychology and criminology to help resolve crimes. They develop a list of
traits and characteristics that suspects will likely have, enabling
investigators to narrow down their search in the resolution of crimes.
Forensic Ballistics Experts gather essential information and clues
regarding how weapons such as guns were used during the crime. They provide
details regarding bullet trajectory and penetration, describing how far the
shooter was and on the exact location when the trigger was pulled.
Background Screening Experts use research skills and methodologies to
discover court records and find any crimes facilitated by the individual. They
perform a more serious investigation on the background of the criminals.
Crime Prevention Specialists are responsible for developing crime
prevention campaigns. They organize events that spread awareness about the
safety of the target audience. For example, they go to communities and provide
talks with children and the youth about staying safe and being vigilant against
suspicious activities around their area.
Crime Scene Fingerprint Analysts work in forensic laboratories using
technologies to preserve, evaluate, and examine fingerprints.
Forensic Entomologists are equipped with the knowledge and training to
examine the insects found in a crime scene and uncover clues. These insects
provide relevant information about the time of death and whether the corpse was
moved or not from a specific location.
Digital Forensics Experts are highly-skilled and knowledgeable in
extracting evidence from different digital devices.
Top Travel Criminal Justice Careers
There are numerous international career opportunities for criminal
justice degree holders. Individuals interested in international criminal
justice careers have the freedom to choose whether they work for the U.S.
government or within an international organization such as the United Nations.
Why should I earn a Criminal Justice degree?
Justice degree is not for everyone. It is most suitable for those who want to
build their professional career as a protector of the community and an advocate
of the ethical treatment of offenders. People who have a strong desire to serve
their communities will fit right in this profession. The same is true for those
who are curious about the way the Criminal Justice system works.
terms of job outlook, being in the field of Criminal Justice is tantamount to
ensuring that the law is upheld at all times. Quite commonly, undergraduates
end up being pursuing corrections careers or law enforcement work. The forensics
path, meanwhile, is for qualified individuals who has had extensive training in
the field. Similarly, professors and criminologists are holders of a master’s
degree or higher.
a degree does not only lead to an easier path to employment, but it can also
pave the way to promotions and ideal positions that can help shape your career
for the better and contribute to your professional growth. In an academic
atmosphere, the framework of your future career is taught, from theories to
with other jobs, writing and filing reports are an essential skill that Criminal
Justice graduates acquire.
a degree can also add confidence. Promotions are often done by examining one’s
performance at work, but if everyone has an exemplary record, the best way to
stand out is to have a distinguished educational background. An educated police
force is an answer to the increasing complexity of police work.
the choice to pursue a Criminal Justice degree lies in your hands. It is crucial
to weigh the options before you decide to jump into a four-year college course.
If done right, a good education can set you up for success.
What skills do Criminal Justice students develop or enhance?
field with plenty of opportunities, the Criminal Justice profession is not cut
out for everyone. The right candidates must possess certain qualities integral
to their line of work, whether it is in law enforcement, legal, corrections,
security, or forensics.
changing society and advancements in technology mean the Criminal Justice
system needs to adapt to a more sophisticated approach when it comes to modern
policing. And although it is a profession initially dominated by men, the Criminal
Justice field is gradually opening up women.
what kind of men and women can easily navigate the Criminal Justice world? Take
a look at some of these essential qualities that they need to develop and
Criminal Justice professionals are expected to maintain and uphold the basic
ethical standards of society, they should adhere to it as well. They should not
only have to be well-versed in the details of law but also have a good
understanding of embodying the ethical standards that govern both the law and
one, they must be aware of the difference between right and wrong and how they
should apply this knowledge in a difficult situation. The public gives their
trust in Criminal Justice professionals to uphold the law and do what is right,
after all. By adhering to ethical standards, you are setting an example for
your department or office.
a huge role in the lives of many Criminal Justice professionals, writing is a
skill that cannot be underestimated. Any job in the Criminal Justice system
tends to rely on strong written communication skills, from creating reports to
report can impact the outcome of a case. It is needed when one is trying to get
approval for a warrant as well as proposals for funding. By explaining your
findings from an investigation thoroughly and accurately in writing, you will
be able to safeguard the truth and serve justice.
proficiency that a Criminal Justice professional must possess is the ability to
conduct research, including finding the right resources and assessing what you
have gathered. Being in this profession requires you to deal with and utilize
with various data and information that can be used to solve a case.
the Criminal Justice system is deeply rooted in government regulations and
laws, there are bound to be a lot of collaboration with different agencies that
can result in tons of paperwork. It is not uncommon to wait for weeks or even
months before the case can go to the court. That is why patience is emphasized
as a trait for Criminal Justice professional. Waiting, after all, is part of
being in the position of power requires you to come to decisions that can
change lives, it is vital that you understand situations and their relation to
human nature. Having empathy can help you do your job better because you are
not only dealing with law and order but also taking into consideration the
individual motivations and sufferings. This way, you won’t lose your humanity.
Are there additional requirements for a Criminal Justice career?
one of the fastest growing fields, Criminal Justice is high in demand. However,
it is not easy to enter the profession because of some requirements and
limitations that not everyone can qualify for.
there is the age requirement for some areas of the Criminal Justice field. Many
local and state law enforcement agencies stipulate an age qualification for
hopeful applicants, requiring their age to be a minimum of 18 to 21 years. Those
who choose the juvenile justice system must at least be 18 years of age.
the FBI, agents must at least be 23 years old. Some agencies establish a
maximum age for eligible applicants, just like the federal government which
requires their employees to be not more than 37 years old.
there is the height and weight restrictions. Law enforcement agencies require
their employees to be at least 5’8’’. Most of the jobs in the Criminal Justice
system have to deal with the physical that is why they must have proportionate
height and weight. In short, they must meet the physical fitness requirements.
are expected to perform strenuous physical activities like running at a fast
pace and lifting heavy weight for a significant amount of time, all done
without sustaining an injury. It is also essential for applicants to have sound
hearing and vision capabilities to make them safer and more effective for their
jobs. This might require them to take hearing and visual acuity and color
There are grounds for disqualification as well, like noticeable deficiency of physical coordination, obesity, or other physical impairments that can hinder them from doing their job. Many of these requirements are there to ensure your safety and maximize your productivity as an employee.
Justice system does not employ gender limitations. However, some exceptions
apply, like in terms of correctional facilities that require only female
workers to assist and supervise female offenders.
the end, though, it depends on the agency or department you are applying for.
That is why it is highly advisable for you to research the field or area you
want to enter to check the qualifications and requirements. This will help you
avoid wasting time and effort in applying for a job that has restrictions.
As one of the most exciting and rewarding careers, Social Work leads to a noble profession that contributes to society. According to the International Federation of Social Workers, “Social Work is a practice-based profession and an academic discipline that promotes social change and development, social cohesion, and the empowerment and liberation of people.”
Upholding the principles
of social justice human rights and taking responsibility are some of the tenets
of social services and Social Work. Their duties run the gamut from conducting therapies
and counseling to policy formulation and analysis, advocacy, and even political
As of 2016, there were 682,100 jobs in the field of Social Services & Social Work. From 2016-2026, the employment rate is expected to rise by 16%, taking several specializations into account. This, in part, is driven by the increased demand for healthcare and social services professionals.
Social Work as
To make it as a
successful professional earn a degree in Social Work that delivers the right education
and training. Typically, a Social Work program enables students to define and
discover new methods that can influence human behaviors and interactions. You
also explore the causes of social behavior and the changing social patterns.
Work programs are designed to provide students with skills in social advocacy. These
include courses covering human behavior, research methods, psychology, and Social
Work practices. Depending on the degree level, some Social Work courses can
tackle clinical practice, behavioral treatment, adult psychopathology, and drug
and alcohol abuse intervention.
Aside from the
coursework within the classroom, students are also expected to gain hands-on
experience through field practicum or internships, such as working with
individuals and other groups from human services agencies.
In 2017, a survey conducted by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) found that there are 518 baccalaureate program offerings for Social Work, 255 for master’s programs, and 77 for Ph.D. programs.
Types of Social
degrees come in different levels: bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees.
Each degree level comes with a unique curriculum and coursework. They also vary
in difficulty and the length of time it takes to complete the program.
Associate’s Degree in Social Work
An Associate’s degree in Social Work can be completed in
two years. The courses typically consist of an introduction to the discipline
for foundational knowledge of the practice. The subjects of focus include
Sociology and Psychology. Unlike a bachelor’s, an Associate’s in Social Work
degree does not qualify you for Social Work practice. They, however, enables
you to take on human services and support Social Work positions. Social Work
assistant jobs pay an average of $30,830.
Bachelor’s Degree in Social Work
degree in Social Work usually requires four years to complete. It is commonly the
basic educational requirement for many Social Work jobs as well as a minimum
qualification for Social Work licensing and certification programs in most
program prepares students for direct service positions with a curriculum centering
on essential individual and family needs and support, social welfare policy,
casework planning, and intervention strategies. Most bachelor’s degrees require
at least 400 hours of supervised field experience.
Some of the
most popular courses in a bachelor’s degree in Social Work include foundations
of Social Work practice, micro human behavior in the social environment,
research methods in Social Work, statistics for Social Workers, and diversity
and oppression in a Social Work context.
Holders of a Bachelor’s
in Social Work can take up the position of care consultants, child life
specialist, child protective services worker, court-appointed special advocate,
criminal justice Social Worker, or gerontology Social Worker.
Master’s Degree in Social Work
your chances of landing better career opportunities in Social Work, earn a
master’s degree. This graduate program gives them an excellent credential for securing
top-tier positions such as a Social Work department supervisor or a professor.
What sets it
apart from a bachelor’s degree is that a master’s program requires students to
complete many courses focusing on research. They are also required to complete intensive
This advanced Social
Work degree usually takes two years to complete. It is a useful degree for
those who want to attain specific positions in Social Work, including clinical,
policy, and administration jobs. Aside from the class work, they are also
required to complete a particular number of supervised hours of around 900 in
the form of field instruction or internship. Some schools might require
students to master a second language.
degree in Social Work can equip students with the necessary credentials to
become a certified Social Worker, clinical Social Worker, or a diplomate in Social
Doctorate in Social Work
research techniques and qualitative and quantitative analysis methods, a
doctorate in Social Work takes around two to four years to complete. This
advanced program is the terminal degree in Social Work and is designed to hone
students for careers in leadership, educational institutions, and healthcare
program, students focus on a narrow field of study and research. Ultimately,
they should be able to present a well-researched dissertation, which is their
ticket for graduation.
Those who have
completed a doctoral program for Social Work can find opportunities as
professors in accredited universities and executives within Social Work
organizations. They can also take on positions that require them to conduct
research and policy analysis.
As one of the
most diverse professions today, Social Work has several specializations
available for those who earned the degree.
Workers, for example, specialize in child welfare and spend a lot of time dealing
with children in foster homes and juvenile courts. Others devote their time and
energy in caring for older members of society.
It can be
overwhelming to choose one specialized area of Social Work, especially if one’s
goals and interests are not yet clear. In our goal to help aspiring Social Workers,
we feature some of the most common specializations:
Child and Family Social Work
specialized area, students are taught how to deal with children and family
members who have been abused, suffering from mental or physical illness,
exhibiting behavioral problems, or experiencing stress. They are expected to
learn how to ensure the safety of children of all ages within their family
who specialize in this field provide a variety of services, including providing
therapy for individual children or work with their families to secure
resources. It is also part of their jobs to conduct training, serve on
interdisciplinary teams, and testify in court.
specialization involves various work settings. The most common is in government
agencies, schools, residential care facilities, social service agencies, and adoption
School Social Work
specialization, Social Workers often serve as a liaison between students,
families, teachers, and administration. They ensure there is seamless
communication between all parties which can then result in better individual
services for different student needs.
Workers provide crisis intervention, personal and academic counseling,
assessments, and sex education, all of which are integral in ensuring students
have a fruitful academic career.
in this specialized area are required to obtain a master’s degree. Students who
wish to take up this specialization are expected to complete specific
coursework in school Social Work. In their internship, they may be required to
interact with school personnel and parents and provide direct services to
Clinical Social Work
This area of
specialization requires an advanced degree like a master’s in Social Work. Most
types of Clinical Social Work involve tackling mental health, psychological
disorders, relationships, and family problems.
Workers are responsible for diagnosing, creating treatment plans, and providing
counseling services to clients of all ages. They are also expected to give
counsel to new or at-risk parents or testify on behalf of children and
adolescents in child abuse court cases.
They can be
assigned across a variety of settings, including substance abuse facilities,
juvenile detention centers, prisons, nonprofit organizations, and mental health
Elder Care Social Work
A typical job
in many state and public agencies, Social Work for elder care involves
assessments and evaluations for the elderly, counseling, and advocating for
older adults suffering at the hands of their family members or caretakers. Social
Workers specializing in this area can act as counselors or therapists.
are interested in this specialization can use their bachelor’s degree or higher
to be qualified. There are also specialization classes and undergraduate
internships that can equip them with the right education and experience to work
in this kind of setting.
Brick and Mortar Social Work Degrees
Workers have several options to get their degree. It can be done the
traditional way by attending a brick and mortar school, or the flexible method
of online learning. The advancements in technology made the latter possible,
with many colleges and universities offering online degrees in Social Work these
days. This option gives distance learners the chance to earn their degree at
the comfort of their home and their own pace. The flexibility it affords them
is a great help especially for those who are juggling their family and career
responsibilities along with obtaining a good education.
The most advantageous
aspect of completing a degree online is that it offers more flexibility.
Students can schedule their classes in the most suitable time, allowing them to
pursue their careers while advancing their education.
you can complete the program at their own pace, unencumbered by the need to
attend on-campus classes. With a high-speed internet connection, you are set to
As for the
cost, online programs, in general, can be cheaper than traditional ones. There are
a few universities that offer Social Work programs at $15,000 per year. Thankfully,
financial aid options are offered to students who wish to earn this degree
online in the form of loans, grants, and even scholarships.
Since online Social
Work degrees are flexible, the program length varies depending on the pace of
the student. Generally, bachelor’s degrees can take as much as four years to
complete, while graduate programs in Social Work can be completed within 2-3
Just like the
on-campus programs, the curriculum online offers courses that focus on
providing communities with social support services and dealing with Social Work
issues. It is possible for some schools to require internships.
take a lot of self-discipline to complete, as students are expected to take charge
of their own academic experience. They have assigned online advisers that can
guide them and answer their questions. But most of the time, they navigate on
Still the most
popular choice of many students, on-campus Social Work degrees poses a lot of
who thrive in the classroom environment, earning their degree in a brick and
mortar format is the ideal route. They can learn more effectively through
direct contact with their professors while forming connections with their
Many state and
public universities offer Social Work programs that are cheaper. It is possible
to find a program that costs only around $10,000 per year. Highly competitive
programs in prominent universities, however, could cost up to $30,000 annually.
The good thing
about that though is the fact that many financial aid options are readily
available at their disposal. Most colleges and universities offer low-cost
student loans and scholarships that can considerably lighten many students’
campus programs adhere to specified schedules, completing the degree program
usually takes four years for bachelor’s degrees and two to three years for
graduate studies. Students, however, have the option to study full-time or
curriculum still tackles Social Work and its many facets that can prepare
students for their chosen career. It can be easier for students because they
have access to their professors and other faculty members when they need to
discuss issues regarding materials and such. Their professors are also there to
keep them on track through providing rigid class schedules, minimizing the
possibility of slacking off and enabling them to complete the degree right on
degree is a worthy investment. Social Work degree programs are no different. They
can help students navigate their career path in the field of Social Work,
providing them with golden opportunities and maximizing their rewards. It is
not so surprising to find, however, that financial constraints can hinder many
aspirants from reaching their goals.
education is challenging. College is expensive. Thankfully, many educational financing
options are available for earning the Social Work degree on-campus or online.
universities have a list of scholarships, grants, loans, and other financial
aid options available for their students. Students should explore the full
range of funding opportunities at their disposal and submit the necessary
application and requirements on time.
considered as financial rewards and the best form of financial aid,
scholarships do not need to be paid back. However, the caveat is that they are
mostly merit-based, meaning students can only avail of it if they are qualified.
Most qualifications are based on academic performance.
The state and
federal governments grant scholarships. Many such opportunities are also
offered by private and nonprofit organizations and even academic institutions. These
scholarships can vary from institution to institution.
The American Board of Examiners in Clinical Social Work awards students who excel in professional development through their original clinical practice papers. There is also the American School Health Association Scholarship which is available for applicants who major in Social Work, whether it is for undergraduate or graduate studies.
The most widely
available financial aid option, student loans from the federal government and
private institutions are pretty accessible to most universities and colleges in
require students to complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid
(FAFSA) form. Loans from private institutions have their own set of rules and
qualifications as well, often accessible through credit unions, banks, and loan
or savings establishments. These loans come with fixed interest rates.
graduate, they can make use of loan forgiveness programs for Social Workers
such as Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) and the National Health Service
Corps (NHSC) Loan Repayment Program. In some instances, these programs require Social
Work professionals to be employed full-time in their public service jobs.
Career Pathways, Information, and Outlook
majors share the common desire to help others. Their career path leads to
providing social services to the needy, from children and families to the elderly
provide services like advocacy and crisis response. Some Social Workers
specialize in child, family, and school while others focus on healthcare,
mental health, and substance abuse. Clinical Social Workers also evaluate and
treat behavioral, mental, and emotional conditions.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 680,000 Social Workers employed in the United States as of 2016. The majority of them specialized in helping children and families or worked in schools while the smallest percentage worked as a criminal justice Social Worker and forensic Social Worker. By 2026, Social Work jobs are expected to grow to more than 790,000.
graduates with a bachelor’s degree can work in most Social Work fields, but if
they want to take up specific positions like clinical Social Work, they will
need to have a master’s degree and two years of post master’s experience in a
supervised clinical setting. They are also required to acquire a license in the
state where they practice.
As of May 2018,
the median annual wage of Social Workers was $49,470, but it can go lower or
higher depending on one’s specialization and location.
10 Common Social Work Occupations
Welfare Social Workers
One of the most common social worker occupations, Child
Welfare Social workers are responsible for investigating cases of child abuse
or neglect. Their findings determine whether the child should remain in the
home or move to a safer place temporarily or permanently. They also provide
support services to families, including child care, substance abuse treatment,
parenting classes, and family counseling. In many cases, Child Welfare Social Workers
witness in court and testify on a child’s behalf.
Although this profession requires a lot of time and
effort because of limited resources and a usually demanding caseload, being a Child
Welfare Social Worker is a fulfilling job.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Primarily addressing the different cultural,
social, health, and environmental issues for individuals and families, Direct-Service
Social Workers have valuable contributions to society. They work in different
settings and offer various services like child welfare, a shelter for the
homeless, local community development, and even rehabilitation program for the
youth. They aim to help families and communities become functioning members of
society and learn the art of self-sufficiency.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
When people reach 65 years old, they are considered
part of the aging population in the country. They are expected to represent 19%
of the population by 2030. Gerontology Social Workers ensure that the seniors get
the support and resources that allow them to freely and independently pursue
their interests and enjoy activities. It is their job to understand the mental
and physical challenges of the aging population. They help the elderly avoid scams
and abuse, get long-term care, obtain end-of-life planning, and combat depression
and grief. They act as the liaison between the seniors and family members. It
is also possible for Gerontology Social Workers to deal with doctors,
caregivers, medical centers, and nursing homes.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Health Social Worker
Patients who need support when it comes to medical
care can turn to public health social workers in hospitals, wellness centers,
emergency rooms, nursing homes, rehabilitation facilities, and hospices. Their
job is to ensure that patients are aware of their rights to public health. They
help with paperwork and decision-making and set dialogues with clients,
caregivers, families, and other medical personnel.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Health Social Worker
Many individuals suffer from a wide array of
mental, behavioral, and emotional problems. It is the job of Mental Health Social
Workers to assess and diagnose mental disorders as well as develop treatment
plans. Most Mental Health Social Workers serve in psychiatric hospitals,
community health centers, hospitals, and private practice.
Educational Requirement: Master’s degree
Care Social Worker
People who are at the end of their life due to severe
and terminal illnesses need palliative care. Hospice Care Social Workers help
clients and their families move through illness and death with compassion. They
also help patients navigate the practical and emotional issues that come with
the demise of a loved one. Hospice Care Social Workers fill out an advance
directive for patients, assist with funeral arrangements, and assess the
emotional needs of both the patients and caregivers.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Research Social Workers primarily oversee social
changes and uphold progressive social policies. They are responsible for
exploring and compiling the best field and clinical practices, assessing
governmental and administrative policies, and publishing their findings. It is
also part of their jobs to write grants, conduct demonstration projects,
analyze census data, develop papers, testify at hearings, and deal with the
media and policymakers.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Children with personal issues tend to rebel and
mess up in school. School social workers help parents and teachers listen carefully
to these students and help them overcome their troubles. Most of these students
have problems at home that lead to negative emotions like pain, frustration,
embarrassment, anger, and insecurity. These can translate to inappropriate
behaviors at school, which can interfere with their learning.
School social workers help troubled children with
their educational requirements and offer behavioral interventions.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Abuse Social Worker
The main job of substance abuse social workers is
to help people with addictions and patterns of substance misuse. They typically
work in rehabilitation centers, juvenile, and foster care facilities, health
care centers, and community service agencies. They provide counseling and
sequential crisis interventions.
Substance abuse social workers have a lot of
patience and compassion. They aim to help their clients attain long-term
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
This type of social workers offers services for
veterans and their families. This includes advocacy, benefits assistance,
medical referrals, bureaucratic navigation, and mental health therapy. The
latter involves depression, PTSD, and drug and alcohol addiction.
Educational Requirement: Bachelor’s degree
Salary: Salaries based on the military system of
rank and time in service.
Other Social Work Occupations include:
30 Highest Paying Social Work Careers
Director of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
As consumers become more and more particular with
how corporations are giving back to the community, corporate social
responsibility is now a significant consideration of many companies in the
private sector. Graduates of social work and their skill set will be a valuable
addition to any company venturing into CSR projects that cover issues like
health education, sustainable livelihoods in far-flung communities, and ending
human trafficking. Funding and budgeting (and consequently, compensation) for
social workers in corporate fields are also less of a concern thanks to
resources provided by big corporations, as compared to those working in the
of Corporate Social Responsibility Salary: $94,000
Social Work Academic / Professor
Working in academic institutions is also a
well-compensated option for social work graduates, even though it involves
further education and a somewhat long climb up the academic career ladder. For
many colleges and universities, a master’s degree and a doctorate will be
necessary to even get into the entry-level position of assistant professor.
Aside from developing social work curriculums and courses, holding classes, and
mentoring aspiring social workers, constant research and publication is also a major
part of the job.
Work Academic / Professor Salary: $85,000
Speech pathologist positions usually require
specialization through a master’s degree and a licensure examination, but it is
one of the highest-paying opportunities for social workers. Speech pathology involves
the diagnosis of speech disorders, such as in children with cleft palates or
stroke survivors with impaired verbal abilities, and the development and
execution of individualized treatments that will enable patients to communicate
better and more comfortably.
Pathologist Salary: $74,000
School Social Worker or Counselor
School social workers or counselors aim to support
the emotional and mental well-being and development of students through school
programs, one-on-one counseling for students’ various concerns, or intervention
in issues like bullying or even conflicts between students and teachers, to
name a few. They are also expected to guide high school students in college
applications and scholarships. School social workers or counselors are also
responsible for referring students to psychologists, psychiatrists, therapists,
or other mental health professionals for cases that may need more serious
intervention. Note that some schools may require a master’s degree or even a
doctorate for this position.
School Social Worker or Counselor Salary: $71,000
Veteran Affairs (VA) Social Worker
Social workers can also explore working with
veterans and their families, as well as homeless veterans, which have become a
pressing issue in recent years. As many veterans experience depression and
post-traumatic disorder after returning from their deployment, VA social
workers create programs for their treatment and counseling. They also recommend
support groups or other methods to improve their mental, emotional, and
physical health. They also support veterans in areas like financial or housing
assistance, processing of benefits, or help during hospitalization, especially
for elderly veterans.
Veteran Affairs (VA) Social Worker Salary: $69,400
Employee Assistance Program Counselor
Companies tap externally contracted social workers
or create an in-house group to lead employee assistance programs. These
programs ensure the mental and emotional well-being of their employees and improve
their productivity and performance at work. Employee Assistance Program Counselors provide support to
employees dealing with issues that can affect their work performance, such as
marital problems, health concerns, financial difficulties, work stresses, and substance
abuse. They also educate and advise employees on benefits or other forms of
assistance for specific situations.
Assistance Program Counselor Salary: $68,895
Non-profit Organization (NPO) Executive Director
Being the executive director of a non-profit
organization means ensuring the execution of strategies toward its goals.
Reporting to the organization stakeholders or Board of Directors, an NPO Executive
Director also leads all marketing efforts and explores fundraising
opportunities. Majority of their workload will most likely focus on fundraising
for their chosen community or sector. Executive Directors represent the
organization in the media and the public.
Organization (NPO) Executive Director Salary: $64,200
Social Science Researcher
Social science researchers contribute immensely to
the development of social work as a profession. They ensure that practices in
social work are up-to-date. They look into the current and changing needs of
various communities or groups. They gather and analyze data on areas where
social work is prevalent, such as healthcare, education, and gender, through
methods like surveys, face-to-face interviews, and case studies.
Science Research Salary: $63,500
Housing and Community Development Director
Both private and government sectors have worked together
in recent years to improve housing for the homeless and people living in
poverty and, in turn, improve the health and safety of these people by getting
them off the streets. Housing and community development directors lead housing
programs that aim to end homelessness in a community. They develop processes
and qualifications for those who intend to avail of free or subsidized housing.
Housing and Community Development Director Salary: $61,000
Licensed Clinical Social Worker
Usually requiring a master’s degree in Social Work,
licensed clinical social workers conduct diagnostics and evaluations of
patients’ emotional and mental health and provide therapy and other courses of
treatment for these patients. They also assist in connecting patients to
specialized professionals who can further support them manage their specific
issues. As indicated in the job title, acquiring a license by passing a
national examination is necessary, while other requirements vary from state to
state. Salary rates increase substantially when a clinical social worker is
fluent in another language, especially in Spanish, as there is a higher demand
for social workers within low-income Latino communities.
Licensed Clinical Social Worker: $60,150
Substance Use and Recovery Treatment Counselor
For patients who aim to achieve sobriety from drug
or alcohol abuse and other addictions, substance use and recovery treatment
counselors are a crucial part of their journey. Counselors work with people
struggling with addictions and provide them with treatment, resources, coping
techniques, and support groups that can help them in their recovery. Substance
use and recovery treatment counselors also work to educate friends and family
members of recovering addicts about addiction and how they can support loved
ones as they move towards sobriety. Employers include public and private
hospitals, rehabilitation centers, and even prisons and juvenile detention
Substance Use and Recovery Treatment Counselor
Medical Discharge Planner
Medical discharge planners develop healthcare and
support plans for patients who are about to be discharged from a hospital
setting. It is the goal of discharge planners to ensure that patients remain in
good health through recommended practices and follow-up services after their
hospitalization. Discharge planners do not develop these plans alone, as they
are required to work closely with the patient’s family members, doctors,
dietitians, etc., to ensure holistic and medically sound recommendations for the
patient’s recovery and improvement.
Medical Discharge Planner Salary: $58,600
Healthcare Social Worker
Healthcare social workers specifically support
people who are dealing with major illnesses or diseases by providing services
and resources (e.g., doctors, specialty hospitals, medical equipment) suited
for their health issue or condition, providing valuable information on their
rights as patients, or by assisting them in securing funding or finances for
their medical bills. Overall, healthcare social workers communicate closely
with their patients to determine their individual needs and find ways for those
needs to be met.
Healthcare Social Worker Salary: $57,000
Clinical coordinators are in charge of managing the
everyday operations and other administrative aspects of a variety of healthcare
facilities. They must work to ensure that industry standards and government
regulations are consistently met and hire appropriate and qualified personnel.
Managing the facility’s budget is also part of their responsibility, as well as
keeping patient records and ensuring the availability of equipment and medication.
Social workers interested in becoming clinical coordinators may first need
experience in a clinical or healthcare setting to qualify for the position.
Clinical Coordinator Salary: $56,460
Social Policy Analyst
Social policy analysts, as is apparent in their
name, analyze existing or even upcoming legislation and policies on public
health, poverty, crime, homelessness, etc. created by the government and
determine if they are appropriately implemented. They also look into policies’
effectiveness through various methods, including analysis of data, and
recommend changes or courses of action if needed. Social policy analysts can
also serve as consultants when policies are being drafted, as part of their job
is also to find solutions to pressing social issues and not just analyzing
existing solutions. They can also go into promotion and awareness of social
service programs among the community and through the media and other channels.
Social Policy Analyst Salary: $54,800
School counselors are required to have at least a
master’s degree in school counseling. Trained in child and adolescent
psychology, they closely work with students so that they can help them enjoy a
safe learning environment and, therefore, excel well in school. Although they
usually meet with students individually, they also organize group sessions,
workshops, and school assemblies. School counselors are in charge of designing,
implementing, evaluating, and enhancing comprehensive school counseling
programs. When stressful incidents happen in schools, such as the death of a
fellow student or a disaster, they are usually the ones who conduct crisis
intervention to students.
School Counselor Salary: $56,170
Hospice Care Social Worker
Hospice care social workers have the difficult job
of making the end-of-life process as smooth a transition as they can. Their
work is mostly to coordinate care within hospice facilities. They are in charge
of providing hospice services that give patients the best possible care,
including the arrangement of medical services as well as the availability of
emotional, psychological, and spiritual care. Hospice care social workers
provide talk therapy and other counseling services whenever they meet their
patients personally. They mostly work with terminally ill patients and their
Hospice Care Social Worker Salary: $68,377
Military Social Worker
Military social workers undergo a specialized
training that enables them to learn the qualifications needed to work with
military clients. Their main purpose is to assist members of the military,
veterans, their spouses, their children, and the support staff whenever they
have trouble living their daily life. The difficult challenges in the military
that require the help of a social worker include deployment anxiety,
post-traumatic stress disorder, and re-adjustment to civilian life. The
responsibilities of military social workers include care for military personnel
and their families, the connection of military members to programs, and
communication with other members of the military.
Military Social Worker Salary: $53,689
Mental Health Counselor
Mental health counselors help their clients cope
with emotional, psychological, and even dependency disorders. Some examples of
the struggles they encounter and help with are drug and alcohol addiction,
marital and family problems as well as stress and anxiety. The usual duties of
a mental health counselor include outpatient mental health services, mental
health assessments, counseling, referrals, and intervention services. They process
paperwork and documentation, following the federal and state guidelines. Mental
health counselors usually treat routine mental health problems, but they also
face serious mental health illnesses.
Mental Health Counselor Salary: $43,300
Marriage and Family Therapist
The role of marriage and family therapists is not
an interaction with only one individual but the relationships of the people
within the marriage and family units. As families are usually a diverse and challenging
subject to handle, marriage and family therapists employ various psychological
techniques and tools to help the families and couple under their wing. One of
these methods is cognitive behavioral therapy, which is a conventional therapy
method used among clients. A marriage and family therapist encourages clients
to discuss their emotions and experiences. The professional guides them in
making decisions and helps develop strategies to improve their behavior.
Marriage and Family Therapist Salary: $48,790
Certified Addiction Counselor
Certified addiction counselors help rehabilitate
drug or alcohol dependents/addicts. They identify the behaviors related to
their addictions and counsel their clients in either individual or group
settings. They also conduct crisis counseling sessions or introduce the tools
needed to start over. Their work environments include rehabilitation centers,
hospitals, and private organizations. Other than directly helping their
clients, they also speak with the family member who is affected by the
addiction if their clients. They teach prevention programs through community
outreach as well.
Certified Addiction Counselor Salary: $45,000
Corrections Social Worker
Corrections social workers assess and evaluate the
inmates in the facility. They conduct interviews and psychological tests of the
inmates and their families to analyze their tendencies, intelligence, and
behavior. This enables Corrections Social Workers to create a rehabilitation
plan for the inmates. Other than interviews and tests, they also usually
conduct programs such as educational programs that help ready the inmates for
when they return to society. In general, corrections social workers help the
inmates survive the difficulties in prison and prepare them to go back to the
community once they are free to go.
Corrections Social Worker Salary: $53,360
Child Welfare Social Worker
Child welfare social workers make sure that their
clients’ well-being is socially, physically, psychologically, and emotionally
sound. They are mostly found working for government-run agencies that focus on
child welfare. However, they can also be seen in non-profit community
organizations, foster care, and adoption or child advocacy agencies. Their
responsibilities include regular home visits, protection of children from
abuse, neglect, and maltreatment, investigation of allegations of such abusive
behavior, and assessment of a parent or guardian’s ability to provide care.
Child welfare social workers must also be thorough as they are in charge of
complete documentation of their case files and the performance of other
Child Welfare Social Worker Salary: $53,950
Education Outreach Coordinator
Education outreach coordinators provide domestic
violence prevention and early intervention work. They conduct activities in the
youth and service providers, community outreach, and public education. Some of
their essential duties include educating and training adult professionals on
teen violence through workshops and seminars, researching violence found in the
home as well as in the different youth sectors, and developing materials for
volunteers and community members whenever there are outreach programs or
community events being organized.
Education Outreach Coordinator Salary: $40,655
Community organizers are in charge of organizing
and managing members of a community. The sample organizations that they are
mostly a part of faith-based organizations, grassroots campaigns, fundraising
groups, or political lobbying groups. They either work indoor or outdoor, but
their job mainly demands high levels of interaction with others and the
community as a whole. They conduct discussions, meetings, training, and welcome
activities for recruits. Their duties include organizing public awareness
campaigns, building support systems and rapport among the community and its
leaders, and recruiting new members to the organization.
Community Organizer Salary: $40,304
Housing Support Specialist
Housing support specialists are in charge of
providing collaborative intensive coordination and client’s needs assessment to
grant-funded clients. They are the ones who give support service strategies to
clients who have had struggled in the past because of homelessness, mental
health challenges, and housing instability. Their ultimate goal is to ensure
health, mental health, housing, and job stability to their clients. They
determine their client’s needs by conducting outreach and assessment to provide
useful referral services. They also help their clients further through
intensive case management and development of goal-oriented service plans.
Housing Support Specialist Salary: $51,000
Adoption counselors provide assistance and support
to birth parents, adoptees, adoptive parents, and foster families during the
adoption or foster care process. Their primary purpose is to help the parties
involved in the adoption or foster care situations by giving the members the
counseling and emotional support they need to get through it. Whenever there is
a newly formed family because of adoption, adoption counselors make sure that
this new family is adapting well. Not only that, but they also check on the
birth parents to make sure they are coping well with the separation from their
child. They also provide information, counseling, and support to adults who
were adopted as children.
Adoption Counselor Salary: $49,647
Youth Social Worker
Youth social workers play a crucial role in the youth
welfare system. Their primary purpose is to protect children from situations
and people that can bring them harm. They are always available for prevention
and intervention when it comes to protecting at-risk children against abuse or
neglect. They ensure the children’s medical needs, mental health, and need of a
safe home. Youth social workers need to possess empathy, patience, an organized
mind, self-awareness, and other personal skills vital when dealing with at-risk
children. As the point person for their clients’ (the children’s) case plan
youth social workers, need to monitor the progress after interventions and
services are done.
Youth Social Worker Salary: $41,530
Street Outreach Social Worker
Street outreach social workers help people with
mental illness or are undergoing homelessness to have access to housing, social
services, and health. They need to possess primary case management and
assessment skills. These skills are usually acquired through post-secondary
education, experience in psychiatric/mental health services, or other community
programs. The primary duties of street outreach social workers include
supporting the homeless individuals in the community. They also find ways to
develop and maintain relationships with the community and find ways to improve
the services they provide. It is also part of their responsibilities to secure
the records, reports, and statistics needed for the maintenance and function of
Street Outreach Social Worker Salary:
One of the primary purposes of child advocates is
to secure the social and psychological well-being of children under their care
and their families. Child advocates usually work under the criminal justice
system, and they are in charge of cases of abuse and neglect. Ultimately, they
work with the courts and authorities to make sure that their client, the child
under their care, is provided with the best attention that he or she deserves.
The main responsivities of child advocates include assessment of the state of
the child and his or her family, making sure that the child’s needs, medical,
and social history are adequately documented and communicated, being on top of
things regarding the child’s case within the state adoption database, and being
present in all the court hearings.
Child Advocate Salary: $42,405
Part-time Social Worker Jobs
Work Case Manager
A social work case manager conducts assessments of
clients and their families. Based on these assessments, they will be able to
identify the needs and arrange, coordinate, and monitor several services from
different providers to serve the clients. Provides may include state and local
social service agencies as well as nonprofit organizations. Some of them hire
social work case managers part-time, an opportunity that many social work
graduates can take advantage of.
Social Work Case Manager Salary: $25,000
There are opportunities for part-time housing
counselors. This job involves conducting financial capabilities and
pre-purchase housing counseling and credit counseling services. They assist
clients who are planning to buy a home by providing education, guidance, and
referrals tailored to clients’ circumstances. They also develop action plans
that can help clients achieve their housing goal.
Housing Counselor Salary: $40,000
Care Social Work
It is possible to work part-time in daycare
centers, nonprofit organizations, and local community centers that cater to
children as recreation assistant or camp counselor. This job does not require
too much effort and is perfect when you are trying to further your education.
Child Care Social Work Salary: $20,000
Teacher assistant positions are often offered as
part-time jobs. It is their job to assist the teachers in grading and classroom
duties as well as help kids with their lessons. This position is common in
elementary and secondary schools.
Teacher Assistant Salary: $25,000
10 Unique Social Worker Careers
Known for its promising employment outlook, the
field of community service is a lucrative career for many graduates of social
work. As community service managers, they are expected to coordinate and
supervise social service programs and community organizations. They are also
responsible for directing and leading staff who provide social services to the
public. They can work in a variety of social and human service organizations,
dealing strictly with children, older adults, veterans, and the homeless. They
must recruit, hire, and train new staff.
Salary: $70,530 to $109,990
Substance abuse counselors play a crucial role in
their clients’ lives. They work with individuals who are addicted to drugs or
alcohol throughout the various stages of their recovery process. They evaluate
each client to determine the background and severity of their addiction and
help them plan out their road to recovery. It is their job to teach them the
mechanisms to a healthier behavior that can replace their dependence on drugs
and alcohol. Substance abuse counselors are often found in mental health and
substance abuse centers or hospitals.
Not your typical social worker, probation officers
supervise people who are sentenced to probation by the court. They are
responsible for guiding the offenders in their rehabilitation process. Usually,
they work with assigned clients, prepare detailed reports for the court,
investigate offenders, and provide the information to the judge. Sometimes,
they are also tasked to conduct random drug tests, monitor their clients’
whereabouts, and interview the people closest to their clients like the family
Closely connected to the legal system, forensic
social workers apply social work theories to real-world issues faced by the
legal system. Social workers in this field apply their knowledge to questions
and concerns on the law or legal policies. They deal with both the criminal and
civil cases, which can include termination of parental rights, juvenile, and
adult justice services, corrections, and mandated treatment. It is their job to
assist individuals of all ages with cases such as child custody, juvenile
arrest, elder abuse, divorce, civil disputes, and imprisonment.
Bereavement counselors help people who are dealing
with grief from the loss of a loved one, relationship, home, or jobs. For them
to go through the grief process and reach the point of acceptance, bereavement counselors
are there to counsel and comfort individuals who are suffering from loss and
help them cope with the grief that comes with it. Unlike other social worker
fields, this job requires bereavement counselors to obtain a bachelor’s degree,
master’s degree, and doctorate.
Those who have acquired a bachelor’s degree in the
field can find job opportunities as a group home worker. This type of work does
not explicitly involve social work. Even unlicensed workers are qualified to assist
the residents of a group home. They help with daily interactions, transport
arrangements, and counseling.
Program coordinators are expected to ensure that a
diverse population is provided with quality services. It is their
responsibility to coordinate, participate in, and monitor the activities and
functions of a social services program. Unlike social services managers,
program coordinators deal with larger and more complex applications. It
requires a flexible work schedule.
Salary: $48,530 to $60,663
Adoption counselors help adoptees, birth parents,
and adoptive families to understand and cope with emotions that come with
adoption. They usually offer counseling sessions and give talks to schools or
other professionals like caseworkers and guidance counselors. Parents who are
considering adoption may ask the help of adoption counselors. The latter is
also there during the period of transfer between the birth and adoptive
Some social workers found their calling in
government agencies and consulting firms as social policy analysts. It is their
job to ensure the policies intended to counter pressing social issues like
hunger, poverty, and diseases are run efficiently. They examine these social
problems by gathering data. They are also expected to propose plans that can
help fix those problems.
Often trained as mental health professionals,
crisis intervention counselors help people who are in distress. It involves
dealing with people who are in danger of harming themselves or others. They support
those who are undergoing crises like terror attacks and natural disasters. It
is their job to help their clients deal with grief, loss, and bereavement. They
may work in a variety of settings, from mental health clinics to humanitarian aid
Travel Social Worker Careers
It is common for active military service members to
face social, emotional, psychological, and familial challenges. It is the job
of military social workers to help them manage these difficulties by providing
counseling and support to the servicemen and their families. Because most active
military personnel move around from base to base, it is expected that military
social workers get to travel a lot for this kind of job. They are often under
the medical and mental health departments.
Salary: $50,159 to $82,858
A specialty practice area of social work, clinical
social work focuses on assessing, diagnosing,
treating, and preventing mental emotional, and other behavioral illnesses. Clinical
social workers usually offer individual, group, or family therapy. To qualify
for the job, they need to be licensed or certified at a clinical level. For
clinical social workers who want to work abroad, they can volunteer for non-profit
organizations, especially those specializing in helping out immigrants,
refugees, and trafficked youths. A knowledge or sometimes fluency in a foreign
language might be required.
Salary: $51,528 or more
A lot of international organizations like UNICEF,
Save the Children, among many others, need social workers who can offer their
services abroad. While their work is similar to that of domestic social workers
where they get to deal with individuals, communities, minorities, and
impoverished, international social workers are often required to take international
studies and language as additional skills. They learn about the country of
their destination and gain a better understanding of the complex issues.
Salary: $37,000 to $80,000
Why should I earn
a Social Work degree?
The field of Social
Work is one of the most rewarding experiences. This occupation contributes significantly
to the betterment of society, from fighting social injustice to alleviating
suffering through counseling and working on solutions.
seeking to build their career as Social Workers wonder if obtaining a degree in
the field is worth the investment. The simple answer is YES! Social Work requires
specialized training and a specific set of skills. Students can gain a base of
theoretical knowledge through academic discipline, which is valuable when they
need to make difficult decisions.
Work entry-level jobs require a minimum of bachelor’s degree or a related field
like Psychology and Sociology. This undergraduate degree allows students to obtain
the fundamental knowledge and foundational skills that are integral to Social
universities combine academic classes and lectures with practical experience in
social organizations, institutions or care facilities. They are introduced to
different types of Social Work, from working with children and families to
people with physical or mental disabilities.
With a degree, students
will be able to build their knowledge and skills to help them prepare for the
real world. It is an excellent credential that will enable them to work in
different social services organizations.
areas like clinical Social Work require a master’s degree, and most graduate
schools need an undergraduate prerequisite. If students need to be licensed by
the state, they might also be required to earn a master’s degree first to be
eligible. A master’s degree can also prepare them best for leadership and
direct practice roles.
degree will give Social Workers better employment opportunities and higher starting
salary grades. It also ensures they receive the necessary training that can
hone their skills and competencies to become competent Social Workers.
sought-after Social Workers have outstanding credentials that can give them the
means to enter key leadership positions and advance their careers. Most of the
time, the jobs available to them and opportunities for advancement depend on
their educational attainment.
Putting it into
perspective, one can look at the pay gap between social and human service
assistants who only acquired a high school diploma or associate’s degree and a Social
Worker who earned a bachelor’s degree. The latter can earn as much as $46,890
per year as opposed to the former’s median pay which is only around $31,810 per
their potential, it is a good idea to earn a degree in Social Work and consider
further education in the form of graduate studies.
Who is best fit
to earn a Social Work degree?
Not all people
are suitable for a career in Social Work. This field can be demanding and
complex. Many people suffer from burn out and disenchantment. Before jumping
into this career track, students need to find out whether they would make an excellent
To become a Social
Worker, aspiring students must understand the nature of their work. It involves
hard work, commitment, and sacrifice. They are responsible for protecting
vulnerable people from abuse, neglect, and harm.
They need to
know the characteristics of a good Social Worker to help them become more
effective at their jobs. Generally, Social Workers must possess the following:
compassion, listening, and organizational skills.
Workers often deal with people who struggle in life, compassion is a valuable trait
in feeling a sense of empathy for those who need help. They will feel empathy
and understanding that will enable them to help their clients address the issue
and find solutions.
another fundamental skill for many Social Workers. They can only help their
clients more effectively if they listen and understand their clients’ situations.
Each person has a different need that requires a tailored solution.
Of course, most
Social Works require superb organizational skills. Social Workers have to deal
with a large caseload, with some handling more than 20 cases at once. Being
organized can help Social Workers manage their time and energy so they can
provide the necessary services for their clients.
can also use these skills:
skills, both written and oral. Social Workers have to keep notes on cases and
interview their clients to help them become better.
Many find it hard to express themselves. Being able to observe their body
language and social clues can help Social Workers provide better services.
power of persuasion. Most Social Workers need to coax and convince their
clients to take action.
resilience. Social Workers have to provide emotional support to their clients,
but it can lead to burnout. To survive in this field, you need to withstand
emotional demands and know how to step back when needed.
teamwork. It is common for Social Workers to liaise with other professionals
and take part in meetings and conferences. Foster good relationships with other
people to make the job easier for you. Seek support and direction from your supervisors
Apart from the daily stress that comes with the job, a heavy workload is one of
the biggest challenges Social Workers face. Many of them deal with irregular
work schedules, mainly because their services may be required during emergencies.
Increase your physical stamina to endure and overcome the hurdles of the job.
How can one apply
for Social Work degree programs?
Before one can
enter the school of their choice and enroll in a Social Work degree program,
there are steps that they need to go through. The application and admission
process can be overwhelming for many but knowing what they need to do can help
a lot in increasing their chances of being admitted to a reputable institution.
students who already made up their minds about pursuing a career in the Social
Work field can prepare early on. There are classes that they can take in high
school that can help them get ready for college-level courses needed for a
bachelor’s in Social Work. They can give careful attention to subject areas
like communication, psychology, and language. Math and science are also
Work programs have a rigorous set of standards that aspiring students must
meet. Generally, students need to review their GPA, transcripts, letters of
recommendation, and volunteer experience. Most schools also require students to
meet the program’s outlined objectives that they can demonstrate through their
statement, references, and admission interview.
students can increase their chances of admission with a high GPA. Most schools
require a GPA of at least 3.5.
For those who
aim to be admitted to a master’s degree program, it is vital to earn an
undergraduate degree from an accredited school. Just like a bachelor’s degree,
a statement of purpose and letter of recommendation are required. The
application process might assess a student’s commitment to Social Work values,
sensitivity, and experience in the field. Many accredited master’s in Social
Work programs favor applicants with volunteer or professional work experience.
process varies in each learning institution, students should keep in mind that
there are application deadlines they must strictly adhere to. Most schools set
February as the application deadline for fall term and November for spring.
Although some universities can still accept applications after the deadlines,
students might not be given priority consideration for merit scholarship
are now giving students the convenience of accomplishing their application
forms online, although offline supplemental materials like transcripts and
letters of recommendations might need to be delivered via mail or in person.
It is necessary for all sorts of business structure,
big or small, to have competent managers. These managers play an essential role
in the sustainability and profitability of an organization. Whether you are a
high school graduate or an entrepreneur, pursuing a business management degree
is worthwhile. The knowledge and skills obtained while earning this degree through
either traditional or online schools can go a long way to almost any industry.
Students who embark on the journey into becoming
capable business managers in their interest can do it through different types
of specializations offered by various schools. These specializations enable the
students to customize their studies and help them get to know the right field
for them. They get exposed to different business theories and gain competence
in the areas of leadership, legal business, marketing, human resource and more.
There are hundreds of schools that offer multifaceted business management
degree programs. What you learn in the classroom will help you explore your
areas of strength.
Are you a people person with high regard towards leadership roles? Do you take the lead and possess leadership qualities? Do you plan to start your own business? Business Management may be the right program for you!
Business Management as a Degree
Business Management is one of the most popular majors among all academic degree programs. This degree program encompasses a wide range of specializations and career track. A business management major can help you prepare for a wide variety of roles in any industry. According to Data USA, there were 326,808 total business degrees awarded in 2016. Locations with the high number of degree recipients are West Frankfort, IL, Schaumburg, IL, and Dayton, TN and places with the highest concentration of degree recipients are Tempe, Az, New York, NY and San Diego, CA.
The education you’ll obtain from learning Business
Management will equip you with necessary management procedures and tasks, and fundamental
management skills applicable to almost all sorts of career fields.
Types of Business Management Degrees
An Associate’s in Business Management is the basic level of degree one can earn in two years. It provides a foundation of business theory and skills needed for business operations. Typically, this degree requires 60-70 credits to finish. Some of the courses required are Principles of Marketing, Introduction to Business, Financial Accounting 1, Business Law, Business Ethics, and Introduction to Human Resources. Depending on the institution, some associate degree programs are offered with specializations in Marketing, Operations, or Finance.
A Bachelor’s in Business Management takes four years for full-time students to complete. This degree emphasizes on students gaining a foundation of the aspects of the business world. Its major requirements include Accounting, Management Information System, Leadership and Ethics, Human Resource Management, Marketing, and Economic Principles. Courses must reach from 120 to 124 credit hours for most schools and an internship or research project is necessary.
A Master’s in Business Management helps students develop expertise in Business Management after completing a bachelor’s program. Pursuing this degree usually takes two to three years with full-time study. Core courses include Strategic Planning and Marketing, Operations and Project Management, Managerial Statistics, International Management, and Human Resource Management. A capstone research project or a master’s thesis project is also required. While there are schools that offer master’s in business management, most institution offer business management programs through MBA or Master’s in Business Administration. This degree requires 30 to 60 credit hours.
The Doctorate in Business Management degree is the highest level of education for a Business Management program after a master’s degree. Students may choose to enroll in a Ph.D. program in Management or a DBA (Doctorate in Business Administration) which typically takes 3-5 years to complete. The first two years are spent on coursework like Organizational Analysis and Behavior, Introduction to Research Methods, Probability Theory, and Applied Behavioral Research, to name a few. The faculty then helps or works with the students to initiate research. Students have to complete data analysis for their dissertation at the beginning of the third year and independently continue research for the rest of the term.
Business Management Specializations
The broad range of career options for business
management graduates makes it the very reason why most institutions offer
specializations for every business management degree level. Here are some of
the specializations of business management, but are not limited to:
Accounting focuses on the study of public accounting
and examination of tax accounting, auditing, financial and managerial related
problems. This specialization is
designed for business students who do not hold an accounting degree in
accounting but want to explore careers in the accounting field. Some of the
courses may include Auditing, Financial Accounting, Cost Accounting, Corporate
Managerial Accounting students may sit for CPA
examination depending on the courses offered by the school.
Finance allows students to learn financial analysis by
collecting financial information and preparing recommendations for financial
and investing decisions. Courses in this specialization may comprise of
relevant areas in finance like Financial Management, Investment and Portfolio
Management, Risk Management, and Financial Modeling. Students also explore
techniques in creating financial forecasts, international finance, and solve
business issues by using principles of finance and accounting.
Marketing is designed to provide students with the
essential skills and knowledge in strategic planning, marketing research, and
analysis, product policies, marketing organization, and other marketing related
topics. It emphasizes the importance of creativity and strong analytical
skills. Students explore courses in Retail Management, Sales Management,
Advertising Management, Marketing Strategy, and Marketing Research.
Economics enhances students view and a solid understanding
of the macroeconomic and microeconomic variables. It also allows students to
learn and develop an intensive analysis of economies using statistical tools
and data of the business environment. This specialization strengthens the correlation
between economics and finance. Generally, coursework in International
Economics, Financial Institutions & Markets, Managerial Economics, and
Market Structure are required for this specialization.
Entrepreneurship & Innovation Management
Entrepreneurship & Innovation Management focuses
on entrepreneurship on high technology ventures, the development of new
business opportunities and leadership skills necessary to deal with the
challenges of innovation. Courses covered are New Ventures Financing, Social
Entrepreneurship, Venture Capital and Banking, and Venture Capital &
Private Equity. This specialization is perfect for students who either want to
start their enterprise or enhance their leadership or managerial skills for an
Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management lets students learn more about the selection process of business personnel, application of foundational human resource skills, and management of talent or employees. This specialization is excellent for students who want to focus on people-centrist leadership. Human Resource Management, Compensation Administration, Current Issues in Human Resource Management, Human Resource Technology Management, Leadership, Training, and Development, and Strategic Staffing are required to pursue this concentration.
Management Information Systems
Management Information Systems addresses the
management of the use and impact of information systems in organizations. With
the fast-changing world of business, globalization and information systems have
now played a more critical role. This specialization is ideal for students who
are interested in the cutting-edge technology that modern companies use in
business decisions. Courses help students focus on digital business
transformation through data and techniques that help in managerial decisions.
These courses include Research Methods in Information Systems, Introduction to
Behavioral Research Methods for Business, Business Systems Analysis,
Telecommunications & Networking Concepts, and Database Management Systems.
Operations Management focuses on topics like production control, quality management, supply chain management, quality control, and developing of good and services. Students are equipped with the business intelligence and practical problem-solving skills necessary in managing organizations. These are achieved through taking courses like Foundations of Operations Management Research, Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques, Project Procurement Management, Topics in Inventory Management, and Stochastic Models for Research in Business and Management.
International Business delves into business management topics that cover international marketing, finance, economics, and organizational management. Courses in this specialization will help students broaden their understanding of business management across borders and cultural boundaries. Some of the courses offered for this concentration may cover Global Comparative Management, International Economics, International Business, International Marketing, International Entrepreneurship, and International Business Law.
Project Management undertakes specific projects and tackles different techniques and strategies of all the aspects of its completion. Students learn how to manage diverse teams, complete projects on time and budget, and utilize appropriate methodologies in directing the success of business projects. A student may take up courses like Foundation of Project Management, Project Procurement Management, Project Management Strategy, Advanced Topics in Communications for Project Management, and Program and Project Portfolio Management.
Online vs. Brick and Mortar Business Management
As the evolution of online learning continues to
expand, prospective students should look for and enroll in accredited institutions.
While brick and mortar business management degrees are still present, an online
format offers equivalent courses, so nontraditional, continuing and adult
learners experience and learn the same quality of education with that of the
traditional form. Brick and mortar business management degrees give a classroom
environment where you can directly interact with the faculty/professors and
peers. Several student activities are all in front of you for you to choose
The online version helps anyone who wants to have the
college experience while not being on-campus at all. The ultimate challenge of
being an online student of a business management degree program is the ability
and consistency to manage your own time and be able to follow course schedules
and meet deadlines at your own pace. Online students can work and study at the
same time. Classes are guided by its respective advisers, and online
participation is done through live video conferences. Also, schools ensure
online students are provided with technical support ready to assist them
Students’ (of brick and mortar Business Management degree) only leverage against online format is the opportunity to interact with students vis-à-vis which is essential in honing interpersonal and communication skills in the business industry.
Financing Your Business Management Education
The cost of earning a Business Management degree depends on the level of education you want to pursue. One significant factor that determines tuition rates is the student’s residency. Nowadays, there is no escaping from the fact that college tuition is expensive. According to Data USA, the median out-of-state private tuition for a business degree is at $27,220 while the median in-state public tuition is at $6,330. But before you decide to keep back from getting into college because of its cost, know that there is about $130 billion available Federal student aid for the fiscal year 2019 (as per the Department of Education). This includes $30 billion in Pell Grants and $99 billion in student loans. An estimate of over 11 million students can take advantage of these financial aid resources.
There are two types of financial aid: merit-based aid
and need-based aid. Merit-Based aid is awarded to students by a third-party
organization or the institution itself based on their merits and not based on
their financial need. Need-based aid is for students whose family or one’s
income and contribution couldn’t cover the total college cost.
Scholarships, grants, loans, and work-study are other types of aid. Scholarships, which do not require repayment, are awarded by individual institutions and private organizations. Like scholarships, grants do not require repayment.
Grants, on the other hand, are offered by the federal and state government and other service institutions. The federal government offers the Federal Pell Grant, Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grant (FSEOG), Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education (TEACH) Grant, Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant. Federal and state government also offer loans which must be repaid with interest. Another type of funding is private loans which are provided by banks.
Lastly, the work-study program is for students who can work in federally funded jobs while enrolled with college courses.
Most schools let you explore your financial options
and provide the necessary application information for financial aid.
Business Management Career Pathways, Information, and
Graduates of business management degree program leave the school prepared to join the workforce in a variety of industries. As reported by the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, Business Management degree holders can fill the following positions:
Accountants and Auditors examine financial statements and compute taxes, prepare tax returns, and ensure taxes are paid on time. They inspect accounting books and systems ensuring they comply with laws and regulations. The demand for accountants and auditors is expected to grow by 10% until 2026. Median pay is $70,500 per year.
Administrative Services Managers oversee the maintenance needs, facilities management, and handle the acquisition, distribution, and inventory of equipment and supplies. They also supervise building operations, planning and management, communication and facility functions. Employment for administrative services managers is likely to grow 10% up to the year 2026. The annual median pay for this occupation is $96,180.
Advertising, Promotions, and Marketing Managers analyze the demand for products and services and direct business strategy for advertising. Their goal is to create an interest or influence consumers to purchase products and services of a department or an organization. These managers have to oversee that the campaign or advertising budget and materials are estimated and evaluated. The annual wage for advertising and promotions managers is $117,130 while marketing managers earn $134,290 yearly. Employment for this field of occupation is expected to grow 10% in the coming years.
Compensation and Benefits Managers are responsible for monitoring and implementing the compensation and benefits for the company. They have to oversee salary structure, merit increases, insurance, and pension plans and devise appropriate base pay for every job position in the company. The job outlook for compensation and benefits managers is expected to grow 5% within the next few years which is about as fast as the average for all occupations. They are paid $121,010 annually.
Financial Managers execute a solid business plan for the company by overseeing financial reports and investments, developing strategies and advising senior executives in making long-term and short-term decisions for the company. They look after the overall financial health of the company and have to stay up-to-date on new technological software and advances useful in the improvement and maintenance of the company’s financial reports and operations. The projection for financial managers’ employment will be at 19% until the year 2026. This is much faster than the average of all occupations. Median pay is $127,990 per year.
Financial Analysts primarily work for financial managers. Financial analyst duties and responsibilities usually overlap with those of the business managers, but the latter has to call for the final decision making. Financial analysts collect, monitor and study data to analyze the financial status of the company. Making comparative and cost analyses through operational data is one of the essential duties of financial analysts. There is an 11% projected growth in the next seven years for employment, and the median annual salary is $85,660.
Human Resources Managers ensure the Human Resource department or team carries out its functions and tasks. They plan, organize and control activities in the department. Developing and analyzing the company’s evaluation program, maintaining the company’s handbook on policies and procedures, and overseeing recruitment, new employee orientations and employee relations counseling are some of the duties of human resource managers. The projected growth rate for the employment of human resource managers is 9%, and the median yearly salary is $113,300.
Industrial Production Managers oversee that the production processes and activities run smoothly. They also supervise in reducing production cost when necessary, decide which machine and equipment to utilize in the production, and monitor schedule and anticipate problems of production. Their duties require regular contact with employees and partners in the production or supply chain. The median wage for industrial production managers is $103,380 per year.
Market Research Analysts mainly study market conditions and examine potential sales of products and services. They create visuals of market trends and present studies to clients or marketing management. They are typically hired by public or private sectors to make recommendations. A much faster growth of 23%, more than the average for all occupations is expected for market research analysts. Median annual wage is $63,120.
Project Managers are the point persons for a particular project of an organization. Project managers plan, monitor and report on the project while acting as the intermediary between the upper management and the operations team who executes the project. Time management, documentation, issues and risks management are some of the responsibilities of a project manager.
Public Relations managers oversee the creation of media content, strategy, and releases of an organization’s public relations. They maintain and forge relationships with media men, journalists, and influencers in any business sector whether for-profit or non-profit. They also manage and brief press officers and organize press conferences. Public relations managers’ employment growth is at 10%, and the median pay is $114,800 per year.
Sales Managers typically lead a group of sales professionals or directly, a sales team. They supervise the organization by directing and setting goals, train and motivate sales team members, work with customer complaints, analyze data and records about sales trends, and devise strategies in expanding client or customer base. Employment growth is projected at 7%, and the median annual wage is $124,220.
Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents are responsible for checking federal, state and local taxes which an individual or an organization owes. Reviewing tax returns, tax audits and tax payments and recognizing tax fraud are included in their duties. The median annual wage for tax examiners, collectors, and revenue agents is $54,440.
Top Executives are the authoritative leaders responsible for managing the overall operational activities and oversee the organization’s budgetary operations. They also work with other senior management positions in establishing departmental goals, procedure, and policies. Projection of growth for top executives is 8% up until 2026. Median pay is $189,600 per year.
Training and Development Managers ensure every employee in the organization is well-trained and does their job effectively and efficiently. They help design and develop training schemes to enhance the knowledge and skills of officers, employees and newly hired members of the organization. Employment for training and development managers is forecasted to grow by 10% within the next seven years. Their annual wage is $111,340.
10 Business Management Occupations
indispensable part of any business, big or small, business managers are
responsible for overseeing and supervising a company. They manage the
day-to-day operations in a business or organization. Their specific tasks include
administrative services, human resources, policies and procedures, and
accounts. It is the business manager’s job to direct the activities of workers
as well as ensure that every department is on track to meet its financial
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
The head of the
sales department or team, sales managers have to set sales goals and how to
achieve them. They develop training programs and work strategies that can help
in improving the sales team’ records.
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
managers oversee the different operations in the company. They are responsible
for managing the daily operations of an office, department, or company through
formulating and implementing policies as well as directing particular projects.
Their job is similar to that of the business managers. However, the
responsibilities of operations managers are confined to the processes and
production aspects alone. They have more specific tasks, like increasing the
efficiency of the production machine of the company.
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
The role of a
financial manager is to oversee the financial health of an organization. Their
tasks include preparing financial reports, directing investment activities, and
developing strategies and plans for their company’s long-term goals.
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
To spark the
audience’s interest in products and services, marketing managers are needed in
any business or organization. Their duties extend to advertising, promoting,
and marketing their offerings by planning programs that can foster awareness
and trust in their brands. They usually coordinate with art directors, sales
agents, and financial staff members.
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
to as management consultants, management analysts are the ones responsible for
proposing ways to improve their organization’s efficiency. It is their job to
advise managers on how to make organizations more profitable. This advice often
leads to reduced costs and revenue growth.
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
When it comes
to devising strategies and policies that will help the organization meet its
goals, top executives are needed. They are the ones who plan, direct, and
coordinate operational activities within the company.
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
Compensation and Benefits Manager
It is the job
of compensation and benefits manager to plan, develop, and supervise programs
that will compensate employees. They set the pay and benefits structure and
determine competitive wage rates for various compensation plans. It is also
their responsibility to prepare a program budget and make sure that it stays
within the budget.
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
The duties of
purchasing managers include overseeing the work of buyers and purchasing
agents. They are responsible for buying products that the business will either
use or resell to the customers. Their tasks extend to negotiating contracts
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
Training and Development Manager
business or organization, it is vital to plan, direct, and coordinate programs
that can enhance the knowledge and skills of employees. This will help the
latter become more productive and play an essential role in achieving the
Entry-level Education: Bachelor’s degree
Management Occupational Titles:
30 Highest Paying Business Management Careers
Chief Executive Officer
officers are in public and private-sector industries. They are mainly
responsible for the planning, coordination, and management of company
operations. They are the ones who make sure their company has the right goals,
and they meet those goals within the set timeline. They are leaders in the
business industry who earn great respect from the people working inside and
outside their company, organization, agency, or corporation. Although CEOs have
the management position in the company, they still have to answer to a board of
directors. They are vital for their companies’ success, so they need to be
highly qualified, with a master of business administration degree and stellar
Executive Officer Salary:
managers create and implement strategies like marketing campaigns and brand
identity to achieve the target sales of a company within the given marketing
budget. Marketing managers are also responsible for monitoring the
effectiveness of the strategies employed. They keep track of competitor data
and market trends to ensure that the company’s products or services remain
competitive or attractive to its target consumers. External or internal
designers or design companies are also a close collaborator of marketing
managers to properly execute their vision for the company’s brand, product, or
A sales manager
is tasked to lead a group of sales professionals within a company. They hire
and train salespeople and assign goals for them to meet based on the company’s
targets. Sales managers also come up with sales plans that to reach or improve
profits, gain or retain customers, and improve the selling strategies of their
salespeople. Excellent communication skills are necessary, as they function as
trainers and mentors for their sales team, and because it may also be the
responsibility of sales managers to handle dissatisfied customers.
Sales Manager Salary: $126,040
opportunities to expand a business or organization is one of the critical roles
of a business development manager. They look into potential new markets,
partnerships, or clients or even new products and services to offer to grow the
company and increase revenue. They are expected to initiate contact with
various people or organizations who can help the company venture into new
waters. Advertising campaigns, frequent attendance in industry functions, cold
calling, and other innovative forms of networking are expected from business
development managers to create interest in the business.
Business Development Manager Salary: $123,396
hire financial managers to receive financial advice on their business plans and
decisions. Financial managers are in charge of managing budgets, preparing
financial reports, and recommending both short- and long-term steps to be taken
based on the financial performance of the company. They are in charge of the
overall financial health of the company, which can be through monitoring cash
flow and looking for opportunities to reduce costs. They maintain significant
relationships with external contacts like auditors and banks. Financial
managers must also keep track of government-mandated obligations like taxes and
changes in the country’s systems to avoid penalties or irregularities.
Financial Manager Salary: $121,750
identify and prepare for possible financial risks that a company might
encounter. Some may also cover risks to other aspects of a company, such as its
security, operations, or even its reputation. They are then responsible for
implementing plans that can either prevent these risks or mitigate them to
ensure that losses are minimal.
Risk Manager Salary: $111,963
Supply Chain Manager
timely procurement of parts or materials for a company’s product is the
responsibility of supply chain managers. They are the company’s middleman for
suppliers and service providers, negotiating deals and contracts that are
beneficial to the company. Supply chain managers then oversee the
manufacturing, storage, delivery, monitoring, and inventory of products. As
they also handle large numbers of staff involved in the production and distribution
of products, they must also implement standard operating procedures (SOPs) and
safety measures within the workplace. Constant innovation and improvement of processes
within their warehouses is also expected to improve productivity and product or
Supply Chain Manager Salary: $109,320
study market trends, conduct research on various areas that can affect the
economy (e.g., politics, international trade, and relations, population), and
use the data to recommend a course of action for clients, companies, or
government agencies that may be affected. A strong background in statistics is
crucial, as economists study trends and data that can span decades and
extensive sampling populations. If they are under a government office, they may
also be expected to share their reports and analyses to the public in a way
that can be understood by a lay audience. Business management degree holders
with a major in economics can pursue this path, and later take on a master’s
and doctor’s degree in Economics, which is required for higher-level economist
Economist Salary: $102,490
Mainly working in
the insurance industry, actuaries are people who assess risks and their
financial consequences. They work with data on events like accidents or
anything else that may involve a financial loss, and use that data to predict
how much an insurance premium should be now for the company to be able to cover
the economic cost of that future event. Actuaries can also be employed in the
pension and healthcare provider industry.
Actuary Salary: $101,560
General and Operations
operations managers handle the administrative, personnel, and purchasing
services of a company. They are expected to utilize the company’s material and
human resources by creating policies, attracting talents, evaluating staff
performance, and running operations smoothly, among many others. General and
operations managers cover a diverse set of responsibilities, and the focus of
their work may vary from company to company.
General and Operations Manager Salary: $99,310
banks, private equity firms, and companies that provide financial services hire
corporate investment bankers to make use of their expertise in areas like
mergers and acquisitions, investing in stocks, bonds, etc., and venturing into
Initial Public Offerings (IPOs). Corporate investment bankers help companies
raise their capital by issuing debt and selling equity and ensure good deals
for those in the business of buying and selling companies.
Corporate Investment Banker Salary: $98,173
analysts are problem-solvers for companies and their stakeholders. Their work
entails frequently communicating with the important people in the organization.
They work toward resolving the organization’s financial issues. These solutions
usually involve the use of new technology and systems within a company, and
thus, many business analysts become part of Information Technology (IT)
departments. They are also tasked with introducing and implementing these
solutions among the involved employees.
Business Analyst Salary: $94,881
management analysts to evaluate their existing procedures for managing the
organization and improving or designing new processes for smooth and efficient
operations. Management analysts can also recommend organizational changes,
especially in cases where there are redundant or unnecessary positions. These
changes are then monitored closely by management analysts, along with the
client, to determine if they are effective. Most management analysts work on a
contractual, per project basis and are sourced from consulting companies.
Management Analyst Salary: $93,440
analysts are vital to a company, as they are tasked with predicting the economic
impact or outcome of business decisions that they plan to undertake. Financial
analysts can make these predictions by collecting and studying large amounts of
data about the market, the economy, and even past financial decisions of their
company. Financial analysts’ recommendations then come from their analysis of
that data. They also study the performance of a company’s various investments
and look into the viability of other investment opportunities.
Financial Analyst Salary: $84,300
can either be self-employed professionals or employees under a company and
usually specialize in a particular field (e.g., start-ups, IT industry).
Business advisors work with their clients to grow a business in aspects like
funding, networking, and navigating the industry. They assess various plans
under marketing, sales, etc., and recommend changes if needed. In other words,
business advisors provide all the support required by a company, especially a
new or struggling one, to grow. Business advisors are expected to have in-depth
knowledge and expertise to be able to guide their clients in their industry of
Business Advisor Salary: $71,168
managers handle certain clients on behalf of an organization and build strong,
long-term relationships by ensuring that the clients’ needs and satisfaction
with the product are met consistently. Clients are usually assigned to only one
account manager for the duration of the working relationship. Account managers
work closely with other units in the company that can influence the clients’
experience (e.g., manufacturing, logistics) and act as the middleman when
concerns arise from the client. Being up to date with industry trends is also a
must, as clients’ needs may also change with the times.
Account Manager Salary: $64,361
Compensation and Benefits
and benefits managers plan their company’s compensation packages. They are part
of the Human resources department, and together, they account for and distribute
personnel salaries promptly. They are also responsible for providing monetary
benefits for qualified employees. These benefits include insurance packages,
retirement plans, bonuses, and other benefits the company can provide. When
employees are ready to retire, they deal with the compensation and benefits
manager for their retirement package. Those who suffered accidents can also
consult them for their insurance policy.
Compensation and Benefits Managers
Public Relations and Fundraising
One of the primary
responsibilities if a public relations and fundraising manager is to raise
funds for the company or organization he or she is working for. These managers
are also responsible for their company’s public image. They run brand marketing
events, PR campaigns, and fundraising campaigns. They produce and manage media
releases that appeal to their target market. They are also experts in brand
Public Relations and Fundraising Manager
is a general term for anyone managing their own business. Their “salaries” are primarily
based on the nature of such company. Entrepreneurs are mostly graduates of
four-year business courses. However, there are also entrepreneurs who never
earned a degree but have amazing business minds. Although most entrepreneurs
manage their businesses, they can also manage other people’s business
enterprises. They are the ones who plan, develop, and execute strategies. Entrepreneurs
must be able to plan strategically and be highly skilled in financial matters.
Entrepreneur Salary: $10,000–$1 million or more
Personal Financial Advisor
financial advisors need to earn a bachelor’s degree in either of the following
fields: economics, business, finance, accounting, mathematics, or the law. If
they have degrees in more than one of these fields, then that gives them a higher
chance in this line of work. Having an excellent command of such areas gives
them the educational advantage to succeed in this career. Their
responsibilities to their clients involve managing their client’s monetary
investments, whether it’s a short- or long-term duty. They also offer their
knowledge of state and federal taxes to help their clients maximize their
finances. They recommend setting up goals for the ultimate purpose of securing retirement
savings, pensions, investments, and insurance. Personal Financial Advisors also
help their clients manage their debts.
Personal Financial Advisor Salary: $90,460
Agents and Business
business managers need to have earned a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree in
business administration with a specialization in marketing. These types of
managers represent performers, artists, and athletes. Their primary
responsibility is to market the abilities, talents, skills, and potentials of
their clients to prospective employers and production companies. Their duties
include contract negotiations, career planning, research, and financial
planning. As the vital link between the client and their employers, agents, and
business managers are on top of their client’s schedules, tours, and other events.
Agents and Business Manager Salary: $113,890
Computer and Information
information systems managers are required to have a bachelor’s degree in
computer science or information science as well as work experience of at least
five to ten years. The job titles mostly attached to computer and information
systems managers are chief technology officer (CTO), chief information officer
(CIO), IT director, or IT manager. They are in charge of supervising computer-related
activities in the company. That’s why CEOs or the board of directors choose
master’s degree holders with more than ten years of work experience. Their
duties include analysis of technology needs, execution of computer and
information systems, and ensuring system security. They are also responsible
for the other IT professionals within the company.
Computer and Information Systems Manager
Human Resources Manager
managers need to have at least a bachelor’s degree in a human-resources field
such as psychology. That is the minimum requirement, but most HR managers have
master’s degrees with years of experience working in the field. Their primary
responsibility is to be the liaisons between the management and the employees.
Although one person can be fully capable of fulfilling the tasks of an HR
manager, large companies, corporations, or organizations appoint specific HR
managers for recruitment, staff management, training, and development, and
other employee-related programs within the company—forming sub-departments
within the organization’s human resources department.
Human Resources Manager Salary: $99,720
Health Services Manager
managers are required to have at least a bachelor’s degree in health services,
healthcare management, care administration, public health, or public
administration. However, most companies choose to appoint those who have
master’s degrees with years of field experience as health services managers.
They are in charge of heading the operations in medical facilities, clinics, or
health departments. The duties of health services managers include employee
supervision, schedule planning and management, record keeping, and budget
management—among others. They are also known in the medical and health services
industry as healthcare executives, health care administrators, or healthcare
Health Services Manager Salary: $88,580
services managers are needed so that the everyday operations of their client’s
business can run smoothly. They are in charge of facility management tasks,
materials scheduling, as well as other organizational areas in their company or
organization. The primary duties of administration services managers include
allocating office space, updating equipment, supervising business-related
operations, ensuring that contracts are being followed, preparing
transportation services, supervising support services, grounds maintenance
planning, and schedules, security system implementation, and many others. They
are appointed so that administrative works are managed and executed
efficiently, ensuring the maximum performance of the company or organization.
Administration Services Manager Salary: $94,020
One of the main
goals of promotions managers is to increase the sales of their company,
organization, or client. Their main task is directly related to advertising.
They are the ones responsible for designing promotional materials for their
company, including posters, events, and social media content—among other
strategies. They also plan and execute advertising campaigns that often run for
months and demand a large budget form the company. Since these ad campaigns are
often expensive, promotions managers need to ensure that the company will get a
welcome return on investment. It is also their responsibility to study the
results of their campaigns and analyze the factors of their success or failure.
Promotions Managers Salary: $106,130
Elementary, Middle and
High School Principal
In general, the
responsibility of a school principal is to ensure that things run smoothly in
the educational institution they are managing. Their specific duties are varied
and often require patience and excellent people skills. Their primary responsibilities
include management and supervision of the teachers and student body, staff
evaluation, and campus safety and security. Their more community-based
responsibilities include dealing with the parents, representing their school to
the public, and being the school’s spokesperson to their community. Their
salaries often differ depending on which district or city they are in. Principals
who work in schools within small rural areas or large regions in the town often
receive lower salaries than those who work in schools within affluent suburban neighborhoods.
School Principal Salary: $94,390
required to earn a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree in hospitality or
business administration before they are qualified to be lodging managers.
Generally, lodging managers are responsible for the smooth management, safety,
and steady profit of their lodging establishments. They need to tend to their
guests in the most professional way, making sure that all the amenities they
provide are working correctly. One of their primary duties is to hire and fire
employees and workers. When there is not enough staff, sometimes they are also
responsible for advertising campaigns for their lodging establishment as well
as planning and executing interior designs.
Lodging Manager Salary: $49,720
Food Service Manager
Managers often work in restaurants, hotels, school cafeterias, entertainment
establishments, large companies, and any other organization, where someone
needs to take care of the food services for a large number of people. Food
service managers are tasked to make sure that the dining facility they are
managing is running smoothly and efficiently. They are responsible for
preparing the food items as well as supervise the employees under their
management. Their duties include inventory management, employee work schedules,
event and catering schedules, handling of customer complaints, paperwork, and
training new workers—among others.
Food Service Manager Salary: $69,654
Property, Real Estate
& Community Association Managers
requirement for a property, real estate, and community association manager is a
high school diploma with one to five years of work experience in the field.
Although most employers go with candidates, who have certification and license.
Their primary responsibility is to supervise and manage the operations of
residential and commercial properties. Their duties include buying and selling
property, renting property, hiring and supervising ground staff, and other
property maintenance requirements. Community association managers are also known
as property managers, homeowners’ association managers, leasing managers, and
Real Estate, and Community Association Manager Salary: $163,600
Part-time Business Management Jobs
hire Teacher Assistants to help out teachers in reinforcing lessons through
reviewing materials with students one-on-one or in groups. Teacher assistants
are also known as teacher aides, paraprofessionals, and education assistants.
Teacher Assistant Salary: $13,130
part-time assistant manager supports the manager with daily store operations.
They also assume the manager’s duties in his/her absence. Sometimes, assistant
managers help out in responding to customer queries. Most of the time, they set
out to accomplish tasks assigned by the manager in an accurate and timely
manner. This includes delegating daily workload to employees and ensuring
shelves are stacked with new merchandise.
Assistant Manager Salary: $17,450
Retail Sales Associates
associates ensure that retail stores are operational. They assist with
customers’ query and sales. Sometimes, they are also requested to take charge
of restocking inventory and operating the cash register, if necessary.
Retail Sales Associates Salary: $23,400
analysts can find part-time work in firms that need someone to improve their
operations, maximize profits, and increase efficiency. They are the ones who
talk to vendors, executives, and clients to examine the strength and weakness
of the business and help the decision-makers improve the situation.
Management Analyst Salary: 41,000
are integral in developing an operational budget and evaluating spending
practices. Some small firms hire part-time budget analysts to consult with
managers and decide on necessary funding. They are tasked to compile this data
into a comprehensive budgetary plan.
Budget Analyst Salary: $38,110
10 Unique Business Management Careers
Real Estate Appraiser
Management graduates can find an unusual yet satisfying job in appraising
properties. Their business and people skills can be put into good use in this
kind of situation, allowing them to prepare reports on a commercial or
residential property’s value.
Real Estate Appraiser Salary: $49,540
In this job, contract negotiators serve as the mediator between two businesses. They help design contracts that are agreeable to both parties. While some companies employ in-house negotiators, many businesses also choose freelance consultants that can help them draft contracts.
Contract Negotiator Salary: $68,840
negotiation and communication skills, credit counselors work with clients to sort
out their financial issues. Their job entails gathering information to assess
the financial situation and determine an individual’s ability to pay creditors.
They help in negotiating debt with creditors, set up repayment plans, lower
interest rates, and negotiate late fees.
Credit Counselor Salary: $42,110
Market Research Analyst
It is the
market research analysts’ job to study the latest products on the market and
help companies determine which ones will be successful. They also establish the
kind of buyers for the products and set the market prices.
Market Research Analyst Salary: $60,300
E-commerce Web Developer
management graduates may not expect to find a job as a web developer, but if
they have the coding and graphic design experience, they can combine it with
their business management skills to create and maintain an excellent e-commerce
site. Their developer skills can build upon their business prowess to give them
a definitive edge over many competitors.
E-commerce Web Developer Salary: $66,100
If one does not
feel like managing a business, managing an event is the next best thing. It is
also exciting, especially for those who have social skills. Event managers are
responsible for planning events, parties, and company meetings.
Event Manager Salary: $45,810
Public Relations Specialist
hire public relations specialists to help them plan public events, set up
interviews and improve the public face of the company. They serve as the
liaison between the employer and the clients or the public. They are
responsible for establishing a good relationship with news media, consumers,
local communities, and even the government.
Public Relations Specialist Salary: 61,980
help clients deal with financial milestones like paying for a college education
or buying a new house. They can find positions in a variety of settings, from
commercial banks and credit unions to mortgage companies and car dealership. The
best loan officers have excellent interpersonal skills and know how to advise,
evaluate, and authorize loans to people and businesses.
Loan Officer Salary: $73,670
n nonprofit organizations like educational institutions and health-research
foundations, fundraisers are tasked to bring in money by making cold calls,
writing grants, and organizing fundraising events.
Fundraiser Salary: $56,840
Social Media Manager
management graduates who have mastered the use of digital technology can find
many job opportunities in the digital marketing field. With their background in
marketing, they will be able to help increase brand awareness among consumers
through the use of social media channels like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.
They should be able to create effective marketing campaigns and give direction
to writers and other marketing teams.
Social Media Manager Salary: $56,770
Business Management Careers
indispensable to many companies. They are responsible for fixing problems
within the organization. Since clients are usually spread across the globe,
being a business consultant affords many business management graduates with
Those who are
in the retail industry can avail of travel opportunities as they hop from
branch to branch and oversee store inventory. They also have a chance to travel
all over the world when they attend vendor meetings, trade shows, and
conferences that are essential in many business decisions. It is quite common
in the fashion industry as well as e-commerce and department retailers.
As someone who
oversees the process of new commercial and residential buildings, a
construction manager can sometimes manage multiple projects in various cities.
Because of this, they spend considerable time traveling from one project site
to the next and make sure that requirements and goals are met.
analysts often travel to clients’ offices and working with them to improve
their business processes. Some companies are situated abroad so this will afford
them a lot of opportunities to travel internationally. It is the management
analysts’ job to examine financial records, observe personnel at work, and meet
with them to discuss business. Entry-level positions would typically require at
least a bachelor’s degree; some companies prefer graduates with a master’s degree.
Public Relations Manager
Combining a lot
of traveling with work is a common occurrence in a public relations manager’s
life. They often assist clients with projects for promotion and image building
purposes, including writing press releases, developing procedures for media
inquiries, and creating advertising and promotional campaigns. Most of the
time, public relations managers need to travel to another city or country to
meet with clients.
Is Business Management right for me?
Generally, graduates of an associate degree in Business Management may well be qualified for entry-level jobs. Positions could be executive assistant, sales assistant, or sales associate. The list above more likely requires either a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree depending on the qualifications from the company. Doctors of Business Management focus on conducting in-depth research and land teaching careers in prestigious universities and colleges.
When considering a college program, you must first
reflect on your reasons and goals. If you’ve been thinking about getting into
the business world, then it’s probably the right track for you. Business
management presents a wide array of choices. You have to be sure of your choice
or decision and whether it matches and aligns with your personality or not. You
also have to envision your career. Get to research and know what the best
program is for you.
If you have people skills, are a good leader, and
enjoy conversations with different people, Business Management is the right
program for you. If you enjoy multi-tasking, Business Management exposes you to
careers that let you do that.
What are the admission
requirements for a degree in Business Management?
Earning a business management degree begins with the admissions process. One has to research the admission requirements for each prospective school. Typically, applicants must meet prerequisites like test scores and submit admissions materials. Although there are schools that don’t require them, application fee/s should also be considered. At present, schools have come up with easy access to the application for admission online through their website or the Common Application.
Often, online program applications differ from that of
on-campus programs because they come on rolling bases. Applicants are assessed
through a first-come-first-served basis until classes reach their maximum
seats. They also impose “technical requirements” as specifications of student’s
operating system, internet connection, soundcard, hard drive space, processor, to
mention a few.
To be considered for admission, here are some of the standard
entry requirements (per degree level):
First-year applicants for an Associate’s degree in Business Management are required to submit high school or a General Education Development or General Education Diploma (GED) transcript. If you have attended another institution, an official college transcript is required.
First-year applicants for a Bachelor’s degree in Business Management may need to submit a completed application for admission, official high school transcript, SAT/ACT results, personal essay and letters of recommendation. For transfer students, the same application materials are required with the official college transcript and a transfer essay prompt.
Applicants for a Graduate degree in Business Management need to submit a completed application, official transcript from each undergraduate or graduate institution they have attended, a personal essay or statement, resume or CV, letters of recommendation, and Graduate Record Exam (GRE) scores.
What are the top qualities and skills can I acquire from earning a Business Management degree?
These qualities, skills, and traits are necessary for
becoming successful in the business management field:
Consistency. A good manager should demonstrate consistency to give guidance to organization members or employees. By being consistent, you can ensure higher levels of productivity, increased levels of comfort, and promote employee understanding. In turn, your people understand, respect, and stand by you as their manager.
Excellent leadership skills. Being in the Business Management level requires you to be a leader who possesses good interpersonal skills and influence others toward reaching organizational or company goals. A good leader must also possess decisiveness. This translates to makes good judgment and well-informed decisions.
Competitiveness. Capable managers don’t just seek to beat the competition; they strive to learn from them. They set goals and build persistence within the team using techniques that lead to those goals that help individuals in the organization grow professionally while promoting social intelligence that is essential to fostering great work relationships.
Solid communication skills. A good leader must promote effective communication. They meet different types of individuals at any organizational level. The clarity in expressing ideas and information, listening skills, and visibility make an excellent communicator. Employees feel comfortable, and confusion is reduced when there is good communication within the organization.
Professional integrity. Honest and ethical, a Business Manager is expected to do the right thing for the right reasons. If you continuously examine your motivations before making managerial decisions and you value the rules that the company or organization lives by, you make a great Business Management professional.
What is a typical Business Management coursework?
The undergraduate Business Management program has one of the most comprehensive coursework. Its coursework typically incorporates a broad group of interdisciplinary topics. Depending on the institution, the curriculum is designed to provide hands-on or practical learning and discuss issues in subjects that are related to your specialization.
The program will likely include the following:
Principles of Accounting presents the accounting cycle, financial statements, the theoretical framework of the accounting, the role of accounting in costing, investment decisions and financial environment. Future managers are trained to use tools in achieving financial health of the company including income statements, cash flow, balance sheets, and retained earnings statements.
Business Ethics introduces moral principles, ethical issues related to business, law, business activities, and social responsibility. This also tackles the diverse environments of businesses.
Principles of Marketing is all about the fundamental principles in business, product and services, customer behavior, pricing, channels of promotion, and distribution. It is meant to provide students with a basic understanding of different business decisions concerning marketing strategies.
Human Resources Management covers principles and systems of effective management of human resources in an organization. It includes techniques in administrative issues, selection, planning, job and performance evaluation, labor organizations and managing the diverse environment of a workplace.
Managerial Economics provides basic concepts of microeconomics and macroeconomics which deals with subjects like scarcity, supply, and demand, competitive market conditions, opportunity cost, and economic growth.
Organizational Behavior and Development studies individual and group behavior in an organization. This also covers diversity, leadership, decision making, and corporate design and development. Students will also learn strategic planning, conflict in management and dealing with individual differences in a team.
How significant is a master’s or doctorate in business
Pursuing a graduate degree in business management leads to real career success. An undergraduate degree may get you to in-demand jobs, but earning a master’s or a doctorate can help you excel even more. In graduate studies, you’ll learn in-depth research.
A flourishing business needs to know what the market needs and this is where vital research comes in. Another importance of getting into graduate studies in business management is the fact that it can lead you to discover and explore the finer points of data analysis. A business may mainly be about making a living, but when you are an expert, you know there are more patterns and intricacies to help the company reach its goals and become truly successful.
Besides gaining highly desirable skills, getting a
graduate degree brings forth excellent job security and higher earnings. MBA or
doctorate holders can expect to get salaries which are twice as much as a regular
college degree. The opportunity to consort with a strong business network is
another advantage of having a graduate degree. The connections you’ll make will
give you an even greater overall picture of the business world.
The practice of Law is essential to the democracy of the United States of America. It is rooted in the country’s proud history and is an integral part of maintaining the rule of law within the territorial bounds of the nation. Law, in the U.S., is a professional academic field and is equivalent to a graduate degree. Law schools in the country require applicants to hold a Bachelor’s degree or equivalent from an accredited college or university.
Law schools in the United States grant Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree that full-time students typically finish in three years. Part-time students can complete law school in four years. Legal education in the country is known to be distinctly different from the rest of the world. All law schools in the country follow the Socratic method, which remains to be central to modern law teaching. Through this method, Law students are trained to analyze and present their arguments to various legal issues by using debate as to the main form of academic discussions. It is an active learning process that professors To this day, Law professors consider the method to be the best tool in preparing skilled, critical, and ethical legal professionals.
The American Bar Association (ABA) is the voluntary association of both lawyers and students that oversees the legal profession across jurisdictions. After years of studying Law, J.D. degree holders need to take and pass the Bar exam to become full-fledged lawyers and practice Law.
Law As a Degree
A Law degree is often called a gateway to many career opportunities, not only in the legal field but also beyond the legal profession. Studying Law gives you the skills to become an attorney or build a career beyond lawyering. You can venture into politics, economics, business, education, or diplomacy. Yes, studying and finishing the degree comes with numerous rewards, but it is a complicated process. The coursework is intimidating, and the hours spent reading and preparing for class can be solitary. Knowing all these, it is crucial that you weigh whether Law school is the right choice for you. Below is an overview of the classes you will be taking in the four years pursuing a career in law.
During your first year, you will take the required set of courses, including Legal Writing, Statutory Construction, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Contracts, and Torts, among others. Additional degree requirements may vary from one Law school to another. Some schools add mandatory experiential courses to test student’s ability to prepare legal documents, and research.
As a second-year student, you will focus on various activities which will expose you to the day-to-day court setting. You will take Law Review, participate in Moot Court, court visits, and other extra-curricular activities that will allow you to practice. It is vital that you gather practical experience as you will be looking into internships as you move towards your third year. These internships will most likely lead you to a full-time job after graduation.
Lastly, during your third year in Law school, you are given more freedom to choose elective courses. You may select from International Law, Antitrust Law, Intellectual Property Law, or Immigration Law. It is the final year for full-time students and is often spent on finding employment. Most importantly, your third year will center on reviewing for the Bar examination.
Before you can engage in the legal profession and solicit clients, you need to be admitted to the Bar. The Bar exam is the definitive test to determine whether you are qualified to practice law in a specific jurisdiction. However, you may be required to take the examination set for that state before you can practice law. Failing to comply with these leads to an unauthorized practice of law, which is illegal and is punishable under the Rules of Court.
Types Of Law Degrees
It is worth noting
that Juris Doctor (J.D.), though the basic law curriculum, is not the only law
degree offered in the United States. It is essential that you understand the
required skill set in your career choice. A J.D. degree will prepare you for
the Bar and will give you the necessary academic and practical knowledge to
pass the exam. Once you seek career advancements, other law degrees will
provide you with the legal knowledge, skills, and expertise that will prove
useful in any field. The first step in exploring the different law degrees is
having an overview of the curricula, admissions requirements, and outcomes.
These factors will aid you in deciding what type of law degree best fits your
Legal Certificate Programs
Legal Certificate Programs allow students to earn
certification featuring courses that are general and offering basic legal
knowledge, or more specific courses that explore in an area of interest.
Juris Doctor (J.D.)
The fundamental law degree, Juris Doctor, is the primary requirement and the first step in pursuing a career as a practicing lawyer. It is the ABA that determines and sets the curriculum for all law schools in the country. A J.D. degree from any of the ABA-accredited law school ensures that the program focuses on all aspects of U.S. law. This includes procedural law – criminal and civil procedure, preparing them for the tedious legal processes in litigation. Emphasizing on the tools and strategies useful in the courtroom is an effective technique in producing seasoned lawyers. Passing the Bar exam is the main goal in law school. Failing to pass the exam means you cannot practice the law.
To enroll in a J.D. degree program, you must hold a bachelor’s degree from an accredited four-year academic institution. Along with the application, submit your LSAT or GRE scores. It is customary for law schools to require letters of recommendation and a personal statement, and hold a personal interview.
Master of Laws (LLM)
Master of Laws (LLM) is specially
designed for legal professionals who hold a law degree. The master’s degree is
the avenue by which lawyers or legal professionals specialize in a particular
area of law. LLM students have the opportunity to develop their expertise in
the legal subject that want to focus on. Among the top specialties are Tax Law,
Intellectual Property, Copyright Law, Environmental Law, and Human Rights Law.
The LLM curriculum allows students to handpick their electives covering
advanced legal courses.
To secure admission to the
Masters of Law program, you must have earned a J.D. degree from an ABA-accredited institution. You need to submit an updated résumé, personal
statement, and the necessary number of letters of recommendation. An interview
is always expected for admission to any graduate program. When you choose to
become a full-time student, you can finish the degree in a year. Part-time
students, on the other hand, takes two years to complete the degree.
Master of Legal Studies (MLS) or Master of Science in Law (MSL)
Master of Legal Studies (MLS) or Master of Science in Law (MSL) is a graduate law degree designed for the non-practicing law profession. This degree best fits nonlawyers who seek to have an in-depth understanding of legal concepts and procedures. Because of the variety of legal topics included in the curriculum, MLS/MSL degree holders are assured to hold advanced positions in their field. Courses may cover areas in regulatory compliance, contracts, administrative law, negotiation theory, and legal writing. It is a 16 to a 28-month graduate program that will provide students with strong foundational knowledge in every aspect of law.
Master of Dispute Resolution (MDR)
Dispute resolution remains as a convenient legal tool in conflict resolution. The Master of Dispute Resolution (MDR) degree is a practical graduate degree program for legal professionals. It provides valuable negotiation, mediation, and arbitration knowledge and skills in conflict management. MDR curriculum follows the 16 to 28 months coursework, focusing on key strategies in dispute resolution. After completing the program, you will come to learn that amicable settlement is proven effective in resolving conflicts. Additionally, you will gain proficiency in negotiating complex transactions. Alternative dispute resolution does not only facilitate fair compromise, but it also ensures that every party’s interest is taken into consideration.
MDR is an ideal graduate degree for working professionals who are in business management or leadership roles. Conflict resolution is valuable in the workplace. Position yourself at an advantage by earning the degree. Since this is a non-J.D. degree, a bachelor’s degree will suffice. Additional requirements will depend on your school of choice.
Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD)
Considered the highest and the terminal degree in Law, the Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) is designed for legal professionals who are investing in advanced legal education. SJD students must have completed both their J.D. and LLM degrees to be admitted to the program. The curriculum goes against traditional law classes, as it requires students to conduct legal research. They are encouraged to attend symposia and have one-on-one consultations with professors. Under the program, SJD candidates will further their legal expertise to qualify as a professor of a scholar of Law. The degree will make you an Amicus Curiae, or “Friend of the Court,” providing your expertise when the Court needs advice. Completion typically takes two years for full-time students.
Under the extensive
areas of law, there are various areas wherein you can choose to specialize on.
This will answer the dreaded question of what type of law do you wish to
practice after you finish your degree and pass the Bar. It is crucial to have
an overview of each of the specialty areas in Law.
Here are the major
areas of Law as a degree:
Admiralty or Maritime Law
Admiralty or Maritime Law
regulates all economic transactions, including property disputes involving both
land-based and marine trading. This area of Law consists of statutes, case law,
and jurisprudence centered on disputes involving navigable waters. Hence, all
issues and factual scenarios that are maritime will fall under Maritime law.
Maritime jurisdiction is an important part of state sovereignty. Therefore, our
founding fathers formulated laws governing jurisdictional water lines. This
includes waters that are utilized for interstate and foreign business and commerce.
Specializing in Maritime Law will expose you to cases such as commercial accidents resulting from perils of the sea and perils of the ship. Individuals seeking damages from injuries or hazardous material spill may engage the legal services of an attorney who specialized in the area. According to The Maritime Law Association of the United States, you can also apply your expertise in cases of piracy in national or international waters as it is considered a crime against humanity. Jurisdictional limitations do not apply.
United States Bankruptcy Law aims to protect individuals and organizations’ property rights when they have no sufficient assets to pay their debts. It works by giving insolvent debtors a fresh start by liquidating what is left of their assets to satisfy the debt. They are given an option to create a repayment plan that is reasonable and consistent with Federal and State laws. An individual or an organization may file for bankruptcy and hire a seasoned Bankruptcy Lawyer from the National Association of Consumer Bankruptcy Attorneys and comply with the U.S. Bankruptcy Code.
Business or Corporate Law
Corporate Law deals with the formation, operation, administration, dissolution, and all other legal aspects of businesses and corporations. This branch of law is closely linked to commercial and contract law that governs the inception of corporations. Since a corporation takes the nature of an artificial or juridical personality, it needs legal representation through Corporate Lawyers. Generally, these attorneys, who are members of the Association of Corporate Counsel, take charge of mergers, acquisitions, internal reorganization, and intra-corporate disputes. An in-house counsel takes full responsibility for all legal matters concerning the corporation.
Civil Rights Law
Civil Rights Law is rooted in the plight to protect the civil liberties of both individual and organizations. These rights are injected in the legal system to ensure that people enjoy equal protection and equal rights without prejudice to any divisive factors. Civil Rights Lawyers, who are members of the Civil Rights Trial Lawyers Association, safeguard the people from overly intrusive conduct of the government and other agencies. Since government actors are precluded from making arbitrary actions, civil rights law affords due process to every person. Lawyers practicing in the field take discrimination cases, unfair practices, and other cases involving torts and damages.
Criminal Law is the system of
laws and legal rules that aims to maintain public safety by criminalizing
illegal acts sanctioned under the penal code. The Criminal Code is to safeguard
the public by deterring wrongful acts which violate life, liberty, and
property. Individuals who have committed unlawful conduct face incarceration,
payment of civil damages, and other penalties. American criminal justice system
is a complex and adversarial set of legal maxims. Specific crimes require particular
expertise to defend and liberate the innocent and punish the guilty.
Prosecutors and District Attorneys represent the state and ensure that justice is served. On the other hand, Criminal Defense Lawyers represent the accused. Both of these legal professionals make sure that the case is handled fairly, and justice is approximated in favor of the victim.
Entertainment Law is a subset of Intellectual Property Law that centers on the rights and royalties involved in performing arts. As detailed by the International Association of Entertainment Lawyers, this branch of Law covers all forms of media, including motion pictures, music, television, cinema, and athletics. Entertainment Lawyers dominate the legal field as information technology changed the landscape of media consumption. As a specialty area, lawyers who focus on entertainment law must keep abreast of the latest rules and regulations in the entertainment field.
Environmental Law combines the salient features of the state, federal, and international laws about the environment. Members of the National Association of Environment Law Societies aim to protect and preserve our natural resources from abusive practices. This objective is in line with the concept of intergenerational responsibility, giving importance to the welfare of future generations. Environmental laws regulate acts such as pollution, global warming, land disputes, natural resources management, and littoral use. Legal professionals who specialize in environmental law represent non-profit, non-government organizations that forward traditional changes in the practice of international law.
It is in the interest of the state to preserve the sanctity of marriage and the family. Family Law is a body of laws, statutes, and case precedents that govern the legal relationship and responsibilities about domestic relations. Legal matters between individuals within the family can be futile. Cases that fall under area include divorce, adoption, legitimacy, child abuse, civil unions, domestic partnerships, and marriage. Family law cases typically call for the services of a Family Lawyer.
Healthcare is central to every functioning society. Health Care Law is federal and state legislation involving the United States health care system and delivery. It covers all areas of healthcare, including mental health, health insurance, patient protection, health reform, and emergency health care. Most importantly, it ensures that every citizen has access to affordable, quality health care. Specialists in Health Care Law oversee every step of health care policy design and implementation.
Immigration has become a highly sensitive issue in the United States. With the call to protect US citizens from illegal immigrants, Immigration Law has become litigious in recent years. As an area of law, it governs immigration policy, detailing the legal means and steps to acquire lawful residency. Immigration Lawyers assist their clients at all stages of immigration and naturalization based on the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). This does not only grant lawful entry to persons seeking naturalization; most importantly, it protects American sovereignty.
Intellectual Property Law
Intellectual Property Law involves an extensive federal and state legislation that protects all kinds of intellectual creation. This includes original works, including writing, music, drawings, paintings, photography, and film. Intellectual Property Laws protect the rights of writers, inventors, and businesses from the moment of creation, or upon the requisite application. Legal professionals in the field of Intellectual Property Lawyers often take an area of expertise – trademark law, copyright law, or patent law. In the age of digital reproduction, Intellectual Property Lawyers are very much in demand, according to the American Intellectual Property Law Association.
International Law is a proud
product of years of international dispute resolution and compromise agreements.
It sets the standards of international conduct between state actors and various
international organizations. International Law is composed of two branches –
Public International Law and Private International Law. Public International
Law pertains to the affairs and dealing involving sovereign nations. While
Private International Law, a part of Civil Law, governs the legal disputes
involving a private individual who crosses international boundaries.
The successful practice of International Law requires an extensive background on comparative law. International law is an interdisciplinary field that touches various aspects of common law and civil law systems across sovereign states. You can find an overview of the subject matter in the American Society of International Law.
Labor Law is social legislation that aims to protect both the laborers and the capital. It provides an avenue where social justice can be approximated through the establishment of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Workers and employees are protected from the arbitrary actions of their employers. This includes matters involving wage and compensation, discrimination in the basis of sex, age, gender, disability or race, and harassment. Attorneys who specialize in Labor Law ensure that abusive acts of employers are checked by proper representation. They represent individuals, unions, regulatory agencies under the government, and even the employer. Employers can also fall victim to labor disputes as employees may also commit arbitrary actions against their employers. Justice is afforded to both sides, as it is sworn duty of every lawyer.
Property law is a central subject
in the U.S. legal system. The Real Estate Law in the country involves ownership
of land, as well as construction permanently attached to it. It encompasses
construction, property, development, and litigation, as well as rights accorded
to tenants and landlords. Real Estate Attorneys often find employment in both
residential and commercial transactions. They review contracts, planning, and
government permits necessary for real estate development and ownership.
Tax Law is a dreaded subject in Law school but is a dynamic field of specialty in the legal profession. The field deals with both domestic and international transactions that require the expertise of Taxation Lawyers. Tax legislation is often changing due to the various factors that affect local, state, and federal tax laws. Due to the complexities of fiscal policy, tax law needs to adapt to these changes. Taxation law experts thrive in this environment and engage in continuous education to acquire relevant knowledge and skills in taxation. Among the primary responsibilities of a Taxation, Lawyer is ensuring the legalities of economic transactions, while reducing financial liabilities. Learn more about U.S. Taxation in the link provided.
Online vs. Brick and Mortar Law Degrees
Studies reveal that a significant number of graduate students are millennials. Millennials are those belonging to a specific age cohort and those who are born between the years 1982 and 2002. This demographic shift will continue to persist every year, as they maintain to be the nation’s most educated generation. The millennial generation is mostly college-educated, landing a job right after graduation. But despite the job security, a college education brings, a graduate degree promises an even higher economic payoff.
Earning a master’s degree, a doctorate or a law degree will bring in more profitability and satisfaction in one’s career choice. With the increased popularity of online education, a graduate degree is easily within anybody’s reach. A Law degree is no exception to this technological advancement. Being so career-minded, college graduates seek to earn a Law degree online. Aside from the convenience and flexibility, it is significantly cheaper than attending traditional law schools.
However, you must take the necessary precaution when pursuing an online law degree. Here are a few reasons why:
As of this writing, no law school has been granted accreditation by the American Bar Association (ABA). In the United States, no law school that offers a fully online J.D. degree have passed the Standard 306: Distance Education set by the Department of Education and the ABA. Earning your J.D. degree via distance learning will limit your ability to practice your law in various states. Some online law schools may allow you to take the California Bar Examination. If you are a graduate of Concord Law School or Abraham Lincoln University School of Law, you are eligible to take the Bar exam in limited jurisdiction.
As compared to brick-and-mortar legal
education, you are assured that the curriculum follows the standards set by
ABA. An ABA-accredited J.D. degree program will build your credibility and open
your doors to many opportunities. Earning the degree from a traditional setting
and with ABA accreditation will prepare you to surpass the Bar examinations.
Legal education ensures that every law graduate in the United States meets or
exceeds the expectations of the legal profession.
No In-Person Interaction
To be a competent legal professional, you need to be able to master the art of argumentation. As mentioned earlier, law schools in the U.S. follow the Socratic Method, which puts debate at the center of academic interaction and discussion. This is not supported in an online law degree. Coursework is handed out per week, and students are free to complete the necessary assignments depending on their availability.
Whereas in a
classroom setting, law students are trained to respond to the oral debate,
which is a testament to their wit and preparedness. During law school, being
able to interact with diverse groups of individuals will improve your
interpersonal skills and ability to communicate with the layman. You will find
yourself building long-term relationships with some of the most conscientious
people. Through this experience, you will learn that there is pleasure in
interacting with people coming from all walks of life.
No Clear Career Prospects
Since online law degrees are not ABA-accredited, there are no bright career prospects after graduation. According to Data USA, the projected job for growth for lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers 8.01% within the10-year period. With this, career prospects for online law degree holders are limited based on credentials due to the non-ABA law degree.
Financing Your Legal Education
Attending Law school is a serious commitment. It requires a substantial financial risk as you invest for tuition fees, books, lodging, and travel. Fortunately, there are funding options and financial assistance programs to help you pay for your legal education.
Scholarships and Grants
As a testament to the country’s commitment to providing an accessible and affordable educational system, scholarships and grants are available to all students at every academic level. For the lack of a better term, these are “free money” handed by the Federal or State government, and non-government organizations to fund the law education of deserving students. These are awarded based on the need or merit of a student, or both. It does not need to be repaid.
Private law schools award scholarships and grants. Independent organizations also confer scholarships. These include organizations such as local bar associations, fraternities and sororities, social clubs and groups, religious organizations, and business conglomerates. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs awards a special scholarship for students seeking to pursue a law degree.
Bear in mind that the availability of these financial aids is limited. It is vital that you do your part by researching the best option and turning to your school admission and financial aid office. The mostly merit-based application for these types of assistance is highly competitive. Show that you are academically qualified by presenting proof of your academic performance. Shortly after admission, you can expect an award merit money.
Some law schools award financial aids on need-based condition. Before you process your requirements, you must confirm with your las school what materials are necessary to qualify for the grant. Of course, there is always an added assurance when you send your application early.
Federal loans are either Direct Subsidized Loans, Unsubsidized Direct Loans, Direct Plus Loans, and Direct Consolidation Loans. These programs are under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program. When you avail of any of the programs, the U.S. Department of Education becomes your creditor.
At least half-time at a participating law school will make you eligible to apply. While Direct Subsidized Loans is only available to undergraduate students, the Unsubsidized Direct Loans are open to both undergraduate and graduate students. In applying for Unsubsidized Direct Loans, applicants need not show proof of financial need. To apply, you must first complete and submit a completed Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form. You law school will aid in determining the amount of grant, or your financial aid package.
Direct Unsubsidized Loan
The Federal government grants law students to borrow up to a total of $20,500 under the Federal Direct Unsubsidized Loan program. Students can borrow the same amount per academic year from the U.S. Department of Education. As takes the nature of a loan, it will start accruing a simple interest the moment the grant is disbursed. It remains as such during the entirety of your attendance in law school.
You will start paying your loan six months after your graduation. The six-month grace period may be availed and with a flexible repayment plan. When finances become tough after the grace period, the repayment plan will be adjusted based on your household income. Also, you can avail of the payment relief or forbearance. Most importantly, the Federal Direct Unsubsidized Loan is qualified to be included in the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program.
Direct Grad PLUS
Grad PLUS are loans granted to
graduate or professional students designed to pay for expenses not covered by
financial aid. Law students with no standing adverse credit are eligible to borrow
from the program. However, if you have adverse credit, you may be given
preference when you apply with an endorse or co-debtor. Endorser of the
applicants must be a U.S. citizen or a permanent resident, and with no adverse
credit of their own.
The loan amount awarded to successful applicants is equivalent to the school’s Cost of Attendance (COA). However, grants from other financial aid will be deducted from the total amount of the Direct Grad PLUS award. The interest follows the same terms as that of the Direct Unsubsidized Loan. The flexible repayment plan is available to students who availed of the loan. While you are still enrolled in school, repayment is deferred.
Law Career Pathways, Information, and Outlook
Legal professionals are at the forefront of justice and equity in the country. They provide advice, represent individuals, businesses, organizations, and government agencies from the foul image of injustice. Lawyers aid their clients to resolve legal issues and disputes that may arise in any situation. As a career, it serves as a multi-entry opportunity to extensive career choices. Today, there are 974,000 lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers that make up the judicial system of the United States. With an 8.01% and a national average of 7.4% estimated job growth, more legal professionals are expected to join the workforce. Demand for legal services will continue to expand as various state actors venture into legally binding transactions.
Alongside the projected job growth, employment in the field will be highly competitive because of the rising number of students completing their legal education each year. In fact, according to the ABA’s National Population Survey, there are a total of 1,338,678 active lawyers in 2018. However, various Law specialty areas are worth exploring. Among the top specialization is Tax Law, Corporate Law, Intellectual Property Law, Securities Law, and Criminal Law. In 2018, the annual average salary of a Lawyer was estimated to be $120,910, with an average billable hour of $58.13.
To be an attorney or a legal professional, you must prepare to invest an entire seven years of full-time study
10 Common Law Occupations
Legal education is a valuable investment. After graduating from law school, various career opportunities are available to J.D. degree holders. The list contains the ten most common law occupations for J.D. graduates and legal professionals.
Lawyers, also referred to as Attorney or Counselor, are legal professionals who mainly advocate for their client’s cause and rights. They represent individuals, corporations, and even government agencies on different legal issues. Through negotiation, lawyers advise their clients to reach an amicable settlement to avoid litigation. Lawyers who represent the accused are called defense lawyers. Law firms employ the services of lawyers to oversee the legal concerns of various clients.
Becoming a lawyer typically takes seven years of full-time study beginning from high school. Under the current ABA mandate, aspiring lawyers need to complete a Juris Doctor degree from an ABA-accredited law school. Law schools in the U.S. require a particular LSAT score to be admitted. While in Law school, students may choose to specialize in an area of choice. Upon completing three to four years of law school, prospective lawyers need to pass the Bar exam. You can begin your legal practice once you get admitted to the Bar, and earn $120,910 per year.
Corporate lawyers primarily ensure that every corporate transaction is done legally and within the bounds of the corporation’s by-laws. They stand as corporate counsel on various legal and technical issues. Corporate lawyers represent the company in proceedings which require legal knowledge and expertise. When the corporation is exposed to legal disputes, they gather and analyze the evidence presented to come up with a strong defense.
To succeed in corporate law, you need to specialize in at least one of the following areas: Tax Law, Contract Law, Accounting Law, and Securities Law. It is best that you choose to concentrate on an area that emphasizes corporate law. You can earn $65,323 up to $169,604 a year when you pursue a career in the field.
Patent Lawyers work in companies and are tasked to assess and analyze the patentability of various products or inventions. They also ensure that all standard protocols are followed to protect the products against infringements. Importantly, they guide and advise their clients who may be an individual inventor or a corporation during the entire process of their patent application. It is essential that they are apprised with the existing patents to avoid litigation in infringement cases. Patent lawyers value research as a means of providing clients with clear and indisputable claim to their inventions.
As patent lawyers, you must be highly trained in critical aspects of intellectual property rights. In 2018, data showed that the average yearly salary for the position is $134,729. Some employers require the place to be filled by a licensed attorney who has a background in the sciences. Knowledge in engineering or biology may set you apart from the rest of the employment pool. A specialization in Intellectual Property Law may be a requirement in some industries.
Criminal Law is unforgiving. It is made for lawyers with a strong sense of justice pursue a career as Criminal Lawyers or Defense Counsel. They defend individuals, organizations, corporations, and businesses in the criminal charges filed against them in various court jurisdictions. Criminal lawyers ensure that their clients get their day in court. They investigate the case by conducting interviews, research, depositions, and gather evidence in favor of the client. Constructing a strong defense based on proof beyond a reasonable doubt is the goal of every criminal lawyer.
In some cases, they negotiate a plea deal with the plaintiff or the complainant. This is a means of allowing the defendant to enter a guilty plea to a lesser offense. Plea bargaining is sanctioned by law and is encouraged to unclog the court dockets. Criminal Law requires expertise and years of experience. You need strong written and oral advocacy skills when arguing in front of a judge and a jury. Once you persuade the judge and the jury to enter a not guilty verdict or acquittal, you win your client’s case. This will lead you to an annual income of $114,290.
Taxation Law is a complicated subject, so organizations and corporations or individuals secure the services of a Tax Lawyer. Lawyers who specialize in taxation act as a representative of their clients in dealing with various tax agencies and comply with federal, state, and local rules in filing tax returns or tax legislation. Tax lawyers remain informed of the changes in taxation law, which may affect their client’s business or current economic standing. Having a technical and analytical skill set, such as strong mathematical and accounting skills will prime you for the specialization. Practicing tax law is not easy, so the job promises a steady increase in annual earnings and benefits. Recent data shows that a Tax Lawyer can earn $100,055 per year.
Real Estate Lawyer
Real Estate Lawyers assist their clients in various dealings within the market, both commercial and residential real estate. Real estate transactions involve several complex legal documents, which requires the expertise of real estate lawyers. Lawyers in the business oversee and review contracts and other relevant documents. They oversee issues that may require the application of legal knowledge. These may include zoning, permits, property development concerns, questions with tenants, and neighbors. More importantly, real estate lawyers make sure that all legal documents comply with the Real Estate Standards Organization or RESO mandates.
To be a successful real estate lawyer, you must be keen and meticulous on every detail, especially in drafting contracts. Real estate lawyers are not limited to office works as they also represent their clients in court. Earning a specialization in Property Law will allow you to develop your background leading to an annual salary of $82,868 or up to $166,811 per year.
Family Law Attorney
Family law is a broad and complex field. It is also referred to as Matrimonial Law or the Law of Domestic Relations in the United States. The need for legal interventions in marital affairs often entails disputes among spouses or family members. Family Law Attorneys play an essential role in settling custody arrangements, marriage arrangements or prenuptial agreements, domestic abuse, or divorce. Other parts of family law also include requirements for marriage, legally adopting a child and marital property relations. You can specialize in family law and practice as a Family Law Attorney and develop your potential in the field. An annual salary for a seasoned family law attorney may earn up to $123,500.
Personal Injury Lawyer
Damage caused by one to another through fault or negligence entitles the injured to receive compensation. In cases of physical or psychological harm suffered by a client, Personal Injury Lawyers make sure to represent their client’s claim for damages. Frequently, the injured party requires the legal assistance of a lawyer who specializes in the field of torts as they are incapable of forwarding their claim. This field of law falls under Tort Law or Torts and is a part of Civil Law. Personal injury lawyers interview both parties, evaluate the case, and develop case-specific strategies to secure their client’s claim. Top earners in torts work for big law firms, while those who are employed in non-profit organizations receive a lesser salary. The average annual salary earned by a personal injury lawyer is $78,053 and could go up to $151,359.
Civil Rights Lawyer
Civil Rights Lawyers ensure that the American people continue to enjoy the freedoms they are entitled to. They defend civil rights, as well as the fundamental liberties of the public. A typical civil rights case requires civil rights lawyers to protect their client who is facing discrimination, displacement, or any form of abuse — a more sensitive area of practice in cases brought against law enforcement.
Civil rights law demand a strong sense of advocacy and passion for truth and justice. For civil rights lawyers to thrive in the area, you must specialize in a particular area where you are most passionate about. This area of specialty is not among the top-paying careers in law, but it assures an annual salary of $88,057.
Medical Malpractice Lawyer
Healthcare is an exciting area in both medical and legal terms. Having the proper legal knowledge and licensure, as well as the passion for healthcare is the first step into a specialty in medical law. Medical Malpractice Lawyers function as consultants for health care professionals and medical institutions in building case theories. They especially become useful in malpractice lawsuits brought against any of the health care professional employed in the medical field.
As a field of legal practice, medical law is a combination of intricate areas of personal injury, medical malpractice, and health care law. Medical lawyers work in hospitals or medical clinics, while others defend victims of medical malpractice. Having the appropriate specialization will secure your position in the field and obtain an $86,520 annual salary.
30 Highest Paying Law Careers
In recent years, the
demand for legal services in the United States is in the rise. Here are the Top
30 Highest paid law/legal careers.
Chief Legal Officer
Chief Legal Officers are general counsels that lead the legal department for companies. As principal lawyers, they are responsible for overseeing every legal aspect of a business or law firm. They take the lead role in every legal battle that the corporation may face. Every part of all statutory provisions goes through them to ensure that everything aligns with the mission of the company. Chief legal officers do not only protect the image of the institution they represent, but they also put primacy on ensuring the judicial order in each case.
they provide strategic guidance and consultation to the members of the upper
management on legal issues. To qualify as a chief legal officer, you must have
a law degree and passed the bar examinations. As a prerequisite, you must
specialize in Corporate Law.
A Law Firm Partner takes the lead role in facilitating everyday affairs in the law firm. Partners are typically joint owners of the firm and mainly perform administrative and corporate functions. They are directly involved in supervising the firm’s legal, organizational, technical, and logistics teams. Also, they ensure that the law office remains compliant with state, federal, and local regulations. These highly-skilled and intuitive legal professionals design and implement policies to improve productivity and compliance. To become a law firm partner, you must need a law degree from an accredited law school. You must also pass the bar examinations of the state of employment. Years of experience as a lawyer will put you an advantage when securing a job in any law firm.
Law Firm Partner salary: $185,138
Corporate Lawyers are those engaged in legal processes related to the formation, operation, and governance of a corporation or corporation-like entity such as a limited liability company (LLC), partnership, or alliance. Their duties include guiding their client in establishing a new corporation. They make sure that this new corporation and even the current corporation adhere to all relevant federal, state, and local regulations. Moreover, they are also responsible for providing advice and planning related to corporate mergers, acquisitions, and other large-scale strategic deals. To begin a career as a corporate lawyer, you must have a juris doctor degree and membership in a state bar (typically the state in which the corporation operates). Experience up to ten years in handling cases involving corporate law is required.
Corporate Lawyer salary: $177,799
Law School Professor
Law Professors are legal professionals who teach in the academy. They perform advisory roles and conduct lectures in some of the ABA-accredited law schools in the country and beyond. The work of law professors combines research-based coursework, writing, and teaching. Proper instructions encourage critical thinking among students while developing their persuasive temperament in delivering arguments. They may issue and grade homework, assign reading, and deliver presentations to the class. Law school professors are lawyers licensed to practice law within the state where they teach. To be a law professor, a doctorate in Law is required. To enter academia, you must be a seasoned legal professional or at least have experience within the educational system.
Law School Professor salary: $135,721
Judges, Magistrate Judge, Magistrate
Judges, Magistrates Judges, and Magistrates preside over court proceedings in federal, state, and local courts. Judges are magistrates that work with criminal and corporate law. Magistrates, on the other hand, preside over cases involving municipal law, pre-trial hearings, small claims cases, and misdemeanor trials. They deal with different circumstances, but they have similar duties. Primarily, they evaluate arguments and motions by opposing parties to see whether or not the case should proceed to trial. Because they make legal decisions based on the evidence presented, they must study case precedents, be aware of changes in these precedents, review facts related to the case on hand and review other legal documents brought before them. Judges, magistrates judges, and magistrates decide cases by taking into account the facts of the case and the type of law that is relevant to it.
The position must be
filled by practicing lawyers who either prosecute or defend a case. Depending
on the jurisdiction, they are either appointed or elected to the position by
popular vote. Judges who want a job in higher courts are either elected or
appointed by governors or presidents.
Judges and magistrates salary: $133,920
A Patent Lawyer is responsible for the company’s existing patents as well as its patent applications. They make sure that they adhere to standard protocols and patents are defended against infringements. Patent lawyers are tasked to analyze all current company products to ensure that they do not infringe upon existing patents. They remain relevant as marketability of innovative products remains in the rise, especially in the technology-driven industries. For one to be a patent lawyer, you must have a law degree and must have passed the bar examinations in the state where the company is located. Companies look for lawyers that are educated in specific industries like engineering or technology related fields. Among the top earners in the area have prior experience in intellectual property law or has an academic background in the sciences.
Patent Attorney salary: $130,00
A Senior Attorney is the person who manages and supervises a team of lawyers. He is may either be a partner in a firm or a high-level specialist retained by a law firm of sizable employees. The senior attorney directs the preparations of the team in representing a client. They also represent the team when meeting with the legal representatives from the adversarial side of a case. In court, the senior attorney takes the lead in presenting his or her team’s information and arguments. You must possess a law degree from an accredited university law school. Additionally, you must be a member in good standing of the bar association or accrediting organization with jurisdiction in the area.
Senior Attorney salary: $127, 647
Lawyers are legal professionals who have been admitted to the bar and are therefore licensed to practice law. They apply their knowledge of the law in specific situations and advise their clients regarding their legal rights and responsibilities. Lawyers are welcome to specialize in various areas of law, such as contracts, human rights, international trade, and criminal law. To qualify as a lawyer, you must complete an undergraduate degree, and obtain a law degree. To pursue a legal practice, you must pass the bar examinations administered by the state where you choose to practice.
Lawyer salary: $120,910
Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicator, Hearing Officers
Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicator, Hearing Officers oversee legal procedures for local, state, and federal offices and courtrooms. They generally work for the government and are responsible for deciding claims for benefits that it offers. Their responsibilities may also include reviewing evidence, documentation, and determining rulings. In preparing for hearings and determining conclusions, they do legal research, analyze policies, laws, precedent, decisions, and regulations. Administrative law judge, adjudicator, or hearing officer typically have a master’s degree, and some have obtained a Ph.D. or M.D. You must also pass the U.S. Office of Personnel Management exam, professional orientation to qualify for employment in the field.
Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicator, Hearing Officers salary: $117,190
Intellectual Property Lawyer
Intellectual Property Lawyers are licensed legal professionals who deal with issues related to patents, trademarks, trade secrets, and copyrights. Popularly called as IP lawyers, they act as firm advocates for their client’s right and obligations when it comes to intellectual property. They value the intellectual creation of all forms and swear to protect and preserve any products under their care. To be an intellectual property lawyer, you must have completed your law degree as well as pass the state’s bar examination. To represent a client before the U.S. Patent Office, the attorney must give the Patent Bar Examination by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Intellectual Property lawyer salary: $100,553
Trial Lawyers are those that regularly represent a party in a trial. They argue for their client’s case and study the circumstances by examining all the necessary evidence. In addition to this, they also research laws and analyze relevant judicial decisions to strengthen their client’s case. All lawyers must be admitted to the American Bar Association to practice law. Passing the LSAT as well as the bar examinations is essential. Before an aspiring trial lawyer takes the bar examination, he or she must have earned a law degree from an accredited school. After that, a trial lawyer needs to figure out what bar examination they have to take. Majority of the states use the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE). Some states use the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE). States require trial lawyers to re-apply when practicing law in another state.
Trial lawyer salary: $99,424
Government Attorneys work within specialized areas of law. They represent the interest of local, state, or federal government bodies in legal proceedings. Moreover, they may be associated with those who assist in creating or enforcing legislation and regulations in a given jurisdiction. Government lawyers may also serve as aides who help craft legislation and regulations. To gain employment as a government attorney, standard qualifications are necessary. Most people in this position have prior work experience with the government or educational background in public policy.
Government Attorney salary: $87,872
Employment and Labor Lawyer
Employment and Labor Lawyers help clients with labor issues. This may include wages, pension, and benefits, unlawful termination, workplace safety and injury, family leave, unions, labor laws and regulations, sexual harassment, discrimination in the workplace. Specializing in Labor Law, they are equipped with the legal expertise to address any issue that may affect their client. They may represent the employer, the employee, or a group of employees, job applicants, unions, interest groups, and businesses. Among the possible actions is defending or filing a suit against other parties impinging on their rights. After getting a Bachelor’s degree, you must get a law degree and take the bar examinations. Once you pass the bar examinations and is licensed to practice law, you may proceed to specialize in Labor law.
Employment and Labor Lawyer salary: $86,416
Family Law Lawyer
A Family Law Lawyer is a professional hired to guide clients on custody, divorce, and adoption. They help clients achieve an optimal resolution through a settlement processor to represent them in court before a family court judge. Within Family Law, you can further specialize as a Divorce Lawyer, Domestic Abuse Lawyer, or Child Support Lawyer. To work as a family lawyer, you need to complete a bachelor’s degree, as well as three years of legal education. In addition to a J.D. degree, you must secure a state licensing before your legal practice.
Family Law Lawyer salary: $80,882
Criminal Defense Lawyer
Criminal Defense Lawyers represent their clients in court. They argue their client’s case in front of a judge, prosecutors, and jury. As defense lawyers, they emphasize the Constitutional right of the accused to be presumed innocent unless the contrary is proved. Criminal lawyers are willing to settle their case in and out of court to ensure a favorable result for their client. A criminal defense lawyer must hold a juris doctor degree and must have been admitted to the Bar. Usually, employers prefer those who graduated from an American Bar Association (ABA) accredited law school. Experience in criminal law is always given preference. While in law school, invest in internships or volunteer positions in public defenders or prosecutor’s office to make a good impression.
Criminal Defense Lawyer salary: $80,144
Mediators are practicing lawyers and are sometimes former or aspiring judges. They help resolve conflicts between disputing parties through negotiation and dialogue, which is done outside out of court. To lessen conflict, a private, confidential hearing which is less formal than a court trial. Mediators ensure that negotiation is neutral and unbiased; they act as a third party, not representing any side of the dispute. A mediator must be an attorney, a former or aspiring judge. Some states require that a mediator undertake a course in mediation and confidentiality agreement.
Mediator salary: $79,082
Litigation Support Supervisor
Litigation Support Supervisor generally provides day-to-day supervision and guidance to the litigation support staff. They manage and review litigation, as well as the support team members, processes, and policies involved in the litigation proceedings. Litigation support supervisor primarily oversees quality control and completion of all documents necessary for litigation. To get employment as a litigation support supervisor, you must have a bachelor’s degree in a related field. This is one of the few legal profession that does not require a law degree or admission to the Bar.
Litigation Support Supervisor salary: $77,114
Associate Attorneys are responsible for completing legal tasks, including drafting of contracts, filing cases into the court dockets, and apprising clients with the status of the case. They conduct legal research for cases, attend court proceedings, and provide accurate analysis and advice on future legal actions. When necessary, they complete and deliver essential documents to courts as needed. Like the other attorneys, they also give legal advice to their clients. As a crucial part of their role as lawyers, associate attorneys are expected to respect confidentiality agreements. A law degree and license to practice is a requirement for this position.
Associate Attorney salary: $72,204
An Immigration Lawyer assists clients who wish to immigrate to another country for work and residency. They present cases in court representing the local, state, or federal government. They assist with navigating through the complex legal requirements for applications for citizenship and work visas of non-residents. An immigration lawyer must possess a degree from an accredited law school, and have passed the bar examinations of the state of employment.
Immigration Lawyer salary: $66, 432
Litigation Support Specialist
Litigation Support Specialist tasks involve collecting and storing information related to litigation, including electronic records and hard copies. They also create, maintain, and update document databases and workflow for documentation. As a specialist within the law firm, they are vital in ensuring data security, especially from a security breach. You can secure employment as a litigation support specialist with just a bachelor’s degree in a related field.
Litigation Support Specialist salary: $61,500
A Legal Administrator is someone who works in a law office, ensuring that all operations run smoothly. They are in charge of accounting duties at the firm, such as forecasting, budgeting, and variance analysis. Typically, legal administrators must track the law office’s expenditures, which includes carrying out of billing and collections as well as reporting taxes. This job also involves supervising a team, so duties such as hiring/carrying out evaluations and discipline are necessary. Legal administrators are holders of bachelor’s degree in business administration or finance. This is a specialty area, so technical skills are an essential requirement.
Legal Administrator salary: $60,150
Alternative Dispute Resolution Mediator
An Alternative Dispute Resolution Mediator is a legal professional who uses a collection of processes referred to as alternative dispute resolution. A mediator is one who helps people settle disputes without going through the court system. Requirements to become an alternative dispute resolution mediators vary by state and by the industry. Some states require experienced lawyers. However, many do not even stipulate that one has to have a law degree. To become a mediator, attend training or obtain relevant experience. Education, licensing, and certification requirements vary.
Alternative Dispute Resolution Mediator salary: $55,125
A Litigation Paralegal has several essential duties in the litigation process. They handle documents, and on a day-to-day basis, they must organize, coordinate, and file necessary documents for the attorney to access. Litigation paralegals handle several legal tasks under the supervision of attorneys. They prepare materials needed to present to the court; they conduct research and prepare for depositions. The educational requirements to become a paralegal vary. They may gain their experience from on-the-job training and advance professionally over time. However, to be a litigation paralegal, the legal community deems it necessary to obtain a paralegal associate’s degree or paralegal certification.
Litigation paralegal salary: $54,272
Real Estate Paralegal
Real Estate Paralegals prepare the documentation necessary in any case, including real estate purchases or sale closings. Their task may include reviewing amendments, leases, subleases, or purchase assignments. They work with lawyers to complete pending purchase agreements and create closing checklists for all real estate sales. A real estate paralegal must be prepared for the real estate career world. The job often requires experience as a paralegal along with associate’s or bachelor’s degree, as well as a certificate.
Real Estate Paralegal salary: $50,265
A Court Reporter is an officer of the court who create written transcripts to record spoken communications within a court proceeding. These transcripts are crucial as they serve as the records for all the aspects of the trial. To become a court reporter, attend a technical school or vocational training geared specifically to this career.
Members of Congress are elected officials of the government whose duties include representation, legislation, constituent service, and educations. They also engage in political and electoral activities. To be a member of Congress, you must be elected by their given electoral college. The Constitution requires that a US Senator must be 30 years of age, citizens of the United States for at least nine years, and residents of the states from which they are elected.
On the other hand, it
is provided that members of the House of Representatives must be at least 25,
citizens for seven years, and residents of the states which send them to
Congress. States may set additional requirements for election to Congress, but
the constitution gives each house the power to determine the qualification of
Members of Congress salary: $50,000
Legal Secretaries perform secretarial tasks that are specific to the field of law. Their jobs involve preparing legal documents, such as summonses, motions, and subpoenas. Apart from regular secretarial duties like answering phone calls and email, filing, creating, and maintaining the schedule of lawyers, they also conduct legal research. Legal secretaries typically have an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in the legal field. Some employers, however, will accept candidates with significant prior experience in place of a degree.
Legal Secretary salary: $42,065
are those who work for government agencies or for firms whose legal focus is on
immigration law. They work with immigration attorneys to help clients in
citizenship or deportation proceedings. Immigration paralegals are key
personnel in maintaining the sanctity of U.S. citizenship. To become an
immigration paralegal, you need to complete an associate or bachelor’s degree
in paralegal studies. You may also want to learn about immigration law to gain
a head start into this specialty.
Immigration Paralegal salary: $49,134
Paralegals work at the forefront of affordable assistance both for their employers and the public. They help create equitable access to legal aid and perform legal support services to attorneys. Primarily, they provide professional service by creating legal documents as well as filing them in court. Paralegals also accompany lawyers to see clients and or to go to court. The job requires an associate’s degree or certificate in paralegal studies. Some employers require that you have a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field as well as previous experience in working as a paralegal.
Paralegal salary: $45,841
Legal Administrative Assistant
A Legal Administrative Assistant provides support to lawyers and paralegals through conducting research, filing cases, handling correspondence, and other legal duties. They need to have a solid knowledge of various legal principles and terms. As part of the administrative department, they maintain a high level of confidentiality in all matters of the case. Legal administrative assistants are essential in ensuring a quick turnaround, especially in sensitive situations. To be a Legal administrative assistant, you must have an associate’s degree in business or related field.
Legal Administrative Assistant salary: $48,764
10 Unique Law Careers
The legal career is
vast. Legal professionals may opt to go into non-traditional jobs that are for
law-trained professionals. Here are the top 10 unique legal careers.
Associate Director Of A Bar Review Corporation
Passing the bar examinations is a requisite to practice law. Because the bar exams is an ordeal, bar review corporations exist to help law students hurdle the Bar. Associate directors of bar review corporations is a non-traditional job for someone who is trained in the legal profession. The duties of this career involve sales promotion, management, and administration. To be an associate director of a bar review corporation, you must at least have a law degree. Someone who is self-motivated and someone with excellent interpersonal skills is also preferred. One of the leading bar review centers in the U.S. pays their directors an average annual salary of $138,000.
In the study of law, Law Professors are active players. If you have a passion for both the law and teaching, then you should consider being a law professor. Even though this position is not a traditional law career, it is one of the highest paid with an annual salary of $135,721. Because the field is hyper-competitive, you should start building your portfolio.
Healthcare Marketing Director (Private Healthcare provider)
Employers prefer Healthcare Marketing
Directors to be holders of a law degree. Their duties require legal knowledge,
knowledge of legal terminologies. Since they create, implement plans for
hospitals and medical facilities, they must behave sufficient understanding of
the applicable laws. Employers also require banking experience. Background in
public finance, bank trust experience, and marketing experience is helpful in
this job. Annually, healthcare marketing directors earn $86,141.
Associate Publisher (Legal Monthly Newspaper)
An Associate Publisher works in a legal monthly newspaper or law journals. They are responsible for promotions, advertising, selection of editorial features, and legal writings. For this position, familiarity with law firm practices, conference and corporate sales are helpful. The difference between a traditional associate publisher and an associate publisher in a legal monthly newspaper is the subject of focus. An associate publisher in a legal monthly paper focuses on editing and proofreading legal publications. In applying for this job, employers prefer someone who has a legitimate network. On average, the annual pay of an associate publisher is $75, 536.
Legal Recruiters are human resource personnel working within the justice system. These professionals help other legal professionals land a job. They also help lawyers succeed in a challenging market. Your job is to connect professionals and employers. Legal recruiters connect with possible clients and endorse them to law firms. On average, a legal recruiting manager earns an annual salary of $71,041.
Law Firm Administrator
A Law Firm Administrator offers administrative support in a law office. They manage schedules and coordinate appointments and meetings with clients and various stakeholders. For this position, you assist attorneys and paralegals by preparing reports and keeping track of legal correspondence. You make sure to supervise the support staff and maintain legal management systems. Law firm administrator earns an average annual salary of $67,707.
Law Librarians are people who are generally fascinated with the literary aspect of the law, the organization of the legal code and documentation. With their expertise, they usually work with lawyers, law clerks, paralegals, and other legal and business professionals. They find employment in various institutions such as a law firm, law library, court, a government organization, or even in a corporate setting. Master’s in Library and Information Science degree holders is given preference in a highly technical profession. Law librarians are tasked to analyze, organize, and research information needed by their employer. In a year, a Law Librarian can earn an average of $60,547.
Civil Rights Investigator
If social work appeals to you, you might want to become a Civil Rights Investigator. A civil rights investigator applies the law to investigate reported discrimination cases against individuals. They investigate charges filed by applicants for state employment. Their duties include pre-investigative activities, investigative planning, technical report writing, dispute resolution, and other related tasks. Typically employed by the government, they have an average annual pay of $53,854.
A Paralegal Instructor is a professional who has gained high proficiency and expertise in paralegal work. They train student paralegals to become competent and certified in paralegal work. Lawyers are welcome to venture into the field of paralegal instructor. For this job, the duties involve typical duties of professors; these include teaching courses, grade papers, and develop course programs. Unlike a law professor, a paralegal instructor is not required to publish in law journals. They can teach at a community college and earn an average annual pay of $49,879.
Law School Career Counselor
Any ethical school offer career counselors to guide students navigate within their field of choice. Law schools are no exception. Law School Career Counselors give students direction and help them prepare to land a job after they graduate from law school. Their role is not limited to these. They also administer personality, interest, and aptitude tests. A master’s in Counseling or a related field is required for this position. They must also have been engaged in relevant licensing and documented time in supervised practice. To succeed in this position, a knack for researching information about clients is essential. In a year, a law school career counselor earns an average of $43, 389.
Top Travel Law Careers
Corporate Lawyers are specialized lawyers that primarily take on legal cases involving corporate law. Many large corporations have officers across the country, as well as internationally. Due to the broad scope of the business, you are required to travel when you handle casework. To embark on this career, you must obtain a law degree and be admitted to the bar. The average annual salary of corporate lawyers is reported at $169,604.
Judges are lawyers that are elected or appointed to their positions. They oversee legal proceedings. The conduct hearings, analyze evidence, decide cases, and they also make legal opinions. Most of the work is conducted in the court of their offices. However, they often travel to courthouses across their respective state or country to conduct trials and hearings. To become a judge, you must first be an experienced practicing lawyer. You must also have the support of politicians and be elected or appointed to the position. On average, a judge may earn $145,605 per year. However, judicial compensation may differ based on the judge’s jurisdiction.
Criminal Defense Lawyer
A criminal defense
lawyer is attorneys who argue the case of their client in front of a judge,
jury, and or prosecutors. They must be licensed to practice law and may be
required to travel to make appearances in various courts where they have cases.
They may represent clients in federal courts. Their average annual pay is $80,
International Trade Lawyer
International Trade Lawyers are those attorneys who focus on international trade. They are required to travel domestically and internationally as part of their scope of work. To become an international trade lawyer, you must be a qualified lawyer. Your legal focus must be on areas on import, export laws, customs law, and trade and compliance regulations. The average pay of international trade lawyers is $79,160 a year.
International Human Rights Lawyer
International Human Rights Lawyers are attorneys who specialize in the area of Human Rights Law. They focus on protecting the rights and freedoms of people, both nationally and internationally. They may work in a firm, government agency such as the United Nations. This career is highly international. Because of the nature of their job, human rights attorneys are often required to travel both domestically and internationally to work on cases. To be a human rights lawyer, you must first earn a law degree and pass the bar examinations. It is also recommended to gain experience within a law firm or government agency during your studies and secure an annual salary of $69,785.
A Paralegal is someone who provides support to lawyers. Their work involves legal research, maintaining casework, organizing files, drafting legal documents. Paralegals occasionally travel for legal analysis or in preparation for their trials. An associate degree or certificate in paralegal studies is needed if you want to be a paralegal. Some employers prefer a bachelor’s degree in a related field. Paralegals receive an average annual salary of $50,410.
A Court Reporter is someone who prepares transcripts of legal proceedings. They are highly trained legal professionals who are capable of converting spoken words into stenographic notes for archival use. Their role involves traveling to different court locations, whether in-state or nationally. To become a court reporter, you must have the experience as a freelance reporter or a court reporter. Receiving a certification from the NCRA, and a certificate of merit from the National Shorthand Reporters Association is preferred. The average yearly salary for court reporters is reported at $50,096.
What does Juris Doctor or J.D. degree entail?
A Juris Doctor or
J.D. degree is the typical law degree that law students pursue once they enter
law school. In the United States, a J.D. degree is considered the highest
education that is made available for students of law and in the legal
profession. Additionally, it is a professional degree which will prepare you
for the State Bar Examination. Passing the Bar is the key to practicing law in
your state. You can obtain the degree by enrolling in any of the American Bar
Association (ABA) accredited institutions. Those who want to earn the degree
must be a holder of an undergraduate diploma. Of course, any degree related to
the law will give you, and once you begin law school.
Most law students
take Political Science or Business-related and Social Science majors in
college. These courses encourage critical thinking and rational thought. They
will not only prepare you for the rigors of the profession, but they will also
place you at an advantage. Having a solid foundational knowledge and skills
involved in the complexities of social science is necessary for your journey in
law. Since lawyers need to be analytical and rational decision-makers, having
an excellent research and communication background will help you succeed in
your legal practice.
Once you graduate
from college and take the LSAT, you are now eligible to apply to the law school
of your choice. The Juris Doctor degree program will vary from one Law school
to another. They may differ in the length and courses available. However, the
ABA has set standard guidelines that legal institutions are required to comply
with. Average time of completion is set to three years of full-time study,
while part-time students may require longer completion time. After earning a
J.D. degree, you will be qualified to take the state bar, and ultimately, obtain
your license to practice law.
The Juris Doctor
degree exposes law students to holistic coursework, allowing them to become
well-rounded legal professionals. More importantly, students develop a strong
and in-depth understanding of the United States legal system, laws, and legal orders.
General courses are integrated into the curriculum, but will heavily focus on
core courses. Among the basic courses under the J.D. degree are the following:
Agency, Trust and Partnership
Property and Real Estate Law
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Law students are also
expected to complete an internship or practicum. Educational institutions,
especially law schools, emphasize the need for on-the-job training. Aside from
exposing students to the realities of their chosen profession, they also gain
relevant insight as to how they can better perform once they graduate.
Internship requirements will give them practical hands-on experiences, those
that are not available within the four corners of the classroom. Also, law
students gain valuable connections during this period. These connections can
lead to exclusive career opportunities that will jumpstart your career in the
How much will a Law Degree cost me?
Earning a J.D. degree
and passing the Bar Exam is a dream for many. This would mean that they will
become an Attorney, the coveted title that will set them apart from the rest.
As a Lawyer and a member of the Bar, you are seen as a symbol of high ethical
and moral standards. People give you respect as you embody the legal system.
You exercise candor, while only taking calculated risks, especially at work.
Once you land your first job, you will typically receive an average annual
salary of $151,026. While the 6-digit income might come as a great motivator,
we must first discuss the cost of legal education.
The cost of law
school, including tuition, board, and lodging, and other fees is expensive,
more so in top-ranked institutions. In the U.S., there
are public and private Law schools that offer the same Juris Doctor (J.D.)
curriculum. According to the data pooled by the US News, the national average
annual tuition and other fees at a private law school are $49,095. This data is
taken from the 2018-2019 academic year. This rate is $8,400 higher when
compared to the average annual out-of-state tuition for public law schools.
Whereas, when compared to the in-state tuition and fees, private law schools
cost $21,500 more.
These data is
overwhelming, yes, but this is the reality of venturing into Law school. It is
wise that you begin researching and comparing law schools. You will learn that
tuition may vary from one law school to another. When choosing what school to
enroll in, you must consider the passing rate or performance of their Law
graduates in the last three years. External factors such as starting salaries,
employment rate, and the current job statistics in the legal profession are
things to consider as well.
Fortunately, there are
various student loan programs which you can avail to finance your legal
education. With lenient repayment plans and generous grace period, you can
finish law school with minimal financial damage and escape insurmountable debt.
What should I prepare for Law School to get a Law Degree?
When choosing a law school,
it is essential that you consider everything. Keep in mind the specific field
of study you want to specialize in as well as the career prospect in that
field. Most importantly, consider your desire and eagerness to finish the
degree because Law school is tough. Among the many things to prioritize, here
are the two most essential factors in your admission:
Your undergraduate performance
The ultimate determiner as
to what law school you can get in is your undergraduate performance. This is
also the first step in evaluating your chances of being admitted to your chosen
Law school. Make an honest evaluation of your records and begin there. Limit
your application to places where you can qualify. You have to remember that
this is the most critical criteria in law school admission. To ascertain that
you get admitted to your dream law school, you need to prepare as soon as you
enter high school.
While in High School, take
courses that will hone and develop your writing skills. Writing is a critical
skill in the legal profession. Make sure that you get well-rounded course
credits in high school, which will also prepare you for your college education.
Enroll in classes that emphasize research and writing, especially persuasive
and critical essay. As a law student and later on, as a legal professional,
your work will revolve on communication. It is best that you invest in courses
and activities that will boost your confidence in communicating with others.
Also, consider enrolling in sociology, political science human behavior, history,
and psychology, as well as science and math. An impressive academic record will
always go a long way.
Aside from your
undergraduate point average or GPA, your Law School Admission Test (LSAT) score
can make or break your admission to any law school. Admission committees rely
heavily on an applicant’s LSAT school. However, your LSAT score is only a part
of the first of the two-step process in law school admission committees follow.
Initially, the committee
will evaluate both your LSAT score and GPA. The assessment will be based on the
schools targeted median range of first-year students. The median range can go anywhere
between the 25th and 75th percentile, depending on the school. To check your
chances of getting into a given law school, you can verify through the schools’
ABA Standard 509 Information Report or the school’s “509.” The school’s 509
will reveal the specifically targeted range of the law school. You can quickly
check this information as it is available through the ABA Section of Legal
Education and Admissions. Of course, you can always Google the name of the law
Although your LSAT scores
are not entirely decisive of your law school admission, getting a score above
the 75th percentile will boost your chances. After the committee verifies your
records, you will then be placed under a category. There are three categories
in total – presumptive admit; presumptive deny, and everybody else.
The second step of the
two-step category will determine your fate. In this critical step, the law
school admission committee typically reviews each applicant. Generally, those
who are categorized under the presumptive admit will get in. Consequently,
those who get presumptive deny will be usually denied admission. However, these
categories will work in reverse when a piece of compelling information
regarding an applicant is made known to the committee. Everybody else’s not
belonging in either group lies in the middle. This is where the committee
deliberates the application of each aspiring Law student.
Why specialize in Law School?
like in undergraduate studies, is available in Law school. Choosing a concentration
or specialization in Law school is optional. The specializations include
Corporate Law, Criminal Law, Civil Law, Environmental and Natural Resources,
Health Care Law, Immigration Law, Intellectual Property Law, and Taxation Law.
The number of specialized classes will depend on your law school. Additional
units may be required for you to take and complete to earn the concentration.
These upper-level classes include experiential learning opportunities for you
to comply with fully. While some schools do not impose additional courses, but
only recommend them. In both cases, however, an academic advisor will be
available at any time. When you fully comply with the educational standard set
for the said specialization, you will receive a special notation.
will be reflected on both of your diploma, transcript, or you will get
recognition during graduation. These factors will all depend on your law
school’s academic standards. This is only one of the benefits of having a
concentration. Choosing to concentrate in a specific area of Law will hone your
skills as well as your legal knowledge in said area. Engage in the field of the
law that you enjoy and is passionate about. Gain industry-specific legal expertise
and experience to attract as many law firms as possible. Having a
specialization will give you a competitive advantage among the rest of your
peers. The legal market is competitive; you might as well invest in a specialty
area to begin strategizing your career. Most importantly, you will receive
unique employment opportunities both in and out of law school.
When you specialize,
you are free to go deeper into a subject. You will also have direct access to
various innovation and development in the area. Law school specialization will
set the stage towards becoming an authority in your field of choice.
If you are currently
undecided with regards to a specific legal concentration, you will have three
years in law school to explore your options. Pay attention to your classes and
the pertinent extracurricular activities that will encourage you to move
forward with the specialty. You will have plenty of chances to discover your
specialization. Your law school will hold legal clinics or legal aid programs
which will prove useful during your decision-making process. However, if you
are not yet decided on declaring a major, you are not required to choose a